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Cleland R.,IPIECA
World Petroleum Congress Proceedings | Year: 2014

The Issue: The oil and gas industry operates in complex environments; political and social instability is a feature of many resource-rich countries, resulting in potential security issues in companies' areas of operation. It is therefore imperative that the industry conducts business in a responsible way. Companies face challenges in producing and transporting oil/gas supplies safely and reliably when there are major, chronic disruptions often triggered by poverty, conflict, labour unrest, lack of access to basic human needs, and other social factors. These potential issues can cause costly delays, and affect the livelihoods of local populations, employees, and contractors. It is critical for business success to address potential security issues by implementing responsible security methodologies in order to ensure the safety and sustainability of the operating environment. An enabling environment that protects the population and prevents disruptions to operations also recognizes that there are mutual benefits to managing impacts and contributing to the social and economic development of the local communities. This includes promoting opportunities through local content and capacity building, social investment and access to affordable and safe energy. The Project: From 2013-2014 IPIECA is facilitating an industry effort to develop practical, field-level guidance on security and human rights. This will be accomplished through peer-learning workshops to exchange good practices and result in the production of guidance and tools for the industry. Workshops include the focus areas: i) Managing Public and Private Security (MOUs, vetting and selection, equipment transfers, and training); ii) Creating Foundations for Responsible Security (governance, risk assessments, community engagement); and iii) Responding to Incidents and Establishing Assurance (incident management, reporting and investigation, role of management systems, role of third parties). In addition to the three focus areas, case studies based on real-world scenarios are being developed to further stimulate discussion amongst workshop participants about the challenges and opportunities surrounding the implementation of responsible security operations. The Outcome: Early learning from these workshops will be presented at WPC as an initial step towards the production of final guidance later in 2014. © 2014 PwC LLP. All rights reserved.

Nicoll A.,Oil Spill Response Ltd | Cox R.,IPIECA
Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE International Conference and Exhibition on Health, Safety, Security, Environment, and Social Responsibility | Year: 2016

Following the Montara (2009) and Macondo (2010) oil spill incidents, the international oil industry has undertaken an unprecedented collective effort to apply the lessons from these and other oil spill incidents to improve the management and technical aspects of oil spill response. Over the last three years the IOGP/IPIECA Joint Industry Project (JIP) on Oil Spill Response has overseen 19 specific projects to enhance knowledge and understanding of good practice across a wide range of related technical disciplines. The legacy of this effort includes a comprehensive library of peer reviewed outputs ranging from scan/glance technical overview products through the broad suite of 24 Good Practice Guides, and also includes a number of deep study-level technical papers and reports. The challenge today is to inculcate this vast body of technical guidance into the awareness of decision makers through a coordinated programme of communication and outreach. The overarching aim is to raise levels of knowledge and understanding relating to the tools and techniques of oil spill response amongst opinion formers and decision-makers. In so doing, industry can overcome barriers that currently restrict/prevent access to use all available response tools, based on a scientific assessment of the most appropriate response strategies. Oil Spill Response Limited (OSRL) is working with industry on initiatives designed to socialise these outputs within a broad range of stakeholders. Key steps on this journey include: Stakeholder Mapping: understanding the organisations where exposure to the new suite of technical outputs will offer the greatest strategic reward. OSRL has analysed a wide range of stakeholder organisations and rated them according to their respective influence to differentiate organisations that only require a passive awareness from those where coordinated engagement offers the greatest opportunity to influence decision makers. Influence Multipliers: Seeding knowledge and understanding from within, through expanding the network of technical experts and advocates from within Oil Spill Response Organisations (OSROs) and other aligned organisations in the responder community. This strategy can also be used by member oil companies of OSRL and the JIP to reach deeper into these organisations to where oil spill response is not a core discipline. Leverage existing forums: Ensure the JIP outputs are firmly embedded in the activities of the IMO/IPIECA Global Initiative (GI) and also make more effective use of national and regional oil industry associations and other response community networks to give appropriate exposure to the JIP outputs. This paper will discuss each of these ongoing initiatives and will highlight the successes that have been achieved and the challenges that remain. Copyright 2016, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Murphy H.,IPIECA | Janus B.,Total S.A.
Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE E and P Health, Safety, Security and Environmental Conference - Americas 2015 | Year: 2015

The oil and gas sector continues to provide essential energy supply for society's economic development. Managing sustainability impacts associated with producing these fuels and other energy products is an important responsibility. This includes addressing the challenges associated with climate change, and operating in remote and sensitive areas of the world. An important practice is sustainability reporting. Clear and consistent reporting helps companies create a solid platform for productive engagement and performance improvement. For oil and gas companies, sustainability reporting provides a platform for describing how strategic issues-such as climate change and energy-are being addressed through long-term plans and current initiatives. As well as building external trust and confidence in a company, the process of reporting involving stakeholder engagement, data collection, analysis, communication and results can provide extensive opportunities for performance improvements. The gathering and analyses of performance data and information can highlight areas of weakness that require management attention on an ongoing basis. The process of measuring and tracking procedures to collect data enable in-depth analysis of company performance and can be used as a decision making tool. Organizational strategy and policy can be adjusted on the basis of results to improve performance. Ultimately sustainability reporting can lead to a status quo of continual improvement and better data management, which can improve business performance, operational efficiency and lead to cost savings. This paper will explore the various ways in which companies can improve HSE performance from the benefits provided by sustainability reporting which can include: - enhanced business value as investor confidence grows in response to evidence that the company is managing important risks and positioning itself to take advantage of emerging opportunities; - improved operations as employees develop a deeper understanding of a company's sustainability values, and performance indicators provide insight to support continuous improvement; - strengthened relationships as local community leaders, civil society representatives, government officials and regulators, and other key stakeholders learn how the company responsibly manages sustainability issues; and - enhanced trust and credibility as customers, suppliers and the wider society understand the company's brand, operations and products. Copyright 2015, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Coolbaugh T.,ExxonMobil | Cox R.,IPIECA
Proceedings of the 38th AMOP Technical Seminar on Environmental Contamination and Response | Year: 2015

Following the Gulf of Mexico spill in 2010, a large number of research projects were initiated with a focus on increased understanding of the science of dispersants, both for surface and subsea application. In the case of subsea dispersant use, approximately 2,800 m3 (740,000 gallons) were introduced at the well head during the spill response. The Macondo incident demonstrated the effective use of dispersant injection at the deep sea level in response to a subsea oil blow out. While there is a large amount of supporting evidence that subsea dispersant use was successful at significantly reducing the amount of oil that made it to the ocean surface during its use, several research projects were undertaken to better understand the details of subsea dispersant effectiveness. In particular, as part of an International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IOGP)-IPIECA Oil Spill Response JIP that was formed soon after the Macondo incident, a project was undertaken to examine the possibility of developing a bench scale rapid screening test to evaluate the efficacy of dispersal with varying dispersant type and Dispersant-Oil Ratio (DOR), crude oil types, and several other parameters of importance. In the summer of 2013, the research project was initiated with two international organizations (SINTEF and Cedre) to develop in parallel an approach to gaining a better understanding of subsea dispersant use. The objective was to validate the hypothesis that subsea dispersant injection allows for effective dispersion both in high and low energy situations. Uncertainty exists concerning the dispersion mechanism for subsea application and how physical/chemical parameters, such as the concentration of dispersants, type of oil and dispersant, affect the process. Another key variable is the energy involved during a blow-out and the extent to which variations in mixing energy contribute to dispersion efficiency and the opportunity to reduce DOR in subsea application versus surface application.

Johnston M.,CSBI | Romer R.,IPIECA
Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE International Conference and Exhibition on Health, Safety, Security, Environment, and Social Responsibility | Year: 2016

With the ever increasing concerns regarding the global loss in biodiversity, there is a growing need and expectation for developments to improve the way that biodiversity impacts are managed. By working in collaboration across oil & gas, mining and financial sectors, the CSBI has developed clear practical tools and guidance. The CSBI pools expertise and experience from three sectors to promote scientific, innovative and practical applications of the mitigation hierarchy to manage project-related impacts on biodiversity. This paper describes an integrated approach for improving the way in which projects avoid, reduce, restore and offset biodiversity impacts, and how this can be applied in relation to project timeline and underpinned by the collection of baseline biodiversity data. Copyright 2016, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Wyness A.,BP International Plc | Romer R.,IPIECA
Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE International Conference and Exhibition on Health, Safety, Security, Environment, and Social Responsibility | Year: 2016

Water constraints are predicted to increase as a result of population growth and increased living standards, pollution impacts and climate change impacts. IPIECA, the global oil and gas industry association for environmental and social issues, has implemented a structured, scenario based process to build a long-term vision to 2030 to help inform water management for the industry. This process was informed by published science, IPIECA member knowledge and external experts. The process involved the characterisation of numerous and complex uncertainties that may potentially arise by 2030, the dependencies between those uncertainties and the regional variation of those uncertainties. Through this characterization four independent and plausible future-state scenarios have been created, describing potential water management regimes in 15 years that could exist. These scenarios will allow, IPEICA to develop a vision for water management in the oil and gas sector, forming the basis of a roadmap for IPIECA and the industry to proactively plan for the future. Copyright 2016, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Taylor P.,IPIECA
World Petroleum Congress Proceedings | Year: 2014

This presentation deals with the vital role of key partnership between the Global Initiative and International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA), together with government and industry cooperation in oil spill preparedness, response, and cooperation. The key features of this partnership, its regional focus, and success factors are considered. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 21st World Petroleum is Congress 2014 Symposium (Russia 6/15-19/2014).

Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE International Conference on Health, Safety and Environment 2014: The Journey Continues | Year: 2014

Following the April 2010 Gulf of Mexico (Macondo) oil spill and the Montara incident in Australia, the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (OGP) formed the Global Industry Response Group. This Group identified nineteen oil spill response recommendations that are being addressed via an Oil Spill Response Joint Industry Project (OSR-JIP) during 2012-2014. The OSR-JIP is managed by IPIECA on behalf of OGP, in recognition of IPIECA's long-standing experience with oil spill response matters One of the nineteen recommendations concerned the development of an international guideline for offshore oil spill risk assessment and a method to better relate oil spill response resources to that risk. This paper describes the development and content of the guideline, including how the oil spill risk assessment process provides structured and relevant information to oil spill response planning for offshore operations. The process starts by defining the context of the assessment and describing the activity to be assessed. Thereafter it addresses a series of key questions, such as: • What can go wrong, leading to potential release of oil? • What happens to the spilled oil? • What are the impacts on key environmental - both ecological and socio-economic - receptors? • What is the risk for environmental damage? • How is the established risk utilised in oil spill response planning? The guideline draws on existing good practice in the determination of oil spill response resources. It promotes consideration, in tactical and logistical detail, of the preferred and viable response strategies to address scenarios covering the range of potential oil spills up to the most serious. The methodology to consider the scenarios follows a series of questions: • What are the viable techniques/strategies to deliver response with greatest net environment benefit? • What are the tactical measures required to implement the identified response strategies, considering technical, practical and safety factors? • What Tiered resources are required to mount the tactical measures and achieve effective response? The paper sums up useful tools, key information and the necessary level of detail that are essential to perform an oil spill risk assessment and use this in oil spill response planning. Copyright 2014, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE International Conference on Health, Safety and Environment 2014: The Journey Continues | Year: 2014

Global water scarcity and deteriorating water quality are increasingly becoming limiting factors to sustainable development; "one of the most pressing issues of the next millennium will be the managmenet of the limited freshwater resources of the world" (Shrek, et al. 1998, p.l). Society and business is dependent upon the resilience of water resources and the associated ecosystem services indirectly provided. The effective management of water resources for a multiplicity of users should consider the broader context of the economic, social and political landscape. Water forms an integral part of operations for all sectors, including the oil and gas industry. With increasing pressure on this scarce resource, business continuity for the oil and gas sector could be threatened, particularly as operations are occurring more often in challenging environments and there is a growing reliance on unconventional sources that have greater water demands. In recognition of both global and local water scarcity challenges, and the multi-faceted nature of water management, a more integrated approach to water resource management is being encouraged and advocated by the UN. The concept of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) encourages a more coordinated sustainable management of water resources among all water users within a river basin/aquifer. IWRM could be a valuable conceptual framework for the oil and gas sector given it has global operations and has to function in multiple different geographic and climatic contexts, across a range of jurisdictions working with different stakeholders. Given the limited knowledge and understanding on the uptake and applicability of IWRM for the oil and gas sector, this research, which has been supported by IPIECA, the global oil and gas industry association for environmental and social issues, and Kings College London, explores the uptake and applicability of IWRM for the sector. The paper will outline outcomes from a survey carried out across the corporate function of IPIECA member companies, as well as findings from interviews conducted at two oil refineries in OECD countries Australia and Germany. Opportunities for further research will be mentioned and the paper will highlight specific learnings for the sector as well as outline the business case for applying IWRM principles. © 2014, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

International Journal of Water Resources Development | Year: 2014

Water is an important resource for both business and society; it is a cross-cutting issue and should be managed using an integrated approach. Many businesses, such as oil and gas, have global operations in multiple geographic and climatic contexts across a range of jurisdictions. This paper explores whether the conceptual framework of integrated water resource management (IWRM) is an applicable approach for business to manage water issues. There are currently limited documented experiences of the relationship between business and IWRM. This article summarizes key findings from research that was supported by King's College London. Findings indicate that although IWRM is a high-level, holistic approach, the principles can be of value. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

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