Azadi M.,Irankhodro Powertrain Company IPCO Tehran |
Ghodrati M.,Sharif University of Technology |
Farrahi G.H.,Sharif University of Technology
Materials at High Temperatures | Year: 2014
In this study, the stress relaxation has been measured experimentally and has been also calculated numerically by the finite element method in the A356·0 aluminium-silicon-magnesium alloy, under out-of-phase thermomechanical cyclic loadings. To get this objective, strain based thermomechanical fatigue tests were performed on cylindrical specimens, at an out-of-phase condition. In this loading condition, when the temperature was maximum, the mechanical strain was compressive and vice versa. These fatigue experiments were repeated at various dwell times, in which the temperature was held at the maximum temperature. This hold time was considered as 5, 30, 60 and 180 s and then the stress relaxation was measured during the midlife cycle of each test. Besides, the finite element analysis was also conducted on the material to simulate the stress relaxation numerically. A two-layer visco-plastic model was applied to simulate the high temperature cyclic behavior of the material. Finite element results showed a good agreement with experimental results, which were obtained from thermomechanical fatigue tests on the A356·0 aluminium alloy. The two-layer visco-plastic model could properly predict the stress relaxation at elevated temperatures, during various dwell times. © W. S. Maney & Son Ltd. 2014.