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Nagai M.,Ishikawa Prefectual Livestock Research Center | Nagai M.,Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology | Hori N.,Ishikawa Nanbu Livestock Hygiene Service Center | Miyamoto M.,Ishikawa Prefectual Livestock Research Center | And 6 more authors.
Animal Science Journal | Year: 2013

To improve embryo development in bovine separated blastomeres, we evaluated applicability of co-culture with intact embryos. The morphological quality of blastocysts derived from separated blastomeres and rate of blastocyst formation were only slightly increased when the cells were co-cultured with intact embryos, which did not provide significant differences when statistically analyzed. However, the cell count of inner cell mass (ICM), trophectoderm (TE) and total number of cells in Day 8 blastocysts were significantly higher when the cells were co-cultured with the intact embryos than those with the cells cultured individually (P<0.05). Transfer of four monozygotic pairs of blastocysts derived from the cells co-cultured with intact embryos led to three pregnancies even when the blastomeres were produced by in vitro maturation and in vitro fertilization of oocytes collected by ovum pick-up from elite cows. These results suggest that co-culturing with intact embryos may enhance development of bovine separated blastomere. © 2013 Japanese Society of Animal Science.

Minami F.,Ishikawa Nanbu Livestock Hygiene Service Center | Nagai M.,Ishikawa Prefectual Livestock Research Center | Ito M.,Ishikawa Nanbu Livestock Hygiene Service Center | Matsuda T.,Ishikawa Hokubu Livestock Hygiene Service Center | And 8 more authors.
Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) field isolates show genetic and antigenic diversity. At least 14 subgenotypes of BVDV-1 and 4 of BVDV-2 have been identified in Artiodactyla worldwide. Of these, 6 subgenotypes of BVDV-1 and 1 of BVDV-2 have been isolated in Japan. Previously, we reported that each subgenotype virus expresses different antigenic characteristics. Here we investigated the reactivity of neutralizing antibodies against representative strains of Japanese BVDV subgenotypes using sera from 266 beef cattle to estimate the prevalence of this epidemic virus among cattle in Japan. Antibody titers at concentrations at least 4-fold higher than antibodies against other subgenotype viruses were considered subgenotype specific. Subgenotype-specific antibodies were detected from 117 (80.7%) of 145 sera samples (69.7% against BVDV-1a, 1.4% against BVDV-1b, 8.3% against BVDV-1c, and 1.4% against BVDV-2a). The results suggest that neutralization tests are useful in estimating currently epidemic subgenotypes of BVDV in the field. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.

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