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Garcia-Ruiz P.J.,Movement Disorder Unit | Slawek J.,Medical University of Gdansk | Sitek E.J.,Medical University of Gdansk | Martinez Castrillo J.C.,IRYCIS
Journal of the Neurological Sciences | Year: 2015

Abstract Dystonia has a recent history in medicine. Focal dystonia was described in the 19th century by classic authors including Gowers, whilst generalized dystonia was described at the turn of the century. However, it is possible to find precise descriptions of dystonia in art, centuries before the medical definition. We have reviewed several pieces of art (sculpture, painting and literature) across the history that might represent descriptions of dystonia, from ancient period to nowadays. In classic times, the first reference to abnormal postures can be tracked back to the new Empire of Egypt (equinus foot), not to mention some recently described examples of dystonia from the Moche sculptures in Peru or Veracruz culture from Mexico. In Middle Ages it is possible to find many examples of sculptures in European cathedrals representing peasants with dramatic, presumably dystonic postures that coexist with amputation of limbs. This unique combination of dystonia and limb amputation probably represents ergotism. The painters Brueghel, Ribera and Velazquez also represented figures with postures likely to be dystonic. Literature is also a source of precise pre-neurological descriptions, especially during the 19th century. In David Copperfield, Dickens depicts characters with generalized dystonia (Uriah Heep), cervical dystonia (Mr. Sharp) and spasmodic dysphonia (Mr Creakle). Finally, even in modern Art (19th and 20th centuries), there are dramatic descriptions of abnormal postures that are likely to be dystonic, such as painful cervical dystonia (Brancusi), cervical dystonia with sensory trick (Modigliani) and upper limb dystonia (Wyspianski). However some postures presented in works of art may simply be a form of artistic expression and only bear unintentional resemblance to the dystonic postures. Art may be a source of neurological information, and that includes primary and secondary dystonia. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Cuevas P.,Alfonso X El Sabio University | Outeirino L.A.,Hospital de Dia Pio XII | Azanza C.,Hospital de Dia Pio XII | Angulo J.,IRYCIS | Gimenez-Gallego G.,CSIC - Biological Research Center
Military Medical Research | Year: 2015

Background: Dry eye is a multifactor disease of the tear film and ocular surface that substantially affects quality of life. Case presentation: Dobesilate administered as eye drops was well tolerated and effective in treating both the objective signs and subjective symptoms of dry eye disease in this 2-week study. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first clinical report of using dobesilate in eye drops. Dobesilate may provide a novel approach to treating drying diseases of the eye. © 2015 Cuevas et al.

Cuevas P.,IRYCIS | Sueiro A.,Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal | Navio P.,Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal | Gimenez-Gallego G.,CSIC - Biological Research Center
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2012

The effectiveness of local application, by inhalation, of dobesilate, an inhibitor of fibroblast growth factor signalling, in a patient with squamous cell lung carcinoma is reported. To our knowledge, these are the first published data on the efficacy of dobesilate in the treatment of this disease. The antimitotic, antiangiogenic, proapoptotic and anti-inflammatory activities of dobesilate can be important factors to consider, in explaining the efficacy of the treatment. Dobesilate administration can be a therapeutic option in patients with lung cancer having poor performance status or severe complications. Copyright 2012 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

Scherzer M.-L.,2Private practice | Liehneova I.,Usti nad Labem | Negrete F.J.M.,IRYCIS | Schnober D.,Private Practice
Advances in Therapy | Year: 2011

Patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension who do not achieve target intraocular pressure (IOP) using one hypotensive agent are often transitioned to combination therapy. Travoprost 0.004%/ timolol 0.5% fixed combination (TTFC) has shown efficacy in patients whose IOP is not controlled with other therapies. The goal of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of transitioning to TTFC in patients whose IOP was uncontrolled on bimatoprost 0.03%/timolol 0.5%, administered concomitantly or as a fixed combination. Methods: This was a prospective, open-label, multicenter study of patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension who transitioned to TTFC from fixed or unfixed bimatoprost/timolol. Patients self-administered TTFC once daily for 8 weeks, and efficacy and safety were assessed at baseline, Week 4, and Week 8. A symptom survey was administered at baseline and Week 8. Both patients and investigators reported their medication preference at Week 8. Results: A total of 105 patients were enrolled in the study. Mean IOP decreased by 16.5% from baseline after 8 weeks of TTFC therapy in the total population, 15.0% in patients transitioning from fixed-combination therapy, and 20.8% in patients transitioning from unfixed therapy (P<0.001 for all groups). The percentage of patients reaching target IOP (<18 mmHg) after treatment with TTFC was 69.2% (P<0.001). Patients judged stinging/burning to be less severe with TTFC than with prior therapy (P>0.029); all other symptom frequencies and severities were similar for both treatments. Patients preferred TTFC over bimatoprost/timolol (fixed and unfixed) at a ratio of more than 4:1 (81.4% vs. 18.6%; P<0.001), and investigators reported a nearly five-fold preference for TTFC (83.3% vs. 16.7%; P<0.001). No unexpected safety concerns with TTFC were observed. Conclusion: Travoprost 0.004%/timolol 0.5% fixed combination produced a significant reduction in IOP, with favorable safety and tolerability profiles. Both patients and investigators strongly preferred TTFC to prior bimatoprost 0.03%/timolol 0.5% therapy. © The Author(s) 2011.

Garcia-Ruiz P.J.,Fundacion Jimenez Diaz | Martinez Castrillo J.C.,IRYCIS | Alonso-Canovas A.,IRYCIS | Herranz Barcenas A.,Fundacion Jimenez Diaz | And 5 more authors.
Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry | Year: 2014

Impulse control disorders (ICDs) encompass a wide spectrum of abnormal behaviour frequently found in cases of Parkinson's disease (PD) treated with dopamine agonists (DAs). The main aim of this study was to analyse ICD prevalence with different DAs. We carried out a multicentre transversal study to evaluate the presence of ICDs in patients with PD chronically treated (>6 months) with a single non-ergolinic DA (pramipexole, ropinirole, or rotigotine). Clinical assessment of ICD was performed using the Questionnaire for Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders in Parkinson's disease. Thirty-nine per cent of patients (91/233) fulfilled the clinical criteria for ICD. The group of patients with ICD symptoms (ICD+) differed from those without ICD symptoms (ICD-) in younger age and type of DA intake. Oral DA treatment (pramipexole and ropinirole) was associated with higher risk of ICDs compared with transdermal DA (rotigotine): 84/197 (42%) patients treated with oral DA developed ICD, versus 7/36 (19%) patients treated with transdermal DA (Fisher's exact text <0.01). In univariate analysis, a younger age (p<0.01), treatment with rasagiline (p<0.05), and especially treatment with an oral DA (pramipexole or ropinirole) (p<0.01) were significantly associated with ICD. Multivariate analysis confirmed that oral DA remained significantly associated with ICD (p: 0.014, OR: 3.14; 1.26-7.83). ICD was significantly associated with the use of the non-ergolinic oral DA (pramipexole and ropinirole) when compared with transdermal non-ergolinic DA (rotigotine). Since pramipexole, ropinirole and rotigotine are non-ergolinic DAs with very similar pharmacodynamic profiles, it is likely that other factors including route of administration (transdermal vs oral) explain the difference in risk of ICD development. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

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