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Font-i-Furnols M.,IRTA Product Quality | Candek-Potokar M.,Agricultural Institute of Slovenia | Candek-Potokar M.,University of Maribor | Daumas G.,IFIP Institute du Porc | And 3 more authors.
Meat Science | Year: 2016

The objectives of the present work were (1) to compare pig carcass classification using different ZP ("Zwei-Punkt-Messverfahren") equations approved in the EU, applied on the same dataset, and to discuss the origin of differences between member states; (2) to evaluate the effect of a possible common ZP equation from the combined dataset and analyse how do the different subsets perform; and (3) to discuss the consequences of different national equations within the EU in view of the harmonization of pig carcass classification. A dataset of 951 carcasses from Belgium, France, Germany, Slovenia and Spain was used, 12 approved ZP equations in Europe were applied and the results were compared. Observed differences can be due not only to differences in genetics and sexes, but also to differences in the ZP measurement and dissection trials performed to obtain national equations. Important differences between some equations (up to almost 5 lean meat percentage) indicate a low harmonization among them and a need for improvements. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Tous N.,IRTA Monogastric Nutrition | Lizardo R.,IRTA Monogastric Nutrition | Vila B.,IRTA Monogastric Nutrition | Gispert M.,IRTA Product Quality | And 2 more authors.
Meat Science | Year: 2013

Sixteen gilts were fed a control (4% of sunflower oil) or an experimental diet (4% conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) oil). CLA had no effect on intramuscular fat (IMF) content neither in longissimus thoracis (LT) nor in semimembranosus (SM) muscles but increased liver weight, reduced perirenal fat and tended to reduce backfat between the last 3th-4th lumbar vertebrae. Despite the fact that 9c,11t and 10t,12c CLA isomers were included in the same proportion in the diet, the 9c,11t and 9c,11c were the isomers more deposited in all tissues. Addition of CLA in the diet affected fatty acid composition in a tissue specific manner, increasing percentages of SFA in all tissues, reducing percentages of MUFA in LT and LT subcutaneous fat, and of PUFA in LT subcutaneous fat, liver and SM. The FA modification by dietary CLA in LT IMF was reflected in the different lipid fractions, SFA and MUFA mainly in the neutral lipid fraction, and PUFA in the polar fraction. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Font-i-Furnols M.,IRTA Product Quality | Brun A.,IRTA Product Quality | Tous N.,IRTA Monogastric Nutrition | Tous N.,Rovira i Virgili University | Gispert M.,IRTA Product Quality
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems | Year: 2013

The intramuscular fat (IMF) content is related to the sensory acceptability of pork, and it can be non-destructively estimated using computed tomography (CT). The aim of this paper is to evaluate the potential use of ordinary linear regression (OLR) of the relative volumes associated with ranges of Hounsfield (HU) values and partial least square (PLS) regression applied to the relative volumes associated with each individual HU value to predict the IMF content using data from one or two different tomograms. The tomograms were obtained from pork loins, and the relative volume associated with each HU value was calculated. The IMF was measured in the loins using a near infrared transmittance device. The best prediction of IMF was obtained by OLR when data from 2 tomograms were used (R2=0.83 and RMSEPCV=0.46%). The results suggest that CT has good potential for measuring the IMF in loins and that the accuracy improves when the data from 2 tomograms were combined. The use of partial volumes as predictors with OLR allows for improved accuracy compared to the use of all of the individual volumes with PLS. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source


Font-i-Furnols M.,IRTA Product Quality | Aaslyng M.D.,Danish Technological Institute DTI | Backus G.B.C.,Connecting Agri and Food | Han J.,Nanjing Agricultural University | And 5 more authors.
Meat Science | Year: 2016

The aim of this work was to study the sensitivity of Chinese and Russian female consumers to androstenone and skatole and to identify their preference for pork patties from entire male pigs compared with those from castrated pigs. One-hundred-twenty women in each country were enrolled. The sensitivity of the consumers to both compounds was tested using smell strips and triangular tests. Pairwise tests were performed comparing patties from castrated male pigs with patties from boars with different levels of androstenone and skatole. Approximately 70% of the Russian and 60% of the Chinese consumers were sensitive to skatole and 37% and 32% were sensitive to androstenone, respectively. Nevertheless, a higher percentage of sensitive Russian consumers compared to Chinese consumers disliked the smell of both compounds. In Russia, the consumers' preferences were higher for patties with low levels of both compounds, while no differences were found in China. In both countries, consumers who were sensitive to skatole also preferred patties with low levels of both compounds. Thus, the levels of androstenone and skatole affect boar patty preferences. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Font-I-Furnols M.,IRTA Product Quality | Carabus A.,IRTA Product Quality | Pomar C.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada | Gispert M.,IRTA Product Quality
Animal | Year: 2014

The aim of the present work was (1) to study the relationship between cross-sectional computed tomography (CT) images obtained in live growing pigs of different genotypes and dissection measurements and (2) to estimate carcass composition and cut composition from CT measurements. Sixty gilts from three genotypes (Duroc×(Landrace×Large White), Pietrain×(Landrace×Large White), and Landrace×Large White) were CT scanned and slaughtered at 30 kg (n=15), 70 kg (n=15), 100 kg (n=12) or 120 kg (n=18). Carcasses were cut and the four main cuts were dissected. The distribution of density volumes on the Hounsfield scale (HU) were obtained from CT images and classified into fat (HU between -149 and -1), muscle (HU between 0 and 140) or bone (HU between 141 and 1400). Moreover, physical measurements were obtained on an image of the loin and an image of the ham. Four different regression approaches were studied to predict carcass and cut composition: linear regression, quadratic regression and allometric equations using volumes as predictors, and linear regression using volumes and physical measurements as predictors. Results show that measurements from whole animal taken in vivo with CT allow accurate estimation of carcass and cut composition. The prediction accuracy varied across genotypes, BW and variable to be predicted. In general, linear models, allometric models and linear models, which included also physical measurements at the loin and the ham, produced the lowest prediction errors. © The Animal Consortium 2014. Source

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