PubMed | University of Rome Tor Vergata and Fondazione Maugeri IRCCS Veruno
Type: | Journal: Clinical interventions in aging | Year: 2016
Chronic pain has a high prevalence in the aging population. Strong opioids also should be considered in older people for the treatment of moderate to severe pain or for pain that impairs functioning and the quality of life. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the direct switch to low-dose strong opioids (World Health Organization-Step III drugs) in elderly, opioid-naive patients.This was a single-center, retrospective, observational study in opioid-naive patients aged 75 years, with moderate to severe chronic pain (>6-month duration) and constipation, who initiated treatment with prolonged-release oxycodone/naloxone (OXN-PR). Patients were re-evaluated after 15, 30, and 60 days (T60, final observation). Response to treatment was defined as an improvement in pain of 30% after 30 days of therapy without worsening of constipation.One-hundred and eighty-six patients (mean SD age 80.74.7 years; 64.5% women) with severe chronic pain (mean average pain intensity 7.11.0 on the 11-point numerical rating scale) and constipation (mean Bowel Function Index 64.124.4; 89.2% of patients on laxatives) were initiated treatment with OXN-PR (mean daily dose 11.33.5 mg). OXN-PR reduced pain intensity rapidly and was well tolerated; 63.4% of patients responded to treatment with OXN-PR. At T60 (mean daily OXN-PR dose, 21.59.7 mg), the pain intensity was reduced by 66.7%. In addition, bowel function improved (mean decrease of Bowel Function Index from baseline to T60, -28.2, P<0.0001) and the use of laxatives decreased. Already after 15 days and throughout treatment, ~70% of patients perceived their status as much/extremely improved. Only 1.6% of patients discontinued treatment due to adverse events.Low-dose OXN-PR in elderly patients naive to opioids proved to be an effective option for the treatment of moderate to severe chronic pain. Large-scale trials are needed to improve clinical guidance in the assessment and treatment of pain in older people.