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Ciudad Real, Spain

Oleaga A.,Sociedad de Servicios del Principado de Asturias S.A | Gortazar C.,IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM
European Journal of Wildlife Research | Year: 2012

This study collects pathological information concerning sarcoptic mange in sympatric red deer, roe deer, chamois, wolf and red fox from Northern Spain, and discusses reported variations in the response from the different species against Sarcoptes scabiei. Wolf is the only studied species which shows prevalence of the hypersensitivity (alopecic) response to the detriment of the hyperkeratotic form, usually observed in ungulates and fox. The present work shows the use of immunohistochemistry as a valuable tool for the study and diagnosis of sarcoptic mange in those species whose immune response or stage of infestation limits the number of detectable mites, not an unusual difficulty faced when working with sarcoptic mange in wildlife species. © 2012 Springer-Verlag. Source

Balseiro A.,SERIDA | Merediz I.,Laboratorio Of Sanidad Animal | Sevilla I.A.,Instituto Vasco Of Investigacion Y Desarrollo Agrario | Garcia-Castro C.,Laboratorio Of Sanidad Animal | And 3 more authors.
Veterinary Journal | Year: 2011

There are few reports of infection with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) bacteria in badgers. In this study archive data relating to the isolation of MAC organisms from badgers in the UK is presented, and information derived from recent cases of such infection in Spain is used to illustrate the associated pathology and to characterise strain types. Tissue samples were cultured for mycobacteria and, in the case of Spanish badgers, were examined both histopathologically and using immunohistochemistry, and DNA typing of M. avium isolates was also carried out. A total of 5 (7.35%) and 281 (0.51%) isolates of M. avium spp. were recovered from badgers from the studies in Spain and the UK, respectively. DNA typing of the isolates from Spain identified the sub-species M. avium hominissuis and M. avium avium. These findings provide new information on the prevalence of MAC organisms in badgers in the UK and Spain. The extent to which infected badgers may be involved in the epidemiology of M. avium in other wild or domestic hosts remains unknown. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Molla M.I.,Zoobotanico | Quevedo M.A.,Zoobotanico | Castro F.,IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science | Year: 2011

Environmental enrichment is an improvement in the biological functioning of nonhuman animals in captivity resulting from modifications to their environment; however, specifying appropriate and practical measures of enrichment is problematic. This study analyzes the behavior of 4 bobcats (Lynx rufus) in the Jerez Zoo before and after the application of a global program of environmental enrichment that included (a) changes in the size and complexity of their installations, (b) the introduction of new objects into compounds, (c) changes in diet, and (d) modifications in the grouping of animals. A factorial correspondence analysis showed a highly significant relationship among individual animals, behavior, and experimental design. Behaviors such as locomotion, repeated pacing, vigilance, and grooming more often occurred before enrichment, whereas exploratory and food behaviors were more often associated with the enrichment phase. After the implementation of the enrichment program, the bobcats bred successfully for the first time since their arrival in the zoo. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Cabal A.,Complutense University of Madrid | Gomez-Barrero S.,Complutense University of Madrid | Porrero C.,Complutense University of Madrid | Barcena C.,University of Zaragoza | And 5 more authors.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology | Year: 2013

The distribution of virulence factors (VFs) typical of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli and the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiles were assessed in 780 isolates from healthy pigs, broilers, and cattle from Spain. VF distribution was broader than expected, although at low prevalence for most genes, with AMR being linked mainly to host species. © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. Source

Rodriguez O.,IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM | Gonzalez-Quiros P.,BIOGESTION | Merediz I.,Laboratorio Of Sanidad Animal Del Principado Of Asturias | Sevilla I.A.,Instituto Vasco Of Investigacion Y Desarrollo Agrario | And 8 more authors.
Veterinary Journal | Year: 2011

The prevalence, distribution and pathology related to infection with Mycobacterium bovis and other mycobacteria were determined in trapped (n= 36) and road-killed (n= 121) badgers in Spain from 2006 to 2010. The prevalence of M. bovis based on bacteriological culture from road-killed badgers was 8/121 (6.6%) and from trapped badgers was 0/36 (0%). Tuberculosis/. M. bovis infection was evident in 15/121 (12.4%) road-killed badgers when bacteriology and histopathology were combined. Mycobacterium avium complex was isolated by culture from the tracheal aspirate of 1/36 (2.8%) trapped badgers and from tissue pools from 8/121 (6.6%) road-killed badgers. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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