Isfahan University of Technology
Esfahan, Iran

Isfahan University of Technology is one of the most prestigious engineering universities in Iran. It is located 15 Kilometers north west of Isfahan and is one of the major universities and research poles in Iran in the fields of science, engineering and agriculture. It has its own dorms, shopping center, sports & recreation centers and medical centers on the campus. This university enjoys the advantages of being situated in the vicinity of the historical, industrial, and commercial city of Isfahan; a city with a long-standing tradition in science, art and culture as well as a leading center of technological activities in present-day Iran.Isfahan university of technology is not to be confused with University of Isfahan which is located in southern Isfahan. Wikipedia.

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Saraji M.,Isfahan University of Technology | Boroujeni M.K.,Isfahan University of Technology
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2014

During the past 7 years and since the introduction of dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME), the method has gained widespread acceptance as a simple, fast, and miniaturized sample preparation technique. Owing to its simplicity of operation, rapidity, low cost, high recovery, and low consumption of organic solvents and reagents, it has been applied for determination of a vast variety of organic and inorganic compounds in different matrices. This review summarizes the DLLME principles, historical developments, and various modes of the technique, recent trends, and selected applications. The main focus is on recent technological advances and important applications of DLLME. In this review, six important aspects in the development of DLLME are discussed: (1) the type of extraction solvent, (2) the type of disperser solvent, (3) combination of DLLME with other extraction methods, (4) automation of DLLME, (5) derivatization reactions in DLLME, and (6) the application of DLLME for metal analysis. Literature published from 2010 to April 2013 is covered. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Jannesari M.,Isfahan University of Technology
International journal of nanomedicine | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to develop novel biomedicated nanofiber electrospun mats for controlled drug release, especially drug release directly to an injury site to accelerate wound healing. Nanofibers of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc), and a 50:50 composite blend, loaded with ciprofloxacin HCl (CipHCl), were successfully prepared by an electrospinning technique for the first time. The morphology and average diameter of the electrospun nanofibers were investigated by scanning electron microscopy. X-ray diffraction studies indicated an amorphous distribution of the drug inside the nanofiber blend. Introducing the drug into polymeric solutions significantly decreased solution viscosities as well as nanofiber diameter. In vitro drug release evaluations showed that both the kind of polymer and the amount of drug loaded greatly affected the degree of swelling, weight loss, and initial burst and rate of drug release. Blending PVA and PVAc exhibited a useful and convenient method for electrospinning in order to control the rate and period of drug release in wound healing applications. Also, the thickness of the blend nanofiber mats strongly influenced the initial release and rate of drug release.

Hajian-Hoseinabadi H.,Isfahan University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery | Year: 2011

Automation can significantly enhance substation reliability by speeding up service restoration. Although much research works has been done in reliability assessment of substation control systems, there are still several aspects that need to be considered in automated substation reliability evaluation. The impacts of automation system on substation reliability indices have not been comprehensively covered in the literature so far. This paper aims at presenting a comprehensive technique to quantitatively assess the reliability of the automated substations. The technique is based on the event tree methodology and the concepts of conditional probability technique. A step by step evaluation procedure is presented using a typical substation automation architecture known as simple star. The proposed technique is applied to some conventional substation configurations to examine the effectiveness of the technique and also to examine the level of reliability improvement achieved by automation. Furthermore, different sensitivity analyses have been carried out for both automatic switching action and a specific automated substation. The proposed strategy is easy to implement and suitable to analyze for an automated substation reliability with arbitrary automation architectures. Also, automated substation reliability assessment tools can be developed in detail, and can be catered to the specific needs of substation design. © 2011 IEEE.

Copper decorated WO3-TiO2 nanotubes (Cu/WTNs) with a high photocatalytic activity were prepared by anodizing and photochemical deposition. Highly ordered WO3-TiO2 nanotubes (WTNs) on pure titanium foils were successfully fabricated by electrochemical anodizing and copper deposited on these nanotubes (Cu/WTNs) by photoreduction method. The resulting samples were characterized by various methods. Only the anatase phase was detected by X-ray diffraction analysis. The presence of copper in the structure of thin films was confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry and X-ray diffraction. The extension of optical absorption into the visible region of as-prepared films was indicated by UV/Vis spectroscopy. The degradation of methylene blue was used as a model reaction to evaluate the photocatalytic activity of the obtained samples. Results showed that the photocatalytic activity of Cu/WTNs samples is higher than bare WTNs sample. Kinetic research showed that the reaction rate constant of Cu/WTNs is approximately 2.5 times higher than the apparent reaction rate constant of bare WTNs. These results not only offer an economical method for constructing Cu/WTNs photocatalysts, but also shed new insight on the rational design of a low cost and high-efficiency photocatalyst for environmental remediation. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Jafari M.T.,Isfahan University of Technology
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2011

In this research work, the capability of low-temperature plasma (LTP) as an ionization source for ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) has been investigated for the first time. This new ionization source enhances the potential of IMS as a portable analytical tool and allows direct analysis of various chemical compounds without having to evaporate the analyte or seek a solvent or reagent whatsoever. The effects of parameters such as the flow rate of the discharge gas, plasma voltage, and positioning of the LTP on the IMS signal were investigated. The positive reactant ions generated by the LTP ionization source were similar to those created in a corona discharge ionization source, where the proton clusters (H2O), H+)are the most abundant reactant ion, and in the negative mode, in addition to a saturated electron peak, several negative reactant ions (e.g., NOx) were observed too. These reactant ions subsequently ionized the gaseous samples directly and liquids or solids after evaporation by plasma desorption. The ion mobility spectra of a few selected compounds, including explosives, drugs, and amines, were obtained to evaluate the new ionization source in positive and negative modes, and the reduced mobility values (K0) of the originated ions were calculated. Furthermore, the method has also been applied to obtain the figures of merit for acetaminophen as a test compound. The results obtained are promising enough to ensure the use of LTP as a desorption/ionization source in IMS for analytical applications. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

Karimi K.,Isfahan University of Technology | Zamani A.,Isfahan University of Technology
Biotechnology Advances | Year: 2013

Mucor indicus, one of the most important strains of zygomycetes fungi, has been the subject of several studies since a couple of hundred years ago. This fungus, regarded as a non-pathogenic dimorphic microorganism, is used for production of several beers and foods. Morphology of the fungus can be manipulated and well controlled by changing a number of parameters. Furthermore, M. indicus can grow on a variety of substrates including lignocellulosic hydrolysates which are mixtures of hexoses, pentoses, and different severe fermentation inhibitors. Indeed, high yield ethanol production is among the most important features of this strain. Presence of considerable amounts of chitosan in the cell wall is another important aspect of the fungus. Besides production of ethanol and chitosan, the biomass of this fungus has shown a great potential to be used as a rich nutritional source, e.g. fish feed. The fungus is also among the oleaginous fungi and produces high amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids particularly γ-linolenic acid. Furthermore, the biomass autolysate has a high potential for yeast extract replacement in fermentation by the fungus. Additionally, the strain has shown promising results in heavy metal removal from wastewaters. This review discusses different aspects of biology and industrial application perspectives of M. indicus. Furthermore, open areas for the future basic and applied levels of research are also presented. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Sohankar A.,Isfahan University of Technology
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids | Year: 2012

This paper describes a numerical study of the two-dimensional and three-dimensional unsteady flow over two square cylinders arranged in an in-line configuration for Reynolds numbers from 40 to 1000 and a gap spacing of 4D, where D is the cross-sectional dimension of the cylinders. The effect of the cylinder spacing, in the range G=0.3D to 12D, was also studied for selected Reynolds numbers, that is, Re=130, 150 and 500. An incompressible finite volume code with a collocated grid arrangement was employed to carry out the flow simulations. Instantaneous and time-averaged and spanwise-averaged vorticity, pressure, and streamlines are computed and compared for different Reynolds numbers and gap spacings. The time averaged global quantities such as the Strouhal number, the mean and the RMS values of the drag force, the base suction pressure, the lift force and the pressure coefficient are also calculated and compared with the results of a single cylinder. Three major regimes are distinguished according to the normalized gap spacing between cylinders, that is, the single slender-body regime (G<0.5), the reattach regime (G<4) and co-shedding or binary vortex regime (G ≥4). Hysteresis with different vortex patterns is observed in a certain range of the gap spacings and also for the onset of the vortex shedding. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd..

Jabbari M.,Isfahan University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2011

A mechanism for power processing is presented, in which a certain amount of energy is transferred from the source to the output in each cycle. The result is establishing a family of resonant converters so-called switched-resonator converters. The basic nonisolated formation presented in this paper exhibits a collection of 23 simple dcdc converters. All topologies are inherently soft switched and systematically synthesized. A plenary analysis of the proposed converters is presented. © 2011 IEEE.

Mallakpour S.,Isfahan University of Technology | Zadehnazari A.,Isfahan University of Technology
Carbon | Year: 2013

The high compatibility of amino-acid based poly(amide-imide) (PAI) as a polymer matrix for acid-modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is discussed. PAI was synthesized from the direct polycondensation reaction of N,N′-(pyromellitoyl)-bis-l-isoleucine with a dopamine-based diamine, 3,5-diamino-N-(3,4-dihydroxy-phenethyl)benzamide, in a medium consisting of a molten salt, tetrabutylammonium bromide, and triphenyl phosphite as the activator under microwave radiation. To obtain a homogeneous dispersion of MWCNTs in the PAI matrix, acid-functionalized MWCNTs were used. Composites containing 5, 10, and 15 wt.% MWCNT-COOH exhibited a relatively good dispersion on the macroscopic scale. MWCNT/PAI composite films have been prepared by casting a solution of precursor polymer containing MWCNTs into a thin film and its tensile properties examined. Incorporation of MWCNTs improved the mechanical properties significantly. Composites were also characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and thermal gravimetric analysis. The thermal stability of the composites containing the CNTs was improved due to the increased interfacial interaction between the PAI matrix and the modified CNTs and their good dispersion. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Moslehi G.,Isfahan University of Technology | Mahnam M.,Isfahan University of Technology
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2011

The job-shop scheduling problem is one of the most arduous combinatorial optimization problems. Flexible job-shop problem is an extension of the job-shop problem that allows an operation to be processed by any machine from a given set along different routes. This paper present a new approach based on a hybridization of the particle swarm and local search algorithm to solve the multi-objective flexible job-shop scheduling problem. The particle swarm optimization is a highly efficient and a new evolutionary computation technique inspired by birds' flight and communication behaviors. The multi-objective particle swarm algorithm is applied to the flexible job-shop scheduling problem based on priority. Also the presented approach will be evaluated for their efficiency against the results reported for similar algorithms (weighted summation of objectives and Pareto approaches). The results indicate that the proposed algorithm satisfactorily captures the multi-objective flexible job-shop problem and competes well with similar approaches. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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