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Shemirani H.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Khosravi A.,Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute | Hemmati R.,Elam University of Medical science | Gharipou M.,Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute
International Journal of Preventive Medicine | Year: 2012

Background: Numerous studies have now demonstrated that heart failure with a normal ejection fraction (HFnlEF) is common. Hypertension is also the most commonly associated cardiac condition in patients with HFnlEF. Despite the observed link between microalbuminuria, obesity, and cardiovascular disorders, this question has remained - 'Which is more important for the prediction and prevention of diastolic dysfunction in non-diabetic hypertensive patients?' Methods: The current study was a cross-section study conducted on a total of 126 non-diabetic hypertensive patients screened to identify those with hypertension. Urine creatinine was measured by the picric acid method and urine albumin content was measured by a sensitive, nephelometric technique. The urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) was determined as an indicator of microalbuminuria. Complete two-dimensional, doppler, and tissue-doppler echocardiography was performed and the recording of the diastolic function parameters was carried out. Results: High body mass index and high systolic blood pressure were positively correlated with the appearance of left ventricular hypertrophy, whereas, the UACR index had no significant relationship with hypertrophy. Multivariable analysis also showed that advanced age and systolic blood pressure were significantly associated with the E/E annulus parameter. Conclusion: According to our investigation obesity is more important than microalbuminuria for the prediction and prevention of diastolic dysfunction in non-diabetic hypertensive patients.

Khosravi-Boroujeni H.,Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center | Sarrafzadegan N.,Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute | Mohammadifard N.,Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute | Alikhasi H.,Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute | And 3 more authors.
Obesity Facts | Year: 2012

Background: Few data are available linking intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with the metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, findings from these studies are inconsistent and most are from Western societies; no information is available in this regard from Middle Eastern populations. Objective: This study was conducted to assess the relationship between SSB consumption and metabolic syndrome in an Iranian adult population. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data from 1,752 people (782 men and 970 women) that were selected with the multistage cluster random sampling method from three counties of Isfahan, Najafabad and Arak were used. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to assess participants' usual dietary intakes. Consumption of SSBs was calculated by summing up the consumption of 'soft drinks' and 'artificially sweetened fruit juices'. To categorize participants, we used three levels of SSB consumption: <1 time/week, 1-3 times/week, and >3 times/week. Biochemical assessments were done after an overnight fasting. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the guidelines of Adult Treatment Panel III. Results: Subjects with high consumption of SSBs (>3 times/week) were younger than those with low consumption (<1 time/week). Mean BMI was not significantly different across SSB categories. High consumption of SSBs was associated with greater intakes of energy and almost all food groups. We found a significant difference in serum triglyceride levels between men consuming SSBs 1-3 times/week and those consuming <1 time/week. However, after controlling for potential confounders, this association disappeared. In crude models, no significant associations were found between SSB intake and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in either gender. After adjustment for potential confounders including BMI, we found that men in the top category of SSB intake were 17% more likely to have the metabolic syndrome (odds ratio (OR) 1.17; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.56-2.46), while women in the highest category were 20% less likely to have the syndrome (OR 0.80; 95% CI 0.46-1.42) as compared with those in the bottom category. However, these associations were not significant in either men or women. Conclusion: Our results do not support the previous findings on the association between SSB consumption and metabolic syndrome. Prospective studies are needed to further explore for this association. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg.

Golabchi A.,Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute | Golabchi A.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Basati F.,University of Isfahan | Kargarfard M.,University of Isfahan | Sadeghi M.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
ARYA Atherosclerosis | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend cardiac rehabilitation programs (CRP) as a means to improve functional status of patients after coronary revascularization. However, research supporting this recommendation has been limited and positive effects of CRP on diastolic function are controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an 8-week CRP on left ventricular diastolic function. METHODS: This randomized, clinical trial included 29 men with ST elevation myocardial infarction (MI) who had received reperfusion therapy, i.e. coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). They were randomized to a training group (n = 15; mean age: 54.2 ± 9.04 years old) and a control group (n = 14; mean age: 51.71 ± 6.98 years old). Patients in the training group performed an 8-week CRP with an intensity of 60-85% of maximum heart rate. Exercise sessions lasted 60-90 minutes and were held three times a week. At the start and end of the study, all patients performed symptom-limited exercise test based on Naughton treadmill protocol. Pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography was also used to determine peak velocity of early (E) and late (A) waves, E/A ratios, and the deceleration time of E (DT). RESULTS: Left ventricular diastolic indices (E, A, E/A ratio, DT) did not change significantly after the CRP. Compared to baseline, patients in the training group had significant improvements in functional capacity (8.30 ± 1.30 vs. 9.7 ± 1.7) and maximum heart rate (118.50 ± 24.48 vs. 126.85 ± 22.75). Moreover, resting heart rate of the training group was significantly better than the control group at the end of the study (75.36 ± 7.94 vs. 79.80 ± 7.67; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: An 8-week CRP in post-MI patients revascularized with PCI or CABG led to improved exercise capacity. However, the CRP failed to enhance diastolic function.

Gheshlaghi F.,Isfahan Clinical Toxicology Research Center | Piri-Ardakani M.-R.,Medical Students Research Center | Masoumi G.R.,Isfahan Clinical Toxicology Research Center | Behjati M.,Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute | Paydar P.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences | Year: 2015

Background: The most common drug abuse among athletes is anabolic steroids which lead to the development of cardiovascular diseases and sudden death. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular outcomes of anabolic consumption in body building athletes. Materials and Methods: Totally, 267 male athletes at the range of 20-45 years old with the regular consumption of anabolic steroids for >2 months with at least once weekly. High-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), triglyceride (TG), and hematocrit (Hct) levels were measured after 10 h of fasting. Data analysis was performed using K2, t-test, ANOVA and correlation coefficient through SPSS 17. Results: There was a nonsignificant difference between groups regarding HDL, TG, and total cholesterol. There was a significant decrease in the total and categorized LDL and Hct levels in consumers of anabolic steroid versus nonusers (P = 0.01 and P = 0.041, respectively). Results showed a significant increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) in anabolic steroid users which associates with duration of abuse (P = 0.02 and P = 0.03, respectively). No significant electrocardiography changes were found within the follow-up period. Conclusion: Increase in SBP or DBP is a common complication of these drugs which can lead serious vascular disorders. The lower LDL cholesterol level might be due to the higher amounts of lipid consumption in these athletes. © 2015, Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. All right reserved.

Nekouei Z.K.,Islamic Azad University | Neshatdoost H.,University of Isfahan | Yousefy A.,Isfahan University of Medical Sciences | Sadeghei M.,Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute | Manshaee G.,Islamic Azad University
ARYA Atherosclerosis | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: Although psychological factors play an important role in coronary heart diseases (CHD), it seems there is a need for more researches in this respect. The present study aimed to review psychological factors, including depression, anxiety and stress related to etiology and prognosis of CHD. METHODS: This was a review on medical and psychological literatures, particularly in the years 1995-2012. RESULTS: As protective factor or risk factor, psychological factors play an important role in CHD. CONCLUSION: Given the findings of this study, it seems necessary that we pay attention to psychological factors, as independent risk factors or protective factors for CHD.

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