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Raggi F.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology | Blengio F.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology | Eva A.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology | Pende D.,IRCSS AOU San Martino IST | And 2 more authors.
Innate Immunity | Year: 2014

Peripheral blood monocytes are recruited to inflammatory and tumor lesions where they undergo terminal differentiation into macrophages. Monocytes/macrophages integrate stimulatory and inhibitory signals present in the pathologic microenvironment through a defined repertoire of cell surface receptors, and deregulated expression of these molecules may result in amplification of inflammation or establishment of immune escape mechanisms. Characterization of the expression and function of these receptors is required for a better understanding of the regulation of monocyte/macrophage activity at pathologic sites. Hypoxia is a common feature of many pathological situations and an important regulator of monocyte/macrophage pro-inflammatory responses. In this study, we identify the leukocyte membrane antigen, CD300a, a member of the CD300 superfamily of immunoregulatory receptors, as a new hypoxia-inducible gene in primary human monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages. CD300a mRNA up-regulation by hypoxia was rapid and reversible, paralleled by increased surface protein expression, and mediated by hypoxia-inducible factor-1α. CD300a induction was also triggered by the hypoxia-mimetic agent, desferrioxamine. CD300a exhibited both activating and inhibitory potential, differentially regulating CCL20 and vascular endothelial growth factor pro-inflammatory cytokine production by monocytes/macrophages upon triggering by an agonist Ab. These results suggest that CD300a induction by the hypoxic environment represents a mechanism of regulation of monocyte/macrophage pro-inflammatory responses at pathologic sites. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav. Source

Lunardi G.,Oncology Unit | Piccioli P.,IRCSS AOU San Martino IST | Bruzzi P.,IRCSS AOU San Martino IST | Notaro R.,Tumor Institute of Tuscany | And 13 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2013

Estrogen synthesis suppression induced by aromatase inhibitors in breast cancer (BC) patients may be affected by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the gene encoding aromatase enzyme, CYP19A1. We assessed the association between plasma estrone sulfate (ES), letrozole treatment, and four SNPs of CYP19A1 gene (rs10046 C>T, rs4646 G>T, rs749292 C>T, rs727479 T>G) which seem to be related to circulating estrogen levels. Patients were enrolled into a prospective, Italian multi-center clinical trial (Gruppo Italiano Mammella, GIM-5) testing the association of CYP19A1 SNPs with the efficacy of letrozole adjuvant therapy, in postmenopausal early BC patients. SNPs were identified from peripheral blood cell DNA. Plasma ES concentrations were evaluated by Radio Immuno Assay. Blood samples were obtained immediately before letrozole therapy (N = 204), at 6-weeks (N = 178), 6 (N = 152) and 12-months (N = 136) during treatment. Medians (IQR) of ES were 160 pg/mL (85-274) at baseline, 35 pg/mL (12-64) at 6-weeks, 29 pg/mL (17-48) at 6 months and 25 pg/mL (8-46) after 12 months treatment. No statistically significant association was evident between polymorphisms and ES circulating levels during letrozole therapy. Letrozole suppression of the aromatase enzyme function is not affected by polymorphisms of CYP19A1 gene in postmenopausal BC patients. © 2012 The Author(s). Source

Alterio D.,Oncology and Radiotherapy Institute | Ciardo D.,Oncology and Radiotherapy Institute | Preda L.,Istituto Europeo di Oncologia | Argenone A.,Italian National Cancer Institute | And 32 more authors.
Radiotherapy and Oncology | Year: 2014

Background and purpose Irradiation of the Pharyngeal Superior Constrictor Muscle (PSCM) seems to play a crucial role in radiation-related swallowing dysfunctions. Purpose of our study was to quantify operator-related variability in the contouring of PSCM on Computed Tomography (CT) scans and adherence with contours derived from MR images. Materials and methods Three sets of treatment planning CT and their corresponding MR images were selected. Contouring of the PSCM was performed using both a literature-based method, derived from literature review, and an optimized method, derived from Magnetic Resonance (MR) images thus obtaining "literature-based" and "optimized" contours. Each operator contoured the PSCM on CT scans according to both methods for three times in three different days. Inter- and intra-operator variability and adherence to a contour obtained from MR images (named "MR-derived" contour) were analyzed. Results Thirty-four operators participated and 612 contours were obtained. Both intra- and inter-operator variability and adherence to the "MR-derived" contour were significantly different between the two methods (p ≤ 0.05). The "optimized" method showed a lower intra- and inter-operator variability and a higher adherence to the "MR-derived" contour. Conclusions The "optimized" method ameliorates both operator-related variability and adherence with MR images. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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