Rionero in Vulture, Italy
Rionero in Vulture, Italy

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Buonerba C.,CROB IRCCS | Ferro M.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Perri F.,POC SS Annunziata | Calderoni G.,CROB IRCCS | And 6 more authors.
Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy | Year: 2015

The therapeutic improvements in renal cell carcinoma brought about by the transition from the 'cytokine era' to the 'targeted agents era', have not affected the peculiar prognostic heterogeneity of the disease, nor have they diminished the importance of risk group classification based on easily assessable and commonly available laboratory and clinical variables. In the landmark study conducted by Motzer et al. before biological agents were available, the median survival of patients in the good prognosis group was 20 months, while the patients in the poor-risk group had a median survival time of only 4 months. With the introduction of anti-VEGF agents, overall survival has approximately doubled in all risk classes. In a population-based analysis of 670 patients treated with anti-VEGF agents, either in the first-line setting or in the second-line setting after cytokines, stratification according to the Database Consortium model showed that patients in the favorable risk group had a median overall survival of 43.2 months, while patients in the poor-risk group had a median overall survival of 7.8 months. © Informa UK, Ltd.


Ciardiello F.,The Second University of Naples | Normanno N.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Martinelli E.,The Second University of Naples | Troiani T.,The Second University of Naples | And 53 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2016

Background: Cetuximab plus chemotherapy is a first-line treatment option in metastatic KRAS and NRAS wild-type colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. No data are currently available on continuing anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapy beyond progression. Patients and methods: We did this open-label, 1:1 randomized phase II trial at 25 hospitals in Italy to evaluate the efficacy of cetuximab plus 5-fluorouracil, folinic acid and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) as second-line treatment of KRAS exon 2 wild-type metastatic CRC patients treated in first line with 5-fluorouracil, folinic acid and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) plus cetuximab. Patients received FOLFOX plus cetuximab (arm A) or FOLFOX (arm B). Primary end point was progressionfree survival (PFS). Tumour tissues were assessed by next-generation sequencing (NGS). This report is the final analysis. Results: Between 1 February 2010 and 28 September 2014, 153 patients were randomized (74 in arm A and 79 in arm B). Median PFS was 6.4 [95% confidence interval (CI) 4.7-8.0] versus 4.5 months (95% CI 3.3-5.7); [hazard ratio (HR), 0.81; 95% CI 0.58-1.12; P = 0.19], respectively. NGS was performed in 117/153 (76.5%) cases; 66/117 patients (34 in arm A and 32 in arm B) had KRAS, NRAS, BRAF and PIK3CA wild-type tumours. For these patients, PFS was longer in the FOLFOX plus cetuximab arm [median 6.9 (95% CI 5.5-8.2) versus 5.3 months (95% CI 3.7-6.9); HR, 0.56 (95% CI 0.33-0.94); P = 0.025]. There was a trend in better overall survival: median 23.7 [(95% CI 19.4-28.0) versus 19.8 months (95% CI 14.9-24.7); HR, 0.57 (95% CI 0.32-1.02); P = 0.056]. Conclusions: Continuing cetuximab treatment in combination with chemotherapy is of potential therapeutic efficacy in molecularly selected patients and should be validated in randomized phase III trials. © The Author 2016.


De Cobelli O.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Terracciano D.,University of Naples Federico II | Tagliabue E.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Raimondi S.,Italian National Cancer Institute | And 12 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic performance of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PIRADS) score in predicting pathologic features in a cohort of patients eligible for active surveillance who underwent radical prostatectomy. Methods A total of 223 patients who fulfilled the criteria for "Prostate Cancer Research International: Active Surveillance", were included. Mp-1.5 Tesla MRI examination staging with endorectal coil was performed at least 6-8 weeks after TRUS-guided biopsy. In all patients, the likelihood of the presence of cancer was assigned using PIRADS score between 1 and 5. Outcomes of interest were: Gleason score upgrading, extra capsular extension (ECE), unfavorable prognosis (occurrence of both upgrading and ECE), large tumor volume (≥0.5ml), and seminal vesicle invasion (SVI). Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves and Decision Curve Analyses (DCA) were performed for models with and without inclusion of PIRADS score. Results Multivariate analysis demonstrated the association of PIRADS score with upgrading (P<0.0001), ECE (P<0.0001), unfavorable prognosis (P<0.0001), and large tumor volume (P = 0.002). ROC curves and DCA showed that models including PIRADS score resulted in greater net benefit for almost all the outcomes of interest, with the only exception of SVI. Conclusions mpMRI and PIRADS scoring are feasible tools in clinical setting and could be used as decision- support systems for a more accurate selection of patients eligible for AS. Copyright: © 2015 de Cobelli et al.


PubMed | Vale do Itajai University, Italian National Cancer Institute, University of Bari, University of Naples Federico II and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic performance of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PIRADS) score in predicting pathologic features in a cohort of patients eligible for active surveillance who underwent radical prostatectomy.A total of 223 patients who fulfilled the criteria for Prostate Cancer Research International: Active Surveillance, were included. Mp-1.5 Tesla MRI examination staging with endorectal coil was performed at least 6-8 weeks after TRUS-guided biopsy. In all patients, the likelihood of the presence of cancer was assigned using PIRADS score between 1 and 5. Outcomes of interest were: Gleason score upgrading, extra capsular extension (ECE), unfavorable prognosis (occurrence of both upgrading and ECE), large tumor volume ( 0.5 ml), and seminal vesicle invasion (SVI). Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves and Decision Curve Analyses (DCA) were performed for models with and without inclusion of PIRADS score.Multivariate analysis demonstrated the association of PIRADS score with upgrading (P < 0.0001), ECE (P < 0.0001), unfavorable prognosis (P < 0.0001), and large tumor volume (P = 0.002). ROC curves and DCA showed that models including PIRADS score resulted in greater net benefit for almost all the outcomes of interest, with the only exception of SVI.mpMRI and PIRADS scoring are feasible tools in clinical setting and could be used as decision-support systems for a more accurate selection of patients eligible for AS.

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