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Villaviciosa, Spain

Gueimonde L.,University of Oviedo | Gueimonde L.,University of Turku | Vesterlund S.,University of Turku | Garcia-Pola M.J.,University of Oviedo | And 3 more authors.
Food and Function | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of daily chewing, for 12 weeks, of 2 different probiotic gums compared with placebo on saliva flow rate, saliva IgA levels and saliva pH. The intervention study included 54 adult volunteers with hyposalivation in a double-blind, randomised and placebo-controlled design with three parallel groups. Volunteers were randomly assigned to 3 different groups: subjects in group A (n = 19) were given placebo chewing gum, group B (n = 17) received Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis Bb12 (ATCC 27536) and group C (n = 18) received Lactobacillus rhamnosus LGG (ATCC 53103), Bifidobacterium longum 46 (DSM 14583) and Bifidobacterium longum 2C (DSM 14579) gums, during 3 months. Two volunteers from group B left the study for personal reasons leaving 19, 15 and 18 volunteers, respectively, for analyses. Clinical examinations, personal interviews, sialometries and saliva sampling were conducted at baseline and after 1, 2, 3 and 4 months. No statistically significant differences were found between probiotic and placebo groups for any of the parameters analysed. No side effects of probiotic or placebo chewing gums were observed. Chewing gum, with and without probiotics, had a positive impact on salivary flow rate and saliva pH and IgA levels. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.

Alonso S.,University of Oviedo | Laca A.,University of Oviedo | Rendueles M.,University of Oviedo | Mayo B.,IPLA CSIC | Diaz M.,University of Oviedo
Journal of the Institute of Brewing | Year: 2015

The surface microbiota of different recognized apple varieties used to elaborate a Protected Designation of Origin cider was studied to analyse the microbial diversity and its potential link to the microorganisms involved in the cider fermentation process. The V3 region of the bacterial 16S gene and the D1 domain of the eukaryotic 26S gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and analysed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). The most intense bands found in the DGGE profiles were sequenced and compared with those in the GenBank database. The profiles showed a high microbial diversity, but little variation was found among the varieties. Identification of the bands showed that the usual species associated with an apple juice fermentation were not found, suggesting that the microorganisms responsible for spontaneous fermentation come from the equipment and the production environment. © 2015 The Institute of Brewing & Distilling.

Aakko J.,University of Turku | Sanchez B.,IPLA CSIC | Sanchez B.,University of Vigo | Gueimonde M.,University of Turku | Salminen S.,University of Turku
Journal of Applied Microbiology | Year: 2014

Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the heat-shock response at molecular level in Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 and their heat-tolerant derivatives and to characterize the changes that make the derivatives more robust in terms of heat stress. Methods and results: The study strains were exposed for 2 h to a heat-shock treatment, Bif. animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 and its derivative at 50°C and the Lact. rhamnosus GG and its derivative at 60°C. Protein synthesis before and after heat shock was examined using proteomics and RT-qPCR. The analysis revealed that the regulation of seven proteins in both strain pairs was modified as a response to heat or between the original and the derivative strain. The comparison of wild-type strains and the heat-tolerant derivatives suggests that the acquisition of heat tolerance in the Bif. animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 derivative is due to a slightly increased constitutive level of chaperones, while in Lact. rhamnosus GG derivative, the main reason seems to be a higher ability to induce the production of chaperones. Conclusions: This study revealed possible markers of heat tolerance in B. lactis and Lact. rhamnosus strains. Significance and impact of study: This study increases our knowledge on how Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains may acquire heat tolerance. These findings may be useful for improving the heat tolerance of existing probiotic strains as well as screening new heat-tolerant strains. © 2014 The Society for Applied Microbiology.

Bottacini F.,Alimentary Pharmabiotic Center | Milani C.,University of Parma | Turroni F.,Alimentary Pharmabiotic Center | Sanchez B.,IPLA CSIC | And 13 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Bifidobacteria are known as anaerobic/microaerophilic and fermentative microorganisms, which commonly inhabit the gastrointestinal tract of various animals and insects. Analysis of the 2,167,301 bp genome of Bifidobacterium asteroides PRL2011, a strain isolated from the hindgut of Apis mellifera var. ligustica, commonly known as the honey bee, revealed its predicted capability for respiratory metabolism. Conservation of the latter gene clusters in various B. asteroides strains enforces the notion that respiration is a common metabolic feature of this ancient bifidobacterial species, which has been lost in currently known mammal-derived Bifidobacterium species. In fact, phylogenomic based analyses suggested an ancient origin of B. asteroides and indicates it as an ancestor of the genus Bifidobacterium. Furthermore, the B. asteroides PRL2011 genome encodes various enzymes for coping with toxic products that arise as a result of oxygen-mediated respiration. © 2012 Bottacini et al.

Milani C.,University of Parma | Lugli G.A.,University of Parma | Duranti S.,University of Parma | Turroni F.,Alimentary Pharmabiotic Center | And 12 more authors.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology | Year: 2014

Bifidobacteria represent one of the dominant microbial groups that are present in the gut of various animals, being particularly prevalent during the suckling stage of life of humans and other mammals. However, the overall genome structure of this group of microorganisms remains largely unexplored. Here, we sequenced the genomes of 42 representative (sub)species across the Bifidobacterium genus and used this information to explore the overall genetic picture of this bacterial group. Furthermore, the genomic data described here were used to reconstruct the evolutionary development of the Bifidobacterium genus. This reconstruction suggests that its evolution was substantially influenced by genetic adaptations to obtain access to glycans, thereby representing a common and potent evolutionary force in shaping bifidobacterial genomes. © 2014, American Society for Microbiology.

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