Islamic Azad University at Bandar Gaz
Golestan, Iran
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PubMed | Islamic Azad University at Sari, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Islamic Azad University at Bandar Gaz
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of high risk behaviors & addiction | Year: 2015

Due to the chronic and recurrent nature of addiction, many people who quit drug addiction may slip back into the pattern of using drugs shortly after the detoxification period. Emotion-regulation strategies and resilience play an important role in preventing the recurrences of substance abuse.This study aimed to compare the effects of methadone-maintenance therapy (MMT) and interactive therapy (a combination of MMT and cognitive-behavioral therapy) on improving emotion-regulation strategies and resilience among opiate-dependent clients.This pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study was performed on 60 patients with substance abuse admitted to Methadone Addiction Treatment Centers and Detox Centers in Sari within three months of therapy for their addiction (from October to December 2013). Then, the participants were randomly assigned to two different groups (n = 30) were examined in two groups of 30 people targeted to be available in the selected population. Participants in all three groups, before and after the intervention, filled out the questionnaires of Schutte emotional intelligence scale and Connor-Davidson resiliency questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the analysis of covariance method.The results showed that an interactive therapy would be significantly more effective than the MMT on improving emotion-regulation strategies and promoting the resilience level among opiate-dependent clients. Moreover, the results showed that cognitive- behavior therapy combined with MMT may improve emotion-regulation strategies, and promote the amount of resiliency and recovery.The cognitive-behavior therapy combined with MMT can improve emotion-regulation strategies and resiliency and thus prevent the substance-abuse relapse.

Shamoushaki M.M.N.,Islamic Azad University at Bandar Gaz | Khari Z.,Islamic Azad University at Bandar Gaz | Eslami Z.,Islamic Azad University at Bandar Gaz
AACL Bioflux | Year: 2012

One of the important issues in aquaculture, need to achieve a balance between growth rate and optimal use of fish meal is provided. This study was conducted for 6 weeks in the Sijual Bony Fishes Reproduce and Cultivate Center (Gorgan, Golestan, Iran). Experiments were done 4 treatments and 3 replicates as follows: treatment A = 2.5 % body weight per day, treatment B = 5 % body weight per day, treatment C = 7.5 % body weight per day and treatment D = 10 % body weight per day. Aim to this purpose Caspian carp fingerlings with an average weight of 1.5 ± 0.145 g and average length of 2.97 ± 0.154 cm were distributed in 12 fiberglass tanks (30 number fish per tank) and were cultured for 6 weeks in the same conditions and fed with SFC diet (content: 8.7 % moisture, 11.2 % ash, 32 % protein and 10.5 % fat) four times a day. Results showed that hadn't significant effects in Specific Growth Rate (SGR), Body Weight Index (BWI %), Growth Rate (GR) and Condition Factor (CF) (P<0.05) but hadn't significant effects in Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) and survival (P>0.05). The results show that there are significant differences with regard to the amount of body weight and body length of fingerlings in different treatments (P<0.05), so that the maximum body weight and body length of carp fingerlings is 7.5 % body weight per day.

Khalili M.,Islamic Azad University at Bandar Gaz | Khaleghi S.R.,Islamic Azad University at Bandar Gaz | Hedayati A.,Islamic Azad University at Gorgan
Global Veterinaria | Year: 2012

Pesticides and chemicals used in agriculture may finally inter aquatic environment and accumulate in the food chain and may cause serious ecological and health problems. The aim of the present study was to investigate acute effects of diazinon and deltamethrin as potential dangerous agricultural chemicals to assess and compare mortality rates of these chemicals on Swordtail Fish (Xiphophorus helleri) in the form of LC. 50 Fish were exposed to different concentrations of diazinon and deltamethrin (between 0-64 ppm for diazinon and 0-8 ppm for deltamethrin) for 96 h in 120 L glass aquaria. Although the observed significant difference between acute toxicity of the two pesticides, a very low LC50-96h was obtained for deltamethrin (2.87 ppm) and diazinon (14.3 ppm) indicates that deltamethrin and diazinon are highly toxic to X. helleri. Further studies are recommended to investigate the effects of these harmful chemicals on fish physiology and histology and their accumulation in fish tissues. Although these chemicals are thought to be less toxic in field conditions due to their adsorption to sediments, these data are useful when assessing potential ecosystem risks. © IDOSI Publications, 2012.

Babaei L.,Islamic Azad University at Sari | Fakhri M.K.,Islamic Azad University at Sari | Jadidi M.,Islamic Azad University at Bandar Gaz | Salehi Omran M.T.,Babol University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Coronary heart disease (CHD) has a high rate of mortality in industrial countries. The progress of this disease is closely related to patients’ perception of the social support and their ability to regulate feelings. Therefore, this study was performed to determine the effect of dialectical behavior therapy on emotion regulation and perceived social support in patients with CHD.. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was performed on three patients with CHD, who referred to Fateme Zahra Cardiovascular Hospital of Sari, in the second half of the year 2013. Patients were randomly divided into two groups of test and control (n=15 for each). At the beginning of the pre-test stage, both groups filled-out Fischer and Corcoran’s perceived social support questionnaire and revised emotional processing scale of Weems and Pina. Then, the participants of the test group received six weeks of dialectical behavior therapy, once a week, for 60-90 minutes. The control group received no specific interventions. Eventually, both groups completed the questionnaires again at the post-test stage, and the results were compared afterwards. FINDINGS: The mean scores of cognitive emotion regulation components of the test and control groups in the pre-test stage were 112.7±2.5 and 113.2±2.2, respectively, and in the post-test stage they were 39.07±1.9 and 107±2.9, respectively. The mean score of perceived social support in the test and control groups, in the pre-test stage, were 24.6±4.6 and 24.7±3.5, respectively, and in the post-test stage they were 5.7±3.9 and 39±6.3, respectively. After the intervention, the mean cognitive emotion regulation score in the test group significantly reduced, as compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed that dialectical behavior therapy can affect CHD patients’ perception of social support and their regulation of emotions. © 2015, Babol University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

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