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Khoshnood Z.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran | Jamili Sh.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran | Khodabandeh S.,Tarbiat Modares University | Mashinchian Moradi A.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran | Motallebi Moghanjoghi A.A.,Iranian Fisheries Researches Organization
Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences | Year: 2014

This study aimed to investigate the toxic effects of atrazine herbicide on the fry of Caspian Kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum, Kamensky, 1901). First the 96-h LC50 of the fry were exposed to atrazine at the concentration of 24.95 ppm was determined. Then the toxicity of this herbicide on Caspian kutum fry exposed to the concentration of 12.47ppm (1/2 LC50), for four days was measured and compared with a control group. Comparison of the length, weight and condition factor showed no significant differences between atrazine exposed and control group. The concentration of Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Cl- in the whole body of fry in control and atrazine exposure groups were as the following order: Ca2+K+ Na + Cl- Mg2+ and Ca2+Na+K+Mg2+Cl-, respectively. Results showed that the concentration of all these ions were higher in atrazine exposure group than control group, except for Cl-, and the only significant differences was found in Na+ concentration. Major histopathological effects of atrazine on the gills were hyperplasia and thickening of the filaments, separation of the pavement cells of the lamellae epithelium from the pillar cells and swelling of the epithelial cells. Results of the present study showed that atrazine could affect the ion composition of the body, and caused major damages in gill epithelium even at sublethal concentration and acute exposure, but had no effects on the growth parameters. Source


Khoshnood Z.,Islamic Azad University at Dezful | Jamili S.,Iranian Fisheries Researches Organization | Khodabandeh S.,Tarbiat Modares University
Diseases of Aquatic Organisms | Year: 2015

The use of chemical pesticides has increased environmental pollution and affects fishes as non-target organisms. To investigate the toxic effects of the widely used herbicide atrazine on Caspian kutum Rutilus frisii kutum fingerlings, fish were exposed to a sublethal concentration of half LC50 for 96 h. The main alterations visible in the gill tissue were detachment of the epithelium of the lamellae, necrosis, lamellar fusion, hyperplasia, club shaped lamellae, collapse of the lamellae, shrinkage and curling of the lamellae, and ultrastructural alterations such as necrosis of the apical microridges of the pavement cells. Results also showed that the gill ionocytes were fewer in number and larger in size in the atrazine-exposed fish. Atrazine appears to be highly toxic to Caspian kutum fingerlings even at a sublethal concentration (12.47 mg l-1) and acute exposure. This toxicity could affect gill respiration and ion regulation function of fingerlings by damaging tissue, pavement cells, and ionocytes. © Inter-Research 2015. Source

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