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D'Aguanno S.,University of Chieti Pescara | Barcaroli D.,University of Chieti Pescara | Rossi C.,University of Chieti Pescara | Zucchelli M.,University of Chieti Pescara | And 13 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2014

p63 is an important regulator of epithelial development expressed in different variants containing (TA) or lacking (ΔN) the N-terminal transactivation domain. The different isoforms regulate stem-cell renewal and differentiation as well as cell senescence. Several studies indicate that p63 isoforms also play a role in cancer development; however, very little is known about the role played by p63 in regulating the cancer stem phenotype. Here we investigate the cellular signals regulated by TAp63 and ΔNp63 in a model of epithelial cancer stem cells. To this end, we used colon cancer stem cells, overexpressing either TAp63 or ΔNp63 isoforms, to carry out a proteomic study by chemical-labeling approach coupled to network analysis. Our results indicate that p63 is implicated in a wide range of biological processes, including metabolism. This was further investigated by a targeted strategy at both protein and metabolite levels. The overall data show that TAp63 overexpressing cells are more glycolytic-active than ΔNp63 cells, indicating that the two isoforms may regulate the key steps of glycolysis in an opposite manner. The mass-spectrometry proteomics data of the study have been deposited to the ProteomeXchange Consortium (http://proteomecentral. proteomexchange.org) via the PRIDE partner repository with data set identifiers PXD000769 and PXD000768. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

Mandolesi G.,Fondazione Santa Lucia IRCSS | Mandolesi G.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Gentile A.,Fondazione Santa Lucia IRCSS | Gentile A.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | And 4 more authors.
Cerebellum | Year: 2015

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered as an autoimmune inflammatory disease and is one of the main causes of motor disability in young adults. Focal white matter lesions consisting of T lymphocyte and macrophage infiltrates, demyelination, and axonal transection are clear hallmarks of MS disease. However, white matter pathology does not occur exclusively. Clinical and experimental studies have shown gray matter atrophy and lesions occurring in several brain regions, including the cerebellum. Cerebellar-dependent disability is very common in MS patients. Cerebellar deficits are also relatively refractory to symptomatic therapy and progress even under disease-modifying agents. However, the neuropathology underlying cerebellar dysfunction remains largely unknown. We recently demonstrated that the cerebellum is also targeted in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the most widely used animal model of MS. Electrophysiological studies, supported by immunofluorescence and biochemical analysis, revealed an imbalance between the spontaneous excitatory and inhibitory synaptic transmission at Purkinje cell synapses. While the frequency of the spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSC) during the acute phase of EAE was reduced in correlation with a selective degeneration of basket and stellate neurons, the glutamatergic transmission was enhanced due to a reduced expression and functioning of glutamate aspartate transporter (GLAST)/excitatory amino acid transporter 1 (EAAT1), the most abundant glutamate transporter expressed by Bergmann glia. Of note, we demonstrated that the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β), highly expressed in EAE cerebellum and released by infiltrating lymphocytes, was one of the molecular players directly responsible for such synaptic alterations during the acute phase. Furthermore, other brain regions in EAE mice seem to be affected by a similar inflammatory dependent synaptopathy, suggesting common molecular targets for potential therapeutic strategies. Accordingly, we observed that intracerebroventricular inhibition of IL-1β signaling in EAE mice was able to ameliorate inflammatory reaction, electrophysiological response, and clinical disability, indicating a pivotal role of IL-1β in EAE disease and likely, in MS. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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