Zwolle, Netherlands
Zwolle, Netherlands

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Stigt J.A.,Isala Klinieken | 'T Hart N.A.,Isala Klinieken | Knol A.J.,Isala Klinieken | Uil S.M.,Isala Klinieken | Groen H.J.M.,University of Groningen
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2013

INTRODUCTION: Patients with stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer harboring an activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation are eligible for treatment with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. With pyrosequencing, low-frequency mutations may be detected more easily even in small diagnostic samples like endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspirations (EUS-FNA) and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspirations (EBUS-TBNA). The diagnostic performance of pyrosequencing in analyzing cytological specimens is compared with the routinely used high-resolution melting (HRM) and Sanger sequencing. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the lung were selected from a fine needle aspiration and transbronchial needle aspiration specimen database. If formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor blocks were available, mutation analysis was performed for EGFR and V-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog genes using both pyrosequencing and HRM. When HRM showed abnormalities, Sanger sequencing was used. RESULTS: A total of 126 samples were available for mutation analysis. The analysis success rate for pyrosequencing and HRM were 97% and 93%, respectively. HRM failures were observed in fragmented DNA showing chains of 100 to 200 bp. A significant correlation between length of DNA fragments (100-300 bp versus 300-400 bp) and mean sample age (797 versus 317 days) was found (p < 0.0001), suggesting an influence of sample age on DNA quality. CONCLUSION: Pyrosequencing on cytological blocks, especially older tumor blocks, is feasible with a high diagnostic success rate. Failures in HRM were observed in DNA samples with short fragments related to longer storage times. © 2013 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.


Bisschop R.,Martini Hospital | Boomsma M.F.,Isala Klinieken | Van Raay J.J.A.M.,Martini Hospital | Tiebosch A.T.M.G.,Martini Hospital | Gerritsma C.L.E.,Martini Hospital
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A | Year: 2013

Background: Recently, concern has emerged about pseudotumors (lesions that are neither malignant nor infective in the soft tissues surrounding total hip arthroplasty components) after hip arthroplasties with metal-on-metal bearings. Patients treated in our hospital for degenerative arthritis of the hip with a Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR) prosthesis were invited to return for follow-up evaluation. The prevalence and clinical relevance of pseudotumors were investigated. Risk factors for pseudotumor formation were sought. Methods: A single-center cross-sectional prospective cohort study was conducted and included all patients who received a BHR from 2005 to 2010 in Martini Hospital, Groningen, The Netherlands. Data were collected on patient and surgical characteristics, clinical hip outcome scores (Harris hip score and Oxford score), serum metal ion levels (cobalt and chromium), and radiographs. A computed tomographic scan (without metal suppression) was made. In patients who had a revision, tissue samples were histologically examined. Results: Originally, there were 129 patients with 149 BHRs. Four patients (six hips; 4%) were lost to follow-up. Our final cohort consisted of 125 patients (143 hips). From this final cohort, eleven patients (twelve hips) had a revision, and three of them (three hips) had the revision before the present study was conducted. Seven patients (eight hips; 5.6%) had a revision because of a symptomatic pseudotumor. Survival analysis showed an implant survival rate of 87.5% at five years (failure was defined as a revision for any reason). A pseudotumor was found on computed tomography in thirty-nine patients (forty hips; 28%). Of those patients, ten (eleven hips; 28%) had complaints involving groin pain and discomfort, a noticeable mass, or paresthesia. Symptomatic pseudotumors were significantly larger than asymptomatic pseudotumors (a mean volume of 53.3 cm3 compared with 16.3 cm3; p = 0.05). A serum cobalt level of >85 nmol/L was a predictor for pseudotumor formation (odds ratio, 4.9). Conclusions: Pseudotumor formation occurred in 28% of hips after an average follow-up of forty-one months. Most pseudotumors (72.5%) were asymptomatic. Larger pseudotumors were associated with more complaints. Survival analysis showed an implant survival of 87.5% at five years. Failure occurred in 5.6% (eight) of 143 hips because of a symptomatic pseudotumor. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Copyright © 2013 By The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.


Stigt J.A.,Isala Klinieken | Boers J.E.,Isala Klinieken | Groen H.J.M.,University of Groningen
Lung Cancer | Year: 2012

Background: Image-guided sampling of the thickened pleura is a sensitive approach in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma with pleural effusion. Malignant pleural mesothelioma presenting without effusion however is more of a diagnostic challenge. In this study we report the diagnostic yield and complications of ultrasound-guided cutting needle biopsies in this particular category of patients. Methods: A retrospective database analysis from September 2007 until January 2012 was performed in 56 patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. Clinical characteristics and results of diagnostic evaluations were analysed. Results: Of the 56 patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma, 20 patients presented without pleural effusion of with locular effusion. Ultrasound-guided cutting needle biopsy was performed in 14/20 patients with a diagnostic accuracy of 80%. Only 1 patient had mild haemoptysis immediately following biopsies. Conclusion: Diagnosing patients with pleural thickenings suspect for malignant mesothelioma without pleural effusion or with loculated pleural effusion is effective and safe with ultrasound-guided cutting needle biopsies. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Stigt J.A.,Isala Klinieken | Groen H.J.M.,University of Groningen
Respiration | Year: 2014

Ultrasound (US) imaging is gradually progressing into common practice in contemporary pulmonology. Its main applications are to determine the presence and amount of pleural effusions and to guide subsequent treatment interventions. Guidelines recommend the use of US for these indications. Training programs are organized and competency levels are formulated. Image guidance with US to obtain specimens for pathologic and/or microbiological analysis is less extensively practiced by pulmonologists but it is an important tool for tumour staging and diagnosing diseases. Lung tumours in contact with the pleural surface, pleural thickenings, mediastinal tumours and chest wall tumours are conceivable indications for pulmonologists to approach with the help of US visualization. Moreover, sampling of chest disease-related extrathoracal lesions may also be regarded as the working field of the pulmonologist. For example, supraclavicular and axillar lymph node metastasis, and also soft tissue and bone metastases, are lesions encountered during dissemination tests. US-guided biopsy provides not only a diagnosis, but also gives information on the stage of disease in sometimes inaccessible primary lesions. US-guided sampling increases diagnostic efficacy and safety and enables very precise performance of fine-needle aspirations as well as tissue core biopsies. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Theuns D.A.M.J.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Elvan A.,Isala Klinieken | De Voogt W.,St Lucas Andreas Hospital | De Cock C.C.,VU University Amsterdam | And 2 more authors.
Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology | Year: 2012

Background: The Riata family of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) leads is prone to a specific insulation abrasion characterized by externalization of conductor cables. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of externalized conductors and electrical abnormalities in Riata ICD leads by fluoroscopic screening and standard ICD interrogation. Methods and Results: All ICD implantation centers were contacted by the Netherlands Heart Rhythm Association Device Advisory Committee to identify all patients with an active Riata ICD lead and to perform fluoroscopic screening of the lead. In addition, the electrical integrity of the lead was assessed. As of March 1, 2012, data for 1029 active Riata leads were available; 47% of these were 8-F Riata and 53% were 7-F Riata ST. Externalized conductors were observed in 147 leads (14.3%). Proportion of externalized conductors was higher in 8-F Riata compared with 7-F Riata ST (21.4% vs 8.0%; P<0.001). Median time from implantation to detection of externalized conductors was 65.3 months. The estimated rates of externalized conductors were 6.9% and 36.6% at 5 and 8 years after implantation, respectively. Of the 147 leads with externalized conductors, 10.9% had abnormal electrical parameters vs 3.5% in nonexternalized leads (P<0.001). Conclusions: The prevalence of externalized conductors in Riata leads is significantly high (14.3%) using fluoroscopic screening. The majority of externalized conductors are not detectable with standard ICD interrogation. Screening with fluoroscopy is reasonable. © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.


Louwerens J.W.K.,Foot and Ankle Reconstruction Unit | Schrier J.C.M.,Isala Klinieken
International Orthopaedics | Year: 2013

Despite recent advances in pharmacological management of rheumatoid arthritis, forefoot deformity, with its symptoms, remains a common problem, often requiring operative treatment. Typical deformities in these patients comprise hallux valgus and deformity of the lesser metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints and toes. With regard to the lesser rays the standard operative procedure, advocated for the disabling forefoot pain in these patients, remains metatarsal head resection. It should be considered that with increasing success of pharmacological treatment the degree of forefoot deformity in these patients is becoming less and that resection of the lesser MTP joints is becoming more and more superfluous. This supports a trend towards metatarsal head-preserving surgery. The optimal treatment of the hallux deformity remains unclear. Fusion of the first MTP joint is, generally, recommended. This article will discuss the current surgical options in rheumatoid forefoot pathology. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


de Jonge H.J.,Isala klinieken
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2014

Ischaemic colitis is a relatively rare disease that predominantly affects elderly patients. This disorder has varying underlying causes and diverse clinical symptoms. A 29-year-old primigravida was admitted to our hospital with rectal bleeding and diffuse abdominal pain. The number of leucocytes and the CRP were elevated. Because the patient was pregnant a sigmoidoscopy without sedation was performed. The endoscopic image and histopathology of the biopsies revealed ischaemic colitis. Our patient recovered quickly under conservative treatment. Ischaemic colitis is usually self-limiting and a conservative treatment will suffice. Ischaemic colitis during pregnancy has been reported extremely rarely and the aetiology is unknown.


Franken A.A.,Isala Klinieken
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2011

Osteonecrosis of the jaw in association with long-term use of bisphosphonates (BRONJ) is a relatively rare but serious side effect that is difficult to treat. The incidence of BRONJ in patients treated for osteoporosis is low at 0.1%. The incidence in cancer patients treated with high doses of intravenous bisphosphonates is higher, ranging between 3% and 10%. Risk factors for BRONJ are invasive treatments such as tooth extractions, root canal procedures and the placement of dental implants, as well as trauma caused by pressure from poorly fitting dental prostheses. High-risk patients should be examined by a dentist or an oral surgeon and, if necessary, undergo dental treatment prior to treatment with bisphosphonates. All patients taking bisphosphonates should maintain good oral hygiene, receive regular dental examinations and see a dentist if any oral symptoms develop. Physicians who prescribe medication as well as the patient's dentist and oral surgeon should be aware of the use of bisphosphonates and BRONJ as a possible adverse reaction. This requires cooperation and the exchange of information between a patient's health care providers.


Struijk-Mulder M.C.,Isala Klinieken
Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association | Year: 2013

To establish the incidence of venous thromboembolic complications as detected by bilateral complete compression ultrasonography (CCUS) after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction without thromboprophylaxis. We performed a prospective cohort study to establish the incidence of venous thromboembolic complications after arthroscopic ACL reconstruction, as detected by bilateral CCUS at 14 days (range, 11 to 17 days) postoperatively. One hundred consecutive patients underwent bilateral extended ultrasonography. One hundred predominantly European patients with a mean age of 30 ± 10 years and mean body mass index of 25 ± 4 underwent ACL reconstruction with a mean operative duration of 68 ± 23 minutes and a tourniquet time of 76 ± 23 minutes. In 84% of patients an autologous hamstring graft was used, in 14% a bone-patellar tendon-bone graft was used, and 2 patients received an allograft. Of 100 patients, 9 (incidence, 9%; 95% confidence interval, 4.2 to 16.4) showed asymptomatic proximal or distal deep vein thrombosis on CCUS, of whom 4 (incidence, 4%; 95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 9.9) were symptomatic. A nonfatal pulmonary embolus developed in 1 patient during the 8-week follow-up period. This study shows that the incidence of venous thromboembolism after arthroscopic ACL reconstruction is relatively high; a 9% incidence of asymptomatic proximal or distal deep vein thrombosis was found, whereas 4% of patients were symptomatic. Further research is recommended to assess the need for thromboprophylaxis in patients undergoing ACL reconstruction, especially when risk factors are present. Level IV, case series. Copyright © 2013 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Lenters-Westra E.,Isala Klinieken | Lenters-Westra E.,European Reference Laboratory for Glycohemoglobin | Slingerland R.J.,Isala Klinieken | Slingerland R.J.,European Reference Laboratory for Glycohemoglobin
Clinical Chemistry | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Hemoglobin A1c (Hb A1c) point-of-care (POC) instruments are widely used to provide rapidturnaround results in diabetic care centers. We investigated the conformance of variousHbA 1cPOCinstruments (In2it from Bio-Rad, DCA Vantage from Siemens, Afinion and Nycocard from Axis-Shield, Clover from Infopia, InnovaStar from DiaSys, A1CNow from Bayer, and Quo-Test from Quotient Diagnostics) with generally accepted performance criteria for Hb A1c. METHODS: The CLSI protocols EP-10, EP-5, and EP-9 were applied to investigate imprecision, accuracy, and bias. We assessed bias using 3 certified secondary reference measurement procedures and the mean of the 3 reference methods. Assay conformance with the National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program (NGSP) certification criteria, as calculated from analyses with 2 different reagent lot numbers for eachHbA1c method, was also evaluated. RESULTS: Because of disappointing EP-10 results, 2 of the 8 manufacturers decided not to continue the evaluation. The total CVs from EP-5 evaluations for the different instruments with a low and high Hb A1c value were: In2it 4.9% and 3.3%, DCA Vantage 1.8% and 3.7%, Clover 4.0% and 3.5%, InnovaStar 3.2% and 3.9%, Nycocard 4.8% and 5.2%, and Afinion 2.4% and 1.8%. Only the Afinion and the DCA Vantage passed the NGSP criteria with 2 different reagent lot numbers. CONCLUSIONS: Only the Afinion and the DCA Vantage met the acceptance criteria of having a total CV <3% in the clinically relevant range. The EP-9 results and the calculations of the NGSP certification showed significant differences in analytical performance between different reagent lot numbers for all Hb A 1c POC instruments. © 2009 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.

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