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Stroppiana D.,IREACNR | Bordogna G.,CNR Institute for the Dynamics of Environmental Processes | Boschetti M.,IREACNR | Carrara P.,IREACNR | And 2 more authors.
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters | Year: 2012

A straightforward way to map burned areas from remotely sensed imagery is to integrate partial evidence of burn provided by multiple spectral indices (SIs). Our approach relies on fuzzy set theory to generate integrated layers of overall positive evidence (PE) and negative evidence (NE) scores. In order to reduce commission errors, we propose the use of NE for revising the overall PE. Revised layers are input for a region growing algorithm to produce a map of burned areas. Thematic Mapper (TM) images, acquired over the Mediterranean area, were used to derive the SIs and to define the soft constraints (membership functions). The performance of the revision process is tested for a TM image acquired over Portugal: The revision decreases the commission error from 59.5% to 1.3% and increases the overall accuracy from 42.6% up to 91.3%. © 2012 IEEE.

Pepe A.,IREACNR | Berardino P.,IREACNR | Bonano M.,IREACNR | Bonano M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 3 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing | Year: 2011

We present an algorithm aimed at correcting satellite orbit information for the generation of differential SAR interferometry (DInSAR) deformation time-series. Our approach exploits small baseline differential interferograms, to preserve their spatial coherence, and is directly compatible with the Small BAseline Subset (SBAS) DInSAR technique. In particular, the algorithm investigates the differential phase gradient directly computed from the wrapped interferograms, and is focused on the estimation of the perpendicular baseline and of the parallel baseline azimuth rate components, separately performed along the range and azimuth directions, respectively. Starting from the estimations carried out on the interferograms, we then retrieve the orbit correction associated with each SAR acquisition of our time-series by solving a system of linear equations via the SVD method, extending the SBAS inversion concept also to the orbit estimation problem. Key application of this technique is the generation of deformation time-series from interferometric sequences of RADARSAT-1 SAR acquisitions which are available for several areas in the world, but are characterized by significantly low accuracy of the orbit information. The presented results, obtained by processing a data set consisting of 33 RADARSAT-1 images of Big Island at Hawaii, show that we may retrieve DInSAR time-series with sub-centimeter accuracy, thus confirming the effectiveness of the proposed technique. © 2011 IEEE.

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