Islamic Azad University at Ardestan

www.iauard.ac.ir
Ardestan, Iran
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Reza Samadi H.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan | Hadi Salehi M.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan
World Applied Sciences Journal | Year: 2013

Geoelectric measurements are nowadays an indispensible tool for investigating the shallow subsurface because the deduced conductivity distribution often provides valuable information for environmental, hydro geological and engineering applications. Although the geoelectric equipment has developed rapidly over the last few decades, most geoelectric surveys are still based on 2D surveying strategies involving conventional co-linear electrode configurations. Although this approach often provides useful subsurface information, it may lead to serious misinterpretations in the presence of pronounced 3D subsurface features. At sites with complex resistivity structure, the 2-D assumption may introduce significant error and the resulting 2-D images can contain significant distortions. Three-dimensional electrical resistivity can be a practical tool for resolution of complex subsurface heterogeneity. Perhaps the most important reason though, why application of 3D geoelectric surveys are not yet well established, is the lack of appropriate 3D experimental design strategies. 3D geoelectric surveying typically requires a large number of electrode positions to be occupied at the grid points of the rectangular area under investigation. This number is usually much larger than the number of electrodes available. Resistivity images are created by inverting hundreds to thousands of individual resistivity measurements in order to produce an approximate model of the subsurface resistivity. In this paper, the objective is the study over shallow structures using 3D pole-pole array. The site is situated in Shahriar County which is located 22 km to the southwest of Tehran in Iran. Due to technical limitations, the number of current and potential electrodes was limited in the field. Therefore, the choice of the appropriate array for the survey which depends upon optimizing resolution capabilities and the signal-to-noise ratio was crucial. The survey was conducted in a 3D pole-pole survey with an electrode spacing of 25 cm covering 1.5 m by 1.5 m area over a rectangular cubic box made of aluminum with dimensions of one and a half meters in length and twenty-five cm in width and height. After data acquisition, resistivity data was inverted with the RES3DINV program and the vertical and horizontal sections were provided. Then a 3D plot of subsurface layers was obtained with the Slicer/Dicer program. The results indicate high ability of this method in order to detect Shallow Structures. © IDOSI Publications, 2013.


Samadi H.R.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan | Salehi M.H.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan
World Applied Sciences Journal | Year: 2013

The use of optimization from reservoirs of hydrocarbon in the world is considered as a serious aim and the first step in this direction is reservoire description. Reservoire modeling performs to recognize more the geometry of oil traps and reservoire management. Generally, this technique is an essential part of oil industry in the fields of study and development processes. Softwares are planning for this aim, can do process of modeling using geostatistic technique, such as RMS. To provide the reservior 3D structural and petrophysical modeling using RMS software, petrophysical and UGC maps were used together. The results showed that the Mansuri is indicating elongate structure, symmetric form and its trend same as Zagros. After making the 3D griding and petrophysical modeling, distribution maps of petrophysical properties such as porosity, water saturation and N/G were constructed. These evidences suggeted that maximum porosity was detected in the eastern part of field, which is more than western part and the zones 1,2 & 3 are showing the best reservior quality in view of petroleum potential. By comparing of the reservior zones, it is resulted that zone 2 is containig more initial oil (65.5%) ratio volume. © IDOSI Publications, 2013.


Nasri M.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan | Sardoo F.S.,Jiroft University
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011

Flood is a natural demolishing phenomenon, forecast of which is of high importance. Estimation of rainfall-runoff and flood is a difficult task due to influence of different factors. So far, different methods have been proposed to analyze such phenomena. This study was conducted in the basin of Sheikh Bahaei Dam in Isfahan Province to prioritize areas influencing the flood peak discharge or in other words, to specify areas with highest flood potential. HEC-HMS hydrological model was used to simulate the flow in the hydrological units of the area. The results showed that areas near the output point of the basin play the highest role in flood development and should be placed in the first priority of watershed management. The results can remarkably contribute to the monitoring system of the area.


Nasri M.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan | Soleimani A.,Consulting Engineer Company
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011

Since water resources of desert Naein City are very limited, a approach which saves water resources and meanwhile meets the needs of the greenspace for water is to use city's sewage wastewater. Proper treatment of Naein's sewage up to the standards required for green space uses may solve some of the problems of green space development of the city. The present paper closely examines available statistics and information associated with city's sewage system, and determines complementary stages of sewage treatment facilities of the city. In the present paper, population, per capita water use, and required discharge for various greenspace pieces including different plants are calculated. Moreover, in order to facilitate the application of water resources, a Crude water distribution network apart from drinking water distribution network is designed, and a plan for mixing municipal wells' water with sewage wastewater in proposed mixing tanks is suggested. Hence, following greenspace irrigation reform and complementary plan, per capita greenspace of the city will be increased from current amount of 13.2 square meters to 32 square meters.


Emadi J.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan | Hashemi S.H.,Arak University
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011

The use of fiber reinforced plastics (FRP) in repairing and strengthening RC beams has been researched in recent years. In particular, attaching unidirectional FRP to the tension face of RC beams has provided an increase in stiffness and load capacity of the structure. However, due to the brittle nature of unidirectional FRP, the ductility of the beam decreases. Consequently, the safety of the structure is compromised due to the reduction in ductility. The purpose of this research is to investigate the behavior of high strength reinforced concrete beams strengthened with FRP sheets. The major test variables were included the different layouts of CFRP sheets and tensile reinforcement ratio. More particularly, the change in strength and ductility of the beams as the number of FRP layers and tensile reinforcement bar ratio are altered is investigated. Six underreinforced concrete beams were fabricated and tested to failure. With the exception of the control beam, one or four layers of CFRP were applied to the specimens.


Nejati Hafdani F.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan | Sadeghinia N.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011

In recent years application of natural antimicrobials instead of conventional ones, due to their hazardous effects on health, has got serious attentions. On the basis of the results of different studies, chitosan, a natural bio-degradable and non-toxic biopolysaccharide derived from chitin, has potential to be used as a natural antimicrobial. Chitosan has exhibited high antimicrobial activity against a wide variety of pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms, including fungi, and Gram-positive and Gramnegative bacteria. The antimicrobial action is influenced by intrinsic factors such as the type of chitosan, the degree of chitosan polymerization and extrinsic factors such as the microbial organism, the environmental conditions and presence of the other components. The use of chitosan in food systems should be based on sufficient knowledge of the complex mechanisms of its antimicrobial mode of action. In this article we review a number of studies on the investigation of chitosan antimicrobial properties and application of them in culture and food mediums.


Dalvi M.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan | Hamdami N.,Isfahan University of Technology
Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology | Year: 2011

Information on the thermophysical properties of the Iranian ultrafiltrated (UF) white cheese is very limited. In this research, those thermal properties determined experimentally were thermal conductivity, specific heat, density and water activity. The thermal conductivity and specific heat of Iranian ultrafiltrated white cheese (IUFWC) ranged from 0.447 to 0.480 W m-1 °C-1 and from 3.871 to 4.005 kJ kg-1 °C-1 for temperatures varying from 1°C to 23°C and from 1°C to 40°C, respectively. Both thermal conductivity and specific heat increased with moisture content and temperature. A three-step model predicting thermal conductivity as a function of cheese composition and temperature was developed based on the parallel and Maxwell models. The effective thermal conductivity predicted by the model developed was in good agreement with the experimental data. The modeling of density and water activity using non-linear regression concepts showed that density was highly affected by salt concentration and temperature; water activity was also strongly dependent on salt concentration and moisture content.


Hekmatpanah M.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011

The manufacturing is currently being used as a continuous quality improvement tool, providing a planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating framework for the quality improvement measures on a sustainable basis. An causeand-effect diagram, also known as a Ishikawa diagram or fishbone diagram, is often used in quality management in manufacturing Industries. Fishbone diagram (also known as Ishikawa diagram) was created with the goal of identifying and grouping the causes which generate a quality problem. Gradually, the method has been used also to group in categories the causes of other types of problems which an organization confronts with. This made Fishbone diagram become a very useful instrument in risk identification stage. In this paper, with using the six sigma technique and cause-and-effect diagram is used to demonstrate how to relate potential causes of a major presenting problem in Sepahan oil company. For this purpose, the four liter production line of the company has been selected for investigation. The findings imply that the application of cause-and-effect diagram has reduced the scraps from 50000 to 5000 ppm and has resulted in a 0.92% decrease of the oil waste.


Hekmatpanah M.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011

Since the beginning of human history, human activities have caused many changes in the environment. Today, a particular attention should be paid to gaining knowledge about water quality of wetlands which are pristine natural environments rich in genetic reserves. If qualitative conditions of industrial areas (in terms of both physicochemical and biological conditions) are not addressed properly, they could cause disruption in natural ecosystems, especially in rivers. With regards to the quality of water resources, determination of pollutant sources plays a pivotal role in engineering projects as well as designing water quality control systems. Thus, using different methods such as flow duration curves, dischargepollution load model and frequency analysis by HYFA software package, risk of various industrial pollutants in international and ecologically important Gavkhoni wetland is analyzed. In this study, a station located at Varzaneh City is used as the last station on Zayanderud River, from where the river water is discharged into the wetland. Results showed that elements' concentrations often exceeded the allowed level and river water can endanger regional ecosystem. In addition, if the river discharge is managed on Q25 basis, this basis can lower concentrations of elements, keeping them within the normal level.


Kadkhodaie A.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan | Bagheri M.,Islamic Azad University at Ardestan
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2011

Evaluation of crop plants resistance to environmental stresses specially in germination stage is a critical factor in their selection in different conditions of cultivation. Therefore use of a procedure in controllable situation can help to evaluate plants reaction to stress quickly and precisely. In order to study germination characteristics of flax in water and salinity stress conditions were conducted two laboratories experimental. The two experimental were conducted in 4-replicant completing random design for salinity and water stress. The treatment, for salinity and water stress was three potential (zero, 40, 80 mM) of NaCl and three potential (zero, -2, -4 bar) of PEG respectively. Germination percentage and rate, in addition to Radical and plumule length and dry-weight and plumule/Radical ration were measured. All of characteristics reduce under water stress conditions. salinity stress significant reduce germination rate and Radical and plumule length of flax seeds. Hydropriming and osmopriming significant increased germination rate, plumule length and plumule/Radical ration ration of flax seeds. But germination percentage and Radical and plumule dry weight significant increased only in hydropriming treat. Hydropriming and osmopriming could not be used to improved germination under saline and drought stress. But has more tolerance in salinity and drought stress in flax by less reduce in Radical and plumule length under saline and drought stress.

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