Isehara Kyodo Hospital

Isehara, Japan

Isehara Kyodo Hospital

Isehara, Japan

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Matsumoto M.,Keio University | Ichihara D.,Keio University | Okada E.,Keio University | Chiba K.,Keio University | And 5 more authors.
Injury | Year: 2012

Introduction: Long-term follow-up studies focusing on the posterior extensor muscles in patients suffering from whiplash injury are scarce. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the changes in the posterior extensor muscles 10 years after whiplash injury. Methods: Twenty-three patients who had suffered from whiplash injury in 1994-1996 and had undergone MRI using a 1.5-T superconductive imager participated in this follow-up study (13 males, 10 females, mean age 51.8 years, mean follow-up 11.5 years). In addition, 60 healthy volunteers who had undergone MRI in the same period were included as controls (36 males, 24 females, mean age 47.8 years, mean follow-up 11.1 years). All participants underwent follow-up MRI. The cross-sectional areas of the deep posterior muscles (CSA) including the multifidus, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, and splenius capitis were digitally measured at C3-4, C4-5, and C5-6 using NIH image. The long-term changes in the CSA were compared between the two groups. In addition, correlations between the CSA and cervical spine-related symptoms were evaluated. Results: The mean total CSA per patient (the sum of the area from C3-4 to C5-6) was 4811.6 ± 878.4 mm 2 in the whiplash patients and 4494.9 ± 1032.7 mm 2 in the controls at the initial investigation (p = 0.20), and 5173.4 ± 946.1 mm 2 and 4713.0 ± 1065.3 mm 2 at the follow-up (p = 0.07). The mean change in CSA over time was 361.8 ± 804.9 mm 2 in the whiplash patients and 218.1 ± 520.7 mm 2 in the controls (p = 0.34). Ten whiplash patients (43.5%) had neck pain and 11 (47.8%) had shoulder stiffness. However, there was no difference in the change in CSA over time between the symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Conclusions: There was no significant difference in the change in CSA between whiplash patients and healthy volunteers after a 10-year follow-up period. In both groups, the cross-sectional area slightly increased at follow-up. In addition, there was no association between the change in CSA and clinical symptoms such as neck and shoulder pain. These results suggest that whiplash injury is not associated with symptomatic atrophy of the posterior cervical muscles over the long term. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Matsumoto M.,Keio University | Ichihara D.,Keio University | Okada E.,Keio University | Toyama Y.,Keio University | And 4 more authors.
Injury | Year: 2013

Introduction: There are few studies on Modic changes of the cervical spine in patients suffering from whiplash. This study compared Modic changes seen in whiplash patients 10 years after the injury with those observed in asymptomatic volunteers. Methods: This is a follow-up study of 133 patients who suffered whiplash injuries in 1994-1996 and underwent MRI with a superconductive imager (63 men, 70 women, mean age 49.6 ± 15.3 years, mean follow-up 11.4 years). In addition, 223 healthy volunteers who underwent MRI during the same period were included as controls (123 men, 100 women, mean age 50.5 ± 15.0 years, mean follow-up 11.6 years). All participants underwent follow-up MRI. We examined all participants for Modic changes, and investigated relationships between Modic changes and clinical symptoms or potentially related factors. Results: Modic changes were observed in 4 patients (3%) and at 7 intervertebral levels in the initial study, and in 17 patients (12.8%) and at 30 intervertebral levels at the follow-up. Modic Type 2 changes were the most prevalent in the whiplash patients in both the initial and follow-up studies. There was no significant difference in the percentage of whiplash patients versus control subjects with positive Modic changes, either at the initial study or at follow-up. Modic changes were not related to clinical symptoms present at follow-up, but were associated with preexisting disc degeneration. There was no association between Modic changes and the details of the car accident that caused the injury. Conclusions: While Modic changes became more common in whiplash patients in the 10-year period after the accident, they occurred with a similar frequency in control subjects. We did not find any association between Modic changes and the nature of the car accident in which the whiplash occurred. Modic changes found in whiplash patients may be a result of the physiological ageing process rather than pathological findings relating to the whiplash injury. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Matsumoto M.,Keio University | Okada E.,Keio University | Ichihara D.,Keio University | Chiba K.,Keio University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B | Year: 2012

We conducted a prospective follow-up MRI study of originally asymptomatic healthy subjects to clarify the development of Modic changes in the cervical spine over a ten-year period and to identify related factors. Previously, 497 asymptomatic healthy volunteers with no history of cervical trauma or surgery underwent MRI. Of these, 223 underwent a second MRI at a mean follow-up of 11.6 years (10 to 12.7). These 223 subjects comprised 133 men and 100 women with a mean age at second MRI of 50.5 years (23 to 83). Modic changes were classified as not present and types 1 to 3. Changes in Modic types over time and relationships between Modic changes and progression of degeneration of the disc or clinical symptoms were evaluated. A total of 31 subjects (13.9%) showed Modic changes at followup: type 1 in nine, type 2 in 18, type 3 in two, and types 1 and 2 in two. Modic changes at follow-up were significantly associated with numbness or pain in the arm, but not with neck pain or shoulder stiffness. Age (≥ 40 years), gender (male), and pre-existing disc degeneration were significantly associated with newly developed Modic changes. In the cervical spine over a ten-year period, type 2 Modic changes developed most frequently. Newly developed Modic changes were significantly associated with age, gender, and pre-existing disc degeneration. © 2012 British Editorial Society.


Nishimura T.,Keio University | Fujita-Suzuki Y.,Japan BCG Central Laboratory | Yonemaru M.,Isehara Kyodo Hospital | Ohkusu K.,Tokyo Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2015

We report a case of recurrent disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (DMAC) disease with anti-gamma interferon autoantibodies. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case caused by reinfection with a separate isolate of M. avium. DMAC disease activity was monitored using serum IgG antibody titers against lipid antigens extracted from a MAC strain. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.


PubMed | Japan BCG Central Laboratory, Kameda Medical Center, Niigata University, Keio University and 3 more.
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Journal of clinical microbiology | Year: 2015

We report a case of recurrent disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (DMAC) disease with anti-gamma interferon autoantibodies. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case caused by reinfection with a separate isolate of M. avium. DMAC disease activity was monitored using serum IgG antibody titers against lipid antigens extracted from a MAC strain.


Sato T.,Kitasato University | Amano H.,Kitasato University | Ito Y.,Kitasato University | Eshima K.,Kitasato University | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Background: Angiogenesis is essential for gastric ulcer healing. Recent results suggest that vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1), which binds to VEGF, promotes angiogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the role of VEGFR1 signaling in gastric ulcer healing and angiogenesis. Methods: Gastric ulcers were induced by serosal application of 100 % acetic acid in wild-type (WT) and tyrosine kinase-deficient VEGFR1 mice (VEGFR1 TK-/-). Bone marrow transplantation into irradiated WT mice was carried out using bone marrow cells isolated from WT and VEGFR1 TK -/- mice. Results: Ulcer healing was delayed in VEGFR1 TK -/- mice compared to WT mice and this was accompanied by decreased angiogenesis, as evidenced by reduced mRNA levels of CD31 and decreased microvessel density. Recruitment of cells expressing VEGFR1 and C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) was suppressed and epidermal growth factor (EGF) expression in ulcer granulation tissue was attenuated. Treatment of WT mice with neutralizing antibodies against VEGF or CXCR4 also delayed ulcer healing. In WT mice transplanted with bone marrow cells from VEGFR1 TK-/- mice, ulcer healing and angiogenesis were suppressed, and this was associated with reduced recruitment of bone marrow cells to ulcer granulation tissue. VEGFR1 TK-/- bone marrow chimeras also exhibited downregulation of EGF expression on CXCR4+VEGFR1+ cells recruited from the bone marrow into ulcer lesions. Conclusion: VEGFR1-mediated signaling plays a critical role in gastric ulcer healing and angiogenesis through enhanced EGF expression on VEGFR1+CXCR4+ cells recruited from the bone marrow into ulcer granulation tissue. © 2013 Springer.


Matsumoto M.,Keio University | Okada E.,Keio University | Ichihara D.,Keio University | Watanabe K.,Keio University | And 9 more authors.
Spine | Year: 2010

Study Design. Prospective 10-year follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of patients who underwent anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) and healthy control subjects. Objective. To clarify the incidence of adjacent segment degeneration during 10 years after ACDF. Summary of Background Data. There have been few studies which investigated incidence of progression of degenerative changes at adjacent segments in patients treated by ACDF comparing with healthy subjects. Methods. Sixty-four patients who underwent ACDF (48 males, 16 females, mean age 47.3 years, mean follow-up 12.1 year) and 201 asymptomatic volunteers who underwent MRI in our previous study (113 males, 88 females, mean age; 41.1 year, mean follow-up; 11.7 years) were included in this study. The patients and control subjects underwent follow-up MRI in this study. Following MR findings were evaluated using a numerical grading system from C2-C3-C7-T1: (1) Decrease in signal intensity of disc (DSI), (2) Posterior disc protrusion (PDP), (3) Disc space narrowing, and (4) Foraminal stenosis. When an increase in at least one grade in any of the radiographic parameters was detected between the 2 time points, progression of disc degeneration was judged as present at the level of interest. Results. Progression of DSI was significantly more frequent in ACDF group than in control group at C4-C5, while progression of PDP was significantly more frequent in ACDF group than in control group at all levels except for C5-C6. Progression of disc space narrowing and foraminal stenosis was significantly more frequent in ACDF group at C3-C4 and at C6-C7, respectively. Conclusion. Although both ACDF patients and control subjects demonstrated progression of disc degeneration during 10 years, ACDF patients had significantly higher incidence of progression of disc degeneration at adjacent segments than control subjects, while progression of disc degeneration at adjacent segments was not always related to development of clinical symptoms. © 2009, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Okada E.,Keio University | Matsumoto M.,Keio University | Ichihara D.,Keio University | Chiba K.,Keio University | And 5 more authors.
European Spine Journal | Year: 2011

There has been no prospective study on agerelated changes of the extensor muscles of the cervical spine in healthy subjects. This study was conducted to elucidate any association between the changes in cross-sectional area of the extensor muscles of the cervical spine on MRIs and cervical disc degeneration or the development of clinical symptoms. Sixty-two subjects who underwent MR imaging by a 1.5-Tesla machine between 1993 and 1996 as asymptomatic volunteers in a previous study were recruited again 10 years later for this follow-up study. The mean interval between the studies was 11.0 ± 0.7 years. The cross-sectional areas of the multifidus, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, and splenius capitis at C3-C4, C4-C5, and C5-C6 intervertebral levels were measured on T2-weighted axial images using Image J 1.42. The mean cross-sectional areas of the deep extensor muscles were 1,396.8 ± 337.6 mm 2 at the C3-C4 level, 1,514.7 ± 381.0 mm 2 at the C4-C5 level, and 1,542.8 ± 373.5 mm2 at the C5-C6 level in the previous investigation. The cross-sectional areas were 1,498.7 ± 374.4 mm2 at the C3-C4 level, 1,569.9 ± 390.9 mm 2 at the C4-C5 level, and 1,599.6 ± 364.3 mm 2 at the 10-year follow-up. An increase in the cross-sectional area of the muscles was more frequently observed in subjects in their tens to thirties in the initial study, while a decrease was more frequently observed in those in their forties and older in the initial study. Disc degeneration was not correlated with a change in extensor muscle volume. Development of shoulder stiffness during follow-up was significantly negatively correlated with a change in the cross-sectional area of the deep extensor muscles. © Springer-Verlag 2011.


Matsumoto M.,Keio University | Okada E.,Keio University | Ichihara D.,Keio University | Watanabe K.,Keio University | And 7 more authors.
Spine | Year: 2010

Study Design.: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study on degeneration of the thoracic spine in asymptomatic subjects. Objective.: To investigate the incidence of degenerative MRI findings of the thoracic spine in asymptomatic subjects and to identify factors related to the degeneration of the thoracic discs. Summary of Background Data.: Studies on age-related degenerative changes of the thoracic spine are scarce. Methods.: Ninety-four asymptomatic Japanese volunteers (48 men and 46 women, mean age of 48.0 ± 13.4 years) underwent MRI of the thoracic and cervical spine and filled the questionnaire regarding life styles. The items evaluated on MRI using a numerical grading system were (1) decrease in the signal intensity of the intervertebral discs (DSI), (2) posterior disc protrusion (PDP), (3) anterior compression of the dural sac (ACD), and (4) disc space narrowing. Association between each degenerative MRI finding and several factors, including age, sex, smoking, sports, body mass index, and degeneration of cervical spine was investigated. Results.: Forty-four (46.8%) patients demonstrated positive degenerative MRI findings at 1 or more thoracic intervertebral levels. The percentage of the subjects with positive MRI findings was 37.2% in DSI, 30.9% in PDP, 29.8% in ACD, and 4.3% in disc space narrowing. The percentages of all MRI findings increased with aging. In 85 (90.4%) patients, degenerative MRI findings were positive in the cervical spine. DSI was significantly associated with age (odds ratio, 11.21, 95% confidence interval, 2.70-46.5), PDP with age (3.44, 1.02-16.61), smoking (4.94, 1.55-15.71) and presence of PDP in the cervical spine (4.25, 1.01-17.92), and ACD was associated with smoking (3.99, 1.28-12.44). Conclusion.: Degenerative changes in the thoracic spine on MRI was observed in approximately half of the asymptomatic subjects, whereas their incidences were less frequent than those in the cervical spine. Factors significantly associated with degenerative changes in the thoracic spine included age, smoking, and degeneration in the cervical spine. © 2010, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Matsumoto M.,Keio University | Okada E.,Keio University | Toyama Y.,Keio University | Fujiwara H.,Keio University | And 2 more authors.
European Spine Journal | Year: 2013

Purpose To investigate the frequency of tandem lumbar and cervical intervertebral disc degeneration in asymptomatic subjects. Methods We evaluated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results from 94 volunteers (48 men and 46 women; mean age 48 years) for age-related intervertebral disc degeneration in the lumbar and cervical spine. Results MRI indicated degenerative changes in the lumbar spine in 79 subjects (84 %), with decreased disc signal intensity in 74.5 %, posterior disc protrusion in 78.7 %, anterior compression of the dura in 81.9 %, disc space narrowing in 21.3 %, and spinal canal stenosis in 12.8 %. These findings were more common in older subjects at caudal levels. MRI showed degenerative changes in both the lumbar and cervical spine in 78.7 % of the volunteers. Conclusions Degenerative findings in both the lumbar and cervical spine, suggesting tandem disc degeneration, was common in asymptomatic subjects. These results provide normative data for evaluating patients with degenerative lumbar and cervical disc diseases. © Springer-Verlag 2012.

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