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Isehara, Japan

Matsumoto M.,Keio University | Okada E.,Keio University | Ichihara D.,Keio University | Chiba K.,Keio University | And 8 more authors.
Spine | Year: 2010

Study Design: A prospective 10-year follow-up study of patients with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) and asymptomatic volunteers. Objective: To clarify long-term impact of whiplash injury on patient's symptoms and on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of the cervical spine. Summary of background data: Long-term prognosis of WAD has not been fully elucidated. Methods: Between 1993 and 1996, we conducted cross-sectional comparative study of 508 acute WAD patients and 497 asymptomatic volunteers, all of whom underwent MRI of the cervical spine. For this follow-up study, 133 WAD patients and 223 control subjects were recruited again. All participants underwent follow-up MRI and physical examination, and answered to questionnaires regarding neck symptoms. Evaluation of MRI included decrease in signal intensity of discs, posterior disc protrusion, disc space narrowing, and foraminal stenosis using 2 to 4 numerical grades. Increase in the numerical grades by one or more was considered to be progression of degenerative changes. Results: Progression of decrease in signal intensity was observed in 109 WAD patients (82.0%), and 132 control subjects (59.2%), (age, sex adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 3.06), posterior disc protrusion in 101 (75.9%) and in 155 (69.5%) (OR = 1.46), disc space narrowing in 33 (24.8%) and in 59 (26.5%) (OR = 0.98), and foraminal stenosis in 6 (4.5%), and in 20 (9.0%) (OR = 0.52), respectively. Neck pain was observed in 34 WAD patients (25.6%) and 22 control subjects (9.9%) (P < 0.0001). There was no statistically significant correlation between neck pain and progression in each MR finding in either group. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that, although some WAD patients are more likely to suffer from long-lasting neck pain, MRI findings cannot explain the symptoms. © 2010, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Matsumoto M.,Keio University | Okada E.,Keio University | Ichihara D.,Keio University | Watanabe K.,Keio University | And 9 more authors.
Spine | Year: 2010

Study Design. Prospective 10-year follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of patients who underwent anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) and healthy control subjects. Objective. To clarify the incidence of adjacent segment degeneration during 10 years after ACDF. Summary of Background Data. There have been few studies which investigated incidence of progression of degenerative changes at adjacent segments in patients treated by ACDF comparing with healthy subjects. Methods. Sixty-four patients who underwent ACDF (48 males, 16 females, mean age 47.3 years, mean follow-up 12.1 year) and 201 asymptomatic volunteers who underwent MRI in our previous study (113 males, 88 females, mean age; 41.1 year, mean follow-up; 11.7 years) were included in this study. The patients and control subjects underwent follow-up MRI in this study. Following MR findings were evaluated using a numerical grading system from C2-C3-C7-T1: (1) Decrease in signal intensity of disc (DSI), (2) Posterior disc protrusion (PDP), (3) Disc space narrowing, and (4) Foraminal stenosis. When an increase in at least one grade in any of the radiographic parameters was detected between the 2 time points, progression of disc degeneration was judged as present at the level of interest. Results. Progression of DSI was significantly more frequent in ACDF group than in control group at C4-C5, while progression of PDP was significantly more frequent in ACDF group than in control group at all levels except for C5-C6. Progression of disc space narrowing and foraminal stenosis was significantly more frequent in ACDF group at C3-C4 and at C6-C7, respectively. Conclusion. Although both ACDF patients and control subjects demonstrated progression of disc degeneration during 10 years, ACDF patients had significantly higher incidence of progression of disc degeneration at adjacent segments than control subjects, while progression of disc degeneration at adjacent segments was not always related to development of clinical symptoms. © 2009, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Matsumoto M.,Keio University | Okada E.,Keio University | Ichihara D.,Keio University | Watanabe K.,Keio University | And 7 more authors.
Spine | Year: 2010

Study Design.: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study on degeneration of the thoracic spine in asymptomatic subjects. Objective.: To investigate the incidence of degenerative MRI findings of the thoracic spine in asymptomatic subjects and to identify factors related to the degeneration of the thoracic discs. Summary of Background Data.: Studies on age-related degenerative changes of the thoracic spine are scarce. Methods.: Ninety-four asymptomatic Japanese volunteers (48 men and 46 women, mean age of 48.0 ± 13.4 years) underwent MRI of the thoracic and cervical spine and filled the questionnaire regarding life styles. The items evaluated on MRI using a numerical grading system were (1) decrease in the signal intensity of the intervertebral discs (DSI), (2) posterior disc protrusion (PDP), (3) anterior compression of the dural sac (ACD), and (4) disc space narrowing. Association between each degenerative MRI finding and several factors, including age, sex, smoking, sports, body mass index, and degeneration of cervical spine was investigated. Results.: Forty-four (46.8%) patients demonstrated positive degenerative MRI findings at 1 or more thoracic intervertebral levels. The percentage of the subjects with positive MRI findings was 37.2% in DSI, 30.9% in PDP, 29.8% in ACD, and 4.3% in disc space narrowing. The percentages of all MRI findings increased with aging. In 85 (90.4%) patients, degenerative MRI findings were positive in the cervical spine. DSI was significantly associated with age (odds ratio, 11.21, 95% confidence interval, 2.70-46.5), PDP with age (3.44, 1.02-16.61), smoking (4.94, 1.55-15.71) and presence of PDP in the cervical spine (4.25, 1.01-17.92), and ACD was associated with smoking (3.99, 1.28-12.44). Conclusion.: Degenerative changes in the thoracic spine on MRI was observed in approximately half of the asymptomatic subjects, whereas their incidences were less frequent than those in the cervical spine. Factors significantly associated with degenerative changes in the thoracic spine included age, smoking, and degeneration in the cervical spine. © 2010, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Sato T.,Kitasato University | Amano H.,Kitasato University | Ito Y.,Kitasato University | Eshima K.,Kitasato University | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Background: Angiogenesis is essential for gastric ulcer healing. Recent results suggest that vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1), which binds to VEGF, promotes angiogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the role of VEGFR1 signaling in gastric ulcer healing and angiogenesis. Methods: Gastric ulcers were induced by serosal application of 100 % acetic acid in wild-type (WT) and tyrosine kinase-deficient VEGFR1 mice (VEGFR1 TK-/-). Bone marrow transplantation into irradiated WT mice was carried out using bone marrow cells isolated from WT and VEGFR1 TK -/- mice. Results: Ulcer healing was delayed in VEGFR1 TK -/- mice compared to WT mice and this was accompanied by decreased angiogenesis, as evidenced by reduced mRNA levels of CD31 and decreased microvessel density. Recruitment of cells expressing VEGFR1 and C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) was suppressed and epidermal growth factor (EGF) expression in ulcer granulation tissue was attenuated. Treatment of WT mice with neutralizing antibodies against VEGF or CXCR4 also delayed ulcer healing. In WT mice transplanted with bone marrow cells from VEGFR1 TK-/- mice, ulcer healing and angiogenesis were suppressed, and this was associated with reduced recruitment of bone marrow cells to ulcer granulation tissue. VEGFR1 TK-/- bone marrow chimeras also exhibited downregulation of EGF expression on CXCR4+VEGFR1+ cells recruited from the bone marrow into ulcer lesions. Conclusion: VEGFR1-mediated signaling plays a critical role in gastric ulcer healing and angiogenesis through enhanced EGF expression on VEGFR1+CXCR4+ cells recruited from the bone marrow into ulcer granulation tissue. © 2013 Springer. Source

Nishimura T.,Keio University | Fujita-Suzuki Y.,Japan BCG Central Laboratory | Yonemaru M.,Isehara Kyodo Hospital | Ohkusu K.,Tokyo Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2015

We report a case of recurrent disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (DMAC) disease with anti-gamma interferon autoantibodies. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case caused by reinfection with a separate isolate of M. avium. DMAC disease activity was monitored using serum IgG antibody titers against lipid antigens extracted from a MAC strain. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source

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