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Namdarian L.,Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology IRANDOC
Iranian Journal of Information Processing Management | Year: 2016

Achieving the ultimate goals of policy-making will not be possible by using methods such as surveys. Evidence-based policy-making is a new approach in the public policy which has increased in many countries. Evidence-based policy-making is based on the assumption that decisions should be based on available evidence and rational analysis in addition to the judgments and opinions. One of the important evidences is statistics. Accurate statistics can promote the accuracy, quality and capacity of policy. According to the importance of the statistics for the evidence-based policy-making, this paper is seeking to examine the importance of the statistics for evidence-based policy-making and trying to show that the correct and efficient use of statistics leads to better policy. This paper uses mixed method for this purpose. Mixed method approach used in this paper is the sequential exploratory design that qualitative data followed by the quantitative data is collected and analysed. First, the comprehensive process framework for evidence-based policy-making is developed in the qualitative part by using meta-synthesis. Second, in the quantitative part, binomial test is used to validation of the developed framework. Data collection tool is a questionnaire and has been completed by 15 experts in the field of policy-making. Finally, the paper examines the role of information and statistics in the steps of proposed framework. © 2016, Iranian Research Institute for Scientific Information and Documentation. All rights reserved. Source


Nazari M.,Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology IRANDOC
Library and Information Science Research | Year: 2016

Although context has been identified as the key to the manifestation of information literacy (IL), little is known about the actual context of IL in disciplinary areas. This is because disciplinary studies of IL have focused mainly on people's conceptions of IL, not on their lived teaching and learning practices. Introducing university assignments as a contextual construct for disciplinary studies of IL, this study demonstrates how students' and educators' conceptions and experiences of real university assignments and their constructive participation in conceptualization of IL helped to uncover the actual nature of information need in the discipline of geographic information science/systems (GIS) and to gain a better understanding of the concept of, and requirements for, determining information need in this discipline. Adopting an embedded case study design and a participatory approach for fieldwork, the data were mainly gathered from 27 semistructured interviews focused on GIS students' and educators' lived experiences of university assignments and their reflections on various aspects of IL in a master's degree GIS program jointly delivered by universities in the UK and USA. Each learning and teaching experience was treated as a unit of analysis. GIS assignments were found to be geospatial, technology mediated, subject free, and unique in requirements. Each characteristic uncovered a new facet for the concept of information need in GIS. Findings indicate that unless students have understood the multi-faceted nature of information need, they may fail to distinguish the various ways in which gaps may be addressed when dealing with GIS assignments. The context-to-concept approach proposed in this study can be of value to both IL researchers and practitioners who seek deeper insights into the nature of IL, especially those interested in the customization of generic models of IL to the actual needs of university programs. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Source


Nazari M.,Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology IRANDOC
Library and Information Science Research | Year: 2010

This study demonstrates how case study research can be used to do a contextual and inductive study of information literacy (IL) and develop robust models of IL. First, it identifies several key characteristics of case study research as a qualified research methodology for studies that aim to build theories. Second, it rationalizes a need for case study research in the field of IL research. Drawing on that, it demonstrates how Eisenhardt's case study process was adopted to conduct a contextual study of IL and discusses the researcher's activities and tasks in each phase of the process. It uses the researcher's experience of the research journey to justify the validity and robustness of the research. This article contributes to current IL research methodologies and can be of value for LIS researchers and practitioners who wish to holistically gain deep insight into phenomena through case study research. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source


Sedighi M.,Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology IRANDOC
Iranian Journal of Information Processing Management | Year: 2013

The aim of this research is to investigate the interdisciplinary relations in selected high priority areas of science and technology based on ISI data. This is an applied study using scientometric, citation analysis and network analysis methods. After identifying and extracting data from WOS, all citations of these records have been analyzed in order to determine the interdisciplinary relations and the evolution of these relationships. In order to judge the interdisciplinary of data, the results of the two approaches have been considered including 1-To determine the subject areas of the journals 2- To determine the institutional affiliation of the authors. There is a positive correlation between co-authorship and interdisciplinary approach in all studied areas. There is no significant relation between the number of citations and interdisciplinary approach. Mapping of interdisciplinary relationships in nanotechnology showed this is a unique method to discover the structural patterns of a research area. Source


Alipour-Hafezi M.,Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology IRANDOC
Electronic Library | Year: 2014

Purpose - The main purpose of this article is to provide a focal framework with the aim of making integrated digital libraries in technical and content level of syntactic interoperability between digital libraries. Design/methodology/approach - Literature review, library research method and analytical approach were used in the first step of this research in order to design IDL framework. Then a survey of 11 Iranian digital library applications was conducted for testing the proposed framework. Finally, based on the findings, conceptual integration architecture was proposed based on the framework. Findings - Based on the literature a framework for integration of digital library applications in syntax level is proposed which includes four core layers: models, protocols, metadata formats, and context-based layer. Based on the findings of the survey, integration architecture is proposed which includes all the mentioned layers in the IDL framework. So as to decrease cost of installing the architecture, cloud base technology architecture introduced to be used inverse. Originality/value - A gap exists between research and practice in the field of integrated digital libraries. In fact this article is an attempt to cover this gap by proposing a framework that can be implemented. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

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