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Khazaie Y.,Royan Institute for Biotechnology | Nasr Esfahani M.H.,Royan Institute for Biotechnology | Nasr Esfahani M.H.,Isfahan Fertility and Infertility Center
International Journal of Fertility and Sterility

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding single stranded RNA molecules that are physiologically produced in eukaryotic cells to regulate or mostly down-regulate genes by pairing with their complementary base-sequence in related mRNA molecules in the cytoplasm. It has been reported that other than its function in many physiological cell processes, dysregulation of miRNAs plays a role in the development of many diseases. In this short review, the association between miRNAs and some male reproductive disorders is surveyed. Male factor Infertility is a devastating problem from which a notable percentage of couples suffer. However, the molecular mechanism of many infertility disorders has not been clearly elucidated. Since miRNAs have an important role in numerous biological cell processes and cellular dysfunctions, it is of interest to review the related literature on the role of miRNAs in the male reproductive organs. Aberrant expression of specific miRNAs is associated with certain male reproductive dysfunctions. For this reason, assessment of expression of such miRNAs may serve as a suitable molecular biomarker for diagnosis of those male infertility disorders. The presence of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the miRNAs' binding site in its targeted mRNA has been reported to have an association with idiopathic male infertility. Also, a relation with male infertility has been shown with SNP in the genes of the factors necessary for miRNA biogenesis. Therefore, focusing on the role of miRNAs in male reproductive disorders can further elucidate the molecular mechanisms of male infertility and generate the potential for locating efficient biomarkers and therapeutic agents for these disorders. Source

Razavi S.H.,University of Isfahan | Nasr-Esfahani M.H.,Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology | Nasr-Esfahani M.H.,Isfahan Fertility and Infertility Center | Deemeh M.R.,University of Tehran | And 2 more authors.

Sperm selection parameters based on morphology and motility for ICSI might not be relevant to chromatin integrity. Thus sperm selection based on sperm characteristics has been suggested. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of the zeta and hyaluronic acid (HA) sperm selection procedures with neat semen, for recovering spermatozoa with normal morphology, protamine content and DNA integrity in infertile men. Semen samples from 77 infertile couples were assessed during this study. Semen analysis was carried out according to World Health Organization criteriarotamine content, DNA integrity and sperm morphology were assessed by chromomycin A3, sperm chromatin dispersion and Papanicolaou staining respectively. The results show that both HA and zeta methods were efficient to recover spermatozoa with normal morphology and protamine content. In terms of the latter parameters, there was no superiority between the two procedures. However, in terms of DNA integrity, the zeta method was more efficient compared with the control and HA procedure and no significant difference was observed between HA and the controls. Therefore, the zeta method appears to be a suitable procedure to recover spermatozoa with normal DNA integrity. © 2009 Blackwell Verlag GmbH. Source

Bassiri F.,Royan Institute for Animal Biotechnology | Bassiri F.,Islamic Azad University at Damghan | Tavalaee M.,Royan Institute for Animal Biotechnology | Shiravi A.H.,Islamic Azad University at Damghan | And 4 more authors.
Human Reproduction

background: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is the primary treatment for male infertility. However for this procedure, with the exception of visual morphological selection, there is no standardization for sperm selection. Recently, the hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) has been proposed to potentially select sperm with intact membranes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the ability of this technique to select functional sperm in terms of apoptosis and morphology, as well as nuclear integrity. methods: A total of 20 semen samples were randomly collected from men who attended the Andrology Unit of the Isfahan Fertility and Infertility Center. Semen samples were washed and exposed to hypotonic conditions, before being fixed and simultaneously assessed for membrane integrity as well as abnormal morphology, DNA fragmentation and protamine deficiency by using Papanicolaou, TUNEL and CMA3 staining techniques, respectively. The remaining semen samples were washed with calcium buffer and stained by Annexin V, then exposed to hypotonic conditions before being assessed for early apoptosis along with membrane integrity. results: HOST grade 'd', followed by grade 'c', showed the highest percentages of healthy sperm, whereas sperm of HOST grade 'g' in which anomalies in terms of apoptosis, abnormal head morphology or nuclear immaturity or membrane damage, were most frequently observed in the samples assessed. conclusions: Integration of HOST into the sperm selection procedure may provide a valuable tool for selection of functional sperm required for ICSI. According to this study, insemination of HOST grade 'g' sperm should be avoided during ICSI. © The Author 2012. Source

Tavalaee M.,Royan Institute for Animal Biotechnology | Deemeh M.R.,Royan Institute for Animal Biotechnology | Arbabian M.,Royan Institute for Animal Biotechnology | Nasr-Esfahani M.H.,Royan Institute for Animal Biotechnology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics

Purpose: Although, at present, the selection of sperm prior to ICSI is based on motility and morphology, undetectable anomalies, and more importantly damaged DNA are overlooked. In this regard, novel sperm selection procedures have gained much interest. For instance, sperm has been selected by Magnetic-Activated Cell Sorting (MACS) based on early apoptotic marker, the externalization of phosphatidylserine (EPS). Review of the literature has revealed that the efficiency of this technique has been mainly evaluated post Density Gradient Centrifugation (DGC). Therefore, there is a need to prove the efficiency of this technique independent of DGC. In addition, considering the fact that DGC induces EPS due to capacitation and acrosome reaction, therefore, the role of MACS before DGC(MACS-DGC) and MACS after DGC (DGC-MACS) should be assessed. Methods: Semen samples from fifteen infertile men were divided into three separate fractions: control, DGC, and MACS. To carry out DGC-MACS, DGC samples were further divided into two fractions and MACS was carried on the second fractions. Similarly to carry out MACS-DGC, the MACS samples were further divided into two fractions and DGC was carried on the second fractions. Percentages of sperm with normal morphology, DNA fragmentation, protamine deficiency, EPS and caspase-3 activity were determined in each fraction. Results: DGC is more efficient than MACS in separating intact sperm only in terms of normal morphology, DNA and chromatin integrity but not for active caspase. However, a combination of these procedures was more efficient than a single procedure to separate intact sperm for the aforementioned parameters. Comparison of the combined procedures showed only higher efficiency to separate active caspase in the MACS-DGC group. Conclusion: Based on these results, we propose MACS-DGC rather than DGC-MACS to be implemented in clinical settings. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Deemeh M.R.,Royan Institute for Biotechnology | Tavalaee M.,Royan Institute for Biotechnology | Nasr-Esfahani M.H.,Royan Institute for Biotechnology | Nasr-Esfahani M.H.,Isfahan Fertility and Infertility Center
Reproductive Sciences

Artificial oocyte activation (AOA) has shown to improve fertility in severe male infertility following intracytoplasmic sperm insemination (ICSI). However, the effect of AOA on the health status of children has not been studied. This pilot historical cohort study aims to evaluate physical and mental health of 79 and 89 children from 275 and 406 couples undergoing ICSI-AOA using ionomycin and conventional ICSI, respectively. The outcomes assessed were clinical pregnancy, abortion, type of delivery, and health of children (major birth defect, mental and behavior status). No significant differences were observed between the ICSI-AOA and the ICSI groups for these parameters, and the rate of major birth defects were not significantly different between the 2 groups. In this study, AOA has not imposed a greater risk on physical and mental health of children born through AOA, but for such a solid conclusion, further trails with higher number of cases are required and conclusions drawn are limited to this study. © The Author(s) 2014. Source

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