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New Ross, Ireland

Parkes G.,MRAG Ltd | Young J.A.,University of Stirling | Walmsley S.F.,MRAG Ltd | Abel R.,Norwegian Seafood Export Council | And 6 more authors.
Reviews in Fisheries Science | Year: 2010

This article presents the results of a global review of organizations that provide sustainable fisheries information-including ecolabels, recommendation lists, and supermarkets-to consumers and supply chain intermediaries. It examined 17 organizations and key supermarkets that communicate on the sustainability of world fisheries and aquaculture products. Certification schemes assess a relatively small number of specific fisheries and indicate sustainability through labels. Recommendation lists cover more species and areas but in less detail. Most schemes showed improving conformance with FAO guidelines for fisheries and aquaculture certification. However, significant variation in fisheries' assessment exists, calling into question the accuracy and precision of information and advice provided. Inconsistent approaches and contradictory advice among certification schemes and recommendation lists potentially increase consumer confusion and reduce their credibility. The review identifies seven critical attributes that schemes must address-scope, accuracy, independence, precision, transparency, standardization, and cost-effectiveness-and recommends that certification schemes and recommendation lists enhance their consistency and credibility through compliance with these attributes and FAO guidelines. Fish sustainability information schemes play an important role in securing a sustainable future for the oceans. Uptake of this review's recommendations should reduce consumer confusion and increase confidence in the benefits of sustainable purchasing. © Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Cosgrove R.,Irish Sea Fisheries Board BIM | Gosch M.,University College Cork | Reid D.,Marine Institute of Ireland | Sheridan M.,Irish Sea Fisheries Board BIM | And 3 more authors.
Fisheries Research | Year: 2016

A dedicated observer programme was carried out in gillnet and entangling net fisheries off the west and southwest coasts of Ireland to monitor interactions with seals. No seals were observed as bycatch in gillnet fisheries suggesting the risk of bycatch in observed gillnet fisheries is low. Grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) and to a lesser extent harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) were observed as bycatch principally in large mesh tangle nets targeting crawfish (Palinurus elephas). Observed bycatch levels, proximity of grey seal colonies to crawfish fisheries and similar habitat preferences suggest that the risk of seal bycatch in tangle net fisheries for crawfish on the west and southwest coasts of Ireland is high. Factors affecting bycatch in tangle nets were modeled to investigate potential bycatch mitigation measures. Crawfish and monkfish (Lophius spp.) catches, depth of gear deployment and larger mesh size were significantly positively correlated with seal bycatch. Development of mitigation measures such as improved net visibility, use of smaller mesh size and reintroduction of pots has major potential to reduce seal bycatch in the observed tangle net fishery. Growing seal populations in regions where tangle netting for crawfish is most prevalent could be related to factors such as benefits accrued from depredation and possible immigration from adjacent populations in the UK. More explicit conservation objectives will likely be needed to provide an impetus for development of proposed mitigation measures and bycatch reductions in Ireland. Results of this study also have broader ramifications for management of pinniped bycatch in large mesh gillnet and entangling net fisheries, which are widespread but poorly studied in European Community waters. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Cosgrove R.,Irish Sea Fisheries Board BIM | Gosch M.,University College Cork | Reid D.,Marine Institute of Ireland | Sheridan M.,Irish Sea Fisheries Board BIM | And 3 more authors.
Fisheries Research | Year: 2015

Reports from the fishing industry suggest that seal depredation in Irish bottom-set gillnets and entangling net fisheries has increased substantially in recent years. A dedicated observer program was conducted in a range of such fisheries off the southwest and west coasts of Ireland to provide the first quantitative estimates of seal depredation. Zero inflated negative binomial and Poisson regression models found positive correlations between depredation and factors such as latitude, depth, timing of a haul within a trip and quantities of gear hauled. Soak time was significant in the inshore gillnet fishery for pollack species (. Pollachius spp. .) but not significant in the deeper more offshore gillnet fishery for hake (. Merluccius merluccius). Results suggest that soak times should be kept short in shallow areas while faster hauling speeds, and systems which actively deter seals from the vicinity of Vessels operating in deep water should be explored. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

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