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Strasbourg, France

Le Guyader L.,Paul Scherrer Institute | Kleibert A.,Paul Scherrer Institute | Nolting F.,Paul Scherrer Institute | Joly L.,IPCMS | And 5 more authors.
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | Year: 2013

Ultrafast control of a ferromagnet (FM) via exchange coupling with an antiferromagnet (AFM) is demonstrated in a Co/SmFeO3 heterostructure. Employing time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy combined with x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, a sub-100-ps change of the Co spins orientation by up to 10 driven by the ultrafast heating of the SmFeO3 orthoferrite substrate through its spin reorientation phase transition is revealed. Numerical modeling of the ultrafast-laser-induced heat profile in the heterostructure, and the subsequent coupled spins dynamics and equilibration of the spin systems suggest that the localized laser-induced spin reorientation is hindered compared with the static case. Moreover, numerical simulations show that a relatively small Co/SmFeO3 exchange interaction could be sufficient to induce a complete and fast spin reorientation transition (SRT). © 2013 American Physical Society. Source


Aye M.,Aix - Marseille University | Di Giorgio C.,Aix - Marseille University | Berque-Bestel I.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Aime A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 4 more authors.
Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis | Year: 2013

We proposed to evaluate the genotoxicity and mutagenicity of a new quantum dots (QDs) nanoplatform (QDsN), consisting of CdSe/ZnS core-shell QDs encapsulated by a natural fusogenic lipid (1,2-di-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC)) and functionalized by a nucleolipid N-[5'-(2',3'-di-oleoyl) uridine]-N',N',N'-trimethylammoniumtosylate (DOTAU). This QDs nanoplatform may represent a new therapeutic tool for the diagnosis and treatment of human cancers. The genotoxic, mutagenic and clastogenic effects of QDsN were compared to those of cadmium chloride (CdCl2). Three assays were used: (1) the Salmonella/microsome assay with four tester strains, (2) the comet assay and (3) the micronucleus test on CHO cells. The contribution of simulated sunlight was studied in the three assays while oxidative events were only explored in the comet assay in aliquots pretreated with the antioxidant l-ergothioneine. We found that QDsN could enter CHO-K1 cells and accumulate in cytoplasmic vesicles. It was not mutagenic in the Salmonella/mutagenicity test whereas CdCl2 was weakly positive. In the dark, both the QDsN and CdCl2 similarly induced dose-dependent increases in single-strand breaks and micronuclei. Exposure to simulated sunlight significantly potentiated the genotoxic activities of both QDsN and CdCl2, but did not significantly increase micronucleus frequencies. l-Ergothioneine significantly reduced but did not completely suppress the DNA-damaging activity of QDsN and CdCl2. The present results clearly point to the genotoxic properties and the risk of long-term adverse effects of such a nanoplatform if used for human anticancer therapy and diagnosis in the future. © 2012. Source


Gromer A.,University of Strasbourg | Nassar M.,University of Strasbourg | Thalmann F.,University of Strasbourg | Hebraud P.,IPCMS | Holl Y.,University of Strasbourg
Langmuir | Year: 2015

This paper presents a simulation tool applied to latex film formation by drying, a hybrid between a classical numerical resolution method using finite differences and cellular automata, and making use of object-oriented programming. It consists of dividing real space into cells and applying local physical laws to simulate the exchange of matter between neighboring cells. In a first step, the simulation was applied to the simple case of vertical drying of a latex containing only one population of monodisperse particles and water. Our results show how the distribution of latex particles evolves through the different drying stages due to a combination of diffusion, convection, and particle deformation. While repulsive interactions between the particles tend to favor homogeneous distributions in the first drying stage, concentration gradients that develop in opposite ways can be observed depending on the drying regime. The distributions, calculated in various cases, reproduce and extend several theoretical results and are in qualitative agreement with some experimental findings. © 2015 American Chemical Society. Source


Ligorio G.,Humboldt University of Berlin | Vittorio Nardi M.,Humboldt University of Berlin | Christodoulou C.,Humboldt University of Berlin | Florea I.,IPCMS | And 7 more authors.
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2014

Gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) were deposited on the surface of n- and p-type organic semiconductors to form defined model systems for charge storage based electrically addressable memory elements. We used ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy to study the electronic properties and found that the Au-NPs become positively charged because of photoelectron emission, evidenced by spectral shifts to higher binding energy. Upon illumination with light that can be absorbed by the organic semiconductors, dynamic charge neutrality of the Au-NPs could be re-established through electron transfer from excitons. The light-controlled charge state of the Au-NPs could add optical addressability to memory elements. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. Source


Wezka K.,University of Bath | Bouzid A.,IPCMS | Pizzey K.J.,University of Bath | Salmon P.S.,University of Bath | And 9 more authors.
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | Year: 2014

The evolution in structure of the prototypical network-forming glass GeSe2 is investigated at pressures up to ∼16 GPa by using a combination of neutron diffraction and first-principles molecular dynamics. The neutron diffraction work at pressures ≤8.2 GPa employed the method of isotope substitution, and the molecular dynamics simulations were performed with two different exchange-correlation functionals, the Becke-Lee-Yang-Parr (BLYP) and the hybrid Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof HSE06. The results show density-driven structural transformations that differ substantially from those observed in common oxide glasses such as SiO2 and GeO2. Edge-sharing tetrahedra persist as important structural motifs until a threshold pressure of ∼8.5 GPa is attained, whereupon a mediating role is found for homopolar bonds in the appearance of higher coordinated Ge-centered polyhedra. These mechanisms of network transformation are likely to be generic for the class of glass-forming materials where homopolar bonds and fragility-promoting edge-sharing motifs are prevalent in the ambient-pressure network. © 2014 American Physical Society. Source

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