Deming R.L.,Iowa Oncology Research Association CCOP |
Tai T.H.P.,Allan Blair Cancer Center
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2013
Purpose: The Bowel Function Questionnaire (BFQ) has been used in clinical trials to assess symptoms during and after pelvic radiotherapy (RT). This study evaluated the importance of symptoms in the BFQ from a patient perspective. Methods: Patients reported presence or absence of symptoms and rated importance of symptoms at baseline, 4 weeks after completion of pelvic RT, and 12 and 24 months after RT. The BFQ measured overall quality of life (QOL) and symptoms of nocturnal bowel movements, incontinence, clustering, need for protective clothing, inability to differentiate stool from gas, liquid bowel movements, urgency, cramping, and bleeding. Bowel movement frequency also was recorded. A content validity questionnaire (CVQ) was used to rate symptoms as not very important, moderately unimportant, neutral, moderately important, or very important. Results: Most of the 125 participating patients rated all symptoms as moderately or very important. Generally, patients gave similar ratings for symptom importance at all study points, and ratings were independent of whether the patient experienced the symptom. Measures of greatest importance (moderately or very important) at baseline were ability to control bowel movements (94 %), not having to wear protective clothing (90 %), and not having rectal bleeding (94 %). With the exception of need for protective clothing, the presence of a symptom at 4 weeks was associated with significantly worse QOL (P∈<∈.01 for all). Conclusions: The BFQ has excellent content validity. Patients rated most symptoms as moderately or very important, indicating the BFQ is an appropriate tool for symptom assessment during and after pelvic RT. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Yoon H.H.,Mayo Medical School |
Foster N.R.,Alliance Statistics and Data Center |
Meyers J.P.,Alliance Statistics and Data Center |
Steen P.D.,Meritcare Hospital CCOP |
And 5 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2016
Background: Carboplatin (C) and paclitaxel (P) are standard treatments for carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP). Everolimus, an mTOR inhibitor, exhibits activity in diverse cancer types. We did a phase II trial combining everolimus with CP for CUP. We also evaluated whether a gene expression profiling (GEP) test that predicts tissue of origin (TOO) could identify responsive patients. Patients and methods: A tumor biopsy was required for central confirmation of CUP and GEP. Patients with metastatic, untreated CUP received everolimus (30 mg weekly) with P (200 mg/m2) and C (area under the curve 6) every 3 weeks. The primary end point was response rate (RR), with 22% needed for success. The GEP test categorized patients into two groups: those having a TOO where CP is versus is not considered standard therapy. Results: Of 45 assessable patients, the RR was 36% (95% confidence interval 22% to 51%), which met criteria for success. Grade ≥3 toxicities were predominantly hematologic (80%). Adequate tissue for GEP was available in 38 patients and predicted 10 different TOOs. Patients with a TOO where platinum/taxane is a standard (n = 19) tended to have higher RR (53% versus 26%) and significantly longer PFS (6.4 versus 3.5 months) and OS (17.8 versus 8.3 months, P = 0.005), compared with patients (n = 19) with a TOO where platinum/taxane is not standard. Conclusions: Everolimus combined with CP demonstrated promising antitumor activity and an acceptable side-effect profile. A tumor biomarker identifying TOO may be useful to select CUP patients for specific antitumor regimens. © The Author 2015.
PubMed | Wichita Community Clinical Oncology Program, Toledo Community Hospital Oncology Program CCOP, Michigan Cancer Research Consortium, Meritcare Hospital CCOP and 4 more.
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase II | Journal: Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology | Year: 2016
Carboplatin (C) and paclitaxel (P) are standard treatments for carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP). Everolimus, an mTOR inhibitor, exhibits activity in diverse cancer types. We did a phase II trial combining everolimus with CP for CUP. We also evaluated whether a gene expression profiling (GEP) test that predicts tissue of origin (TOO) could identify responsive patients.A tumor biopsy was required for central confirmation of CUP and GEP. Patients with metastatic, untreated CUP received everolimus (30 mg weekly) with P (200 mg/m(2)) and C (area under the curve 6) every 3 weeks. The primary end point was response rate (RR), with 22% needed for success. The GEP test categorized patients into two groups: those having a TOO where CP is versus is not considered standard therapy.Of 45 assessable patients, the RR was 36% (95% confidence interval 22% to 51%), which met criteria for success. Grade 3 toxicities were predominantly hematologic (80%). Adequate tissue for GEP was available in 38 patients and predicted 10 different TOOs. Patients with a TOO where platinum/taxane is a standard (n = 19) tended to have higher RR (53% versus 26%) and significantly longer PFS (6.4 versus 3.5 months) and OS (17.8 versus 8.3 months, P = 0.005), compared with patients (n = 19) with a TOO where platinum/taxane is not standard.Everolimus combined with CP demonstrated promising antitumor activity and an acceptable side-effect profile. A tumor biomarker identifying TOO may be useful to select CUP patients for specific antitumor regimens.NCT00936702.
Kottschade L.A.,Mayo Medical School |
Suman V.J.,Mayo Medical School |
Amatruda III T.,Metro Minnesota Community Clinical Oncology Program |
McWilliams R.R.,Mayo Medical School |
And 6 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2011
Background: There is increasing evidence that paclitaxel and carboplatin are clinically active in the treatment of metastatic melanoma (MM). ABI-007 is an albumin-bound formulation of paclitaxel that has demonstrated single-agent activity against metastatic melanoma. Methods: A parallel phase II trial was conducted in patients with unresectable stage IV melanoma who were either chemotherapy naive (CN) or previously treated (PT). The treatment regimen consisted of ABI-007 (100 mg/m2) and carboplatin area under the curve (AUC2) administered on days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days. The primary aim of this study was objective response rate (RECIST). Results: Seventy-six patients (41 CN and 35 PT) were enrolled between November 2006 and July 2007. Three patients withdrew consent prior to starting treatment. The median number of treatment cycles was 4. There were 10 (25.6%) responses (1 complete response [CR] and 9 partial responses [PRs]) in the CN cohort (90% CI, 16.7%-42.3%) and 3 (8.8%) responses (3 PRs) in the PT cohort (90% CI, 2.5%-21.3%). Median progression-free survival was 4.5 months in the CN cohort and 4.1 months in the PT cohort. Median overall survival (OS) was 11.1 months in the CN group and 10.9 months in the PT group. Severe toxicities in both groups (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Effects v.3.0 ≥grade 3) included neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, neurosensory problems, fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. Conclusions: The weekly combination of ABI-007 and carboplatin appears to be moderately well tolerated, with promising clinical activity as therapy in patients who are chemotherapy naive and with modest antitumor activity in those previously treated. © 2010 American Cancer Society.
Jatoi A.,Mayo Medical School |
Soori G.,Missouri Valley Cancer Consortium |
Foster N.R.,Mayo Medical School |
Hiatt B.K.,Iowa Oncology Research Association CCOP |
And 6 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2010
Based on favorable preliminary clinical data and the need to identify effective, well-tolerated neoadjuvant regimens for patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer, this clinical trial was undertaken. Methods: This phase II study tested 500 mg/m2 neoadjuvant pemetrexed intravenously and carboplatin with an area under the curve of 6 intravenously on days 1 and 22 in conjunction with concomitant radiation of 5040 centigray, which was given in 28 daily fractions of 180 centigray. The primary endpoint was the rate of pathologic complete response. Results: This trial closed early because, during an interim analysis, the primary endpoint fell short. However, 26 eligible patients were accrued. Twenty (74%) were men. Performance scores of 0, 1, and 2 were seen in 16 (59%), 9 (33%), and 2 (7%), respectively. Among eligible patients, 6 of 26 (23%; 95% confidence interval 9-44%) demonstrated a pathologic complete response. Twenty-two underwent a complete cancer resection. The median survival was 17.8 months (95% confidence interval: 12.2-30.7 months). In the neoadjuvant setting, 22 patients had at least one grade 3 or worse adverse event, and 8 patients had at least one grade 4 event. Postoperatively (within 30 days of surgery), there were three deaths, one grade 4 event (thrombosis), and three grade 3 events. Conclusions: The neoadjuvant regimen tested within this phase II trial demonstrated antineoplastic activity but fell short of yielding a complete pathologic response rate that merits further testing. Copyright © 2010 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.
Sideras K.,Mayo Medical School |
Dueck A.C.,Mayo Clinic Arizona |
Hobday T.J.,Mayo Medical School |
Rowland Jr. K.M.,Carle Cancer Center |
And 7 more authors.
Clinical Breast Cancer | Year: 2012
Introduction: Angiogenesis is an established target for the treatment of MBC. Aflibercept (VEGF-Trap) is a humanized fusion protein, which binds VEGF-A, VEGF-B, and PIGF-1 and -2. Patients and Methods: A 2-stage phase II study with primary end points of confirmed tumor response and 6-month progression-free survival (PFS). If either end point was promising after the initial 21 patients, an additional 20 patients would be enrolled. Measurable disease, <2 previous chemotherapy treatments, previous anthracycline or taxane therapy, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1 were required. Aflibercept was given at a dose of 4 mg/kg intravenous every 14 days. Results: Twenty-one patients were enrolled; 71% had visceral disease, 57% were estrogen receptor negative, 19% had HER2+ disease with previous trastuzumab treatment, and 33% had 2 previous chemotherapy regimens. Partial response rate was 4.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.1%-23.8%) and 6-month PFS was 9.5% (95% CI, 1.2%-30.4%). Neither primary end point met efficacy goals and the study was terminated. A median of 3 cycles was given. Median PFS was 2.4 months. Common grade 3 or 4 adverse events were hypertension (33%), fatigue (19%), dyspnea (14%), and headache (14%). Two cases of severe left ventricular dysfunction were noted. Conclusions: Aflibercept did not meet efficacy goals in patients previously treated with MBC. Toxicity was as expected for anti-VEGF therapy. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Comparison of provider-assessed and patient-reported outcome measures of acute skin toxicity during a Phase III trial of mometasone cream versus placebo during breast radiotherapy: The North Central Cancer Treatment Group (N06C4)
Neben-Wittich M.A.,Mayo Medical School |
Atherton P.J.,Mayo Medical School |
Schwartz D.J.,Minneapolis Radiation Oncology |
Sloan J.A.,Mayo Medical School |
And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2011
Purpose: Considerable interobserver variability exists among providers and between providers and patients when measuring subjective symptoms. In the recently published Phase III N06C4 trial of mometasone cream vs. placebo to prevent radiation dermatitis, the primary provider-assessed (PA) endpoint, using the Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), was negative. However, prospectively planned secondary analyses of patient-reported outcomes (PROs), using the Skindex-16 and Skin Toxicity Assessment Tool (STAT), were positive. This study assesses the relationship between PA outcomes and PROs. Methods and Materials: Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated to compare the three tools. Statistical correlations were defined as follows: <0.5, mild; 0.5-0.7, moderate; and >0.7, strong. Results: CTCAE dermatitis moderately correlated with STAT erythema, and CTCAE pruritus strongly correlated with STAT itching. CTCAE pruritus had a moderate correlation with Skindex-16 itching. Comparing the 2 PRO tools, Skindex-16 itching correlated moderately with STAT itching. Skindex-16 burning, hurting, irritation, and persistence all showed the strongest correlation with STAT burning; they showed moderate correlations with STAT itching and tenderness. Conclusions: The PRO Skindex-16 correlated well with the PRO portions of STAT, but neither tool correlated well with CTCAE. PROs delineated a wider spectrum of toxicity than PA measures and provided more information on rash, redness, pruritus, and annoyance measures compared with CTCAE findings of rash and pruritus. PROs may provide a more complete measure of patient experience than single-symptom, PA endpoints in clinical trials assessing radiation skin toxicity. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Uhm J.H.,Mayo Medical School |
Ballman K.V.,Mayo Medical School |
Wu W.,Mayo Medical School |
Giannini C.,Mayo Medical School |
And 9 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2011
Purpose: Amplification of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene represents one of the most frequent gene alterations in glioblastoma (GBM). In the current study, we evaluated gefitinib, a potent EGFR inhibitor, in the treatment of adults with newly diagnosed GBM. Methods and Materials: Ninety-eight patients (96 evaluable) were accrued between May 18, 2001, and August 2, 2002. All were newly diagnosed GBM patients who were clinically and radiographically stable/improved after radiation treatment (enrollment within 5 weeks of radiation completion). No prior chemotherapy was permitted. EGFR amplification/mutation, as assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, was not required for treatment with gefitinib but was studied when tissues were available. Gefitinib was administered at 500 mg each day; for patients receiving dexamethasone or enzyme-inducing (CYP3A4) agents, dose was escalated to a maximum of 1,000 mg QD. Treatment cycles were repeated at 4-week intervals with brain magnetic resonance imaging at 8-week intervals. Results: Overall survival (OS; calculated from time of initial surgery) at 1 year (primary end point) with gefitinib was 54.2%, which was not statistically different compared with that of historical control population (48.9%, data from three previous Phase III North Central Cancer Treatment Group studies of newly diagnosed GBM patients). Progression-free survival (PFS) at 1 year post-RT (16.7%) was also not significantly different to that of historical controls (30.3%). Clinical outcome was not affected by EGFR status (amplification or vIII mutation). Fatigue (41%), rash (62%), and loose stools (58%) constituted the most frequent adverse events, the majority of these being limited to Grade 1/2. Of note, the occurrence of drug-related adverse effects, such as loose stools was associated with improved OS. Conclusions: In our evaluation of nearly 100 patients with newly diagnosed GBM, treatment with adjuvant gefitinib post-radiation was not associated with significant improvement in OS or PFS. However, patients who experienced gefitinib-associated adverse effects (rash/diarrhea) did demonstrate improved OS. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Mc Kean H.,Mayo Medical School |
Stella P.J.,Michigan Cancer Research Consortium |
Hillman S.L.,Mayo Medical School |
Rowland Jr. K.M.,Carle Cancer Center |
And 6 more authors.
Cancer Investigation | Year: 2011
How do oncologists choose therapy for the elderly? Oncologists assigned patients aged 65 years or older with incurable non-small cell lung cancer to: (a) carboplatin (AUC = 2) + paclitaxel 50 mg/m2 days 1, 8, 15 (28-day cycle ×A - 4) followed by gefitinib; or (b) gefitinib 250 mg/day. With (a), 12 of 34 were progression-free at 6 months; median time to cancer progression was 3.9 months. With (b), the same occurred in 11 of 28 patients with the latter being 4.9 months. The most common reason for conventional chemotherapy was oncologists opinion that the cancer was aggressive, and for gefitinib alone, patients reluctance to receive chemotherapy. Interestingly, age had no influence. Copyright © 2011 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Schild S.E.,Mayo Medical School |
Behl D.,Mayo Medical School |
Markovic S.N.,Mayo Medical School |
Brown P.D.,Mayo Medical School |
And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials | Year: 2010
Objectives: This study was performed to evaluate the addition of temozolomide (TMZ) to whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) for brain metastases from melanoma. Methods: Seven patients with brain metastases from melanoma were treated on a North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG) trial (N0274) of TMZ plus WBRT. TMZ was given orally in doses of 200 mg/m2 for 5 days every 4 weeks for up to 8 cycles. WBRT was started on the first day of TMZ and included the delivery of 3750 cGy in 15 fractions. In addition, separately analyzed was a cohort of 53 patients treated at the Mayo Clinic who received WBRT alone (39 patients) or WBRT plus TMZ (14 patients). Results: The median survival of the 7 patients treated on N0274 was 3.6 months with 2 of 7 (29%) failing in brain and 5 of 7 (71%) failing elsewhere. For the other cohort of 53 patients, the median survival was 3.8 months with WBRT alone compared 4.3 months for WBRT plus TMZ (P = 0.5). Conclusions: Patients did not appear to benefit from the addition of TMZ to WBRT for the treatment of their brain metastases. Further improvements in outcome will require research to discover more effective systemic therapy and RT techniques. © 2010 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.