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Mardani A.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Keshavarz H.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences | Heidari A.,Iran Encyclopedia Compiling Foundation | Heidari A.,Alborz University of Medical Science | And 3 more authors.
Parasitology Research | Year: 2011

The knob-associated histidine-rich protein (KAHRP) plays a major role in the virulence of Plasmodium falciparum and is one of the targets for molecular therapy. The primary structure of KAHRP of P. falciparum consists of three domains (regions I-III), of which the C-terminal domain (region III) is the most polymorphic segment of this protein. One of the main obstacles is genetic diversity in designing and developing of malaria control strategies such as molecular therapy and vaccines. The primary objective of the present study was to investigate and analyze the extent of genetic polymorphism at the region III of KAHRP of P. falciparum in isolates from Iran. A fragment of the kahrp gene spanning the C-terminal domain was amplified by nested PCR from 50 P. falciparum isolates collected from two malaria endemic areas of Iran during 2009 to August 2010 and sequenced. In this study, three allelic types were observed at the C-terminal domain of KAHRP on the basis of the molecular weight of nested PCR products and the obtained sequencing data. The presence of multiple alleles of the kahrp gene indicates that several P. falciparum strains exist in the malaria endemic areas of Iran. Our findings will be valuable in the design and the development of the molecular therapeutic reagents for falciparum malaria. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

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