Padova, Italy
Padova, Italy

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Della Puppa A.,University of Padua | De Pellegrin S.,University of Padua | D'Avella E.,University of Padua | Gioffre G.,University of Padua | And 7 more authors.
Acta Neurochirurgica | Year: 2013

Background: Only few data are available on the specific topic of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) guided surgery of high-grade gliomas (HGG) located in eloquent areas. Studies focusing specifically on the post-operative clinical outcome of such patients are yet not available, and it has not been so far explored whether such approach could be more suitable for some particular subgroups of patients. Methods: Patients affected by HGG in eloquent areas who underwent surgery assisted by 5-ALA fluorescence and intra-operative monitoring were prospectively recruited in our Department between June 2011 and August 2012. Resection rate was reported as complete resection of enhancing tumor (CRET), gross total resection (GTR) >98 % and GTR > 90 %. Clinical outcome was evaluated at 7, 30, and 90 days after surgery. Results: Thirty-one patients were enrolled. Resection was complete (CRET) in 74 % of patients. Tumor removal was stopped to avoid neurological impairment in 26 % of cases. GTR > 98 % and GTR > 90 % was achieved in 93 % and 100 % of cases, respectively. First surgery and awake surgery had a CRET rate of 80 % and 83 %, respectively. Even though at the first-week assessment 64 % of patients presented neurological impairment, there was a 3 % rate of severe morbidity at the 90th day assessment. Newly diagnosed patients had a significantly lower morbidity (0 %) and post-operative higher median KPS. Both pre-operative neurological condition and improvement after corticosteroids resulted significantly predictive of post-operative functional outcome. Conclusions: 5-ALA surgery assisted by functional mapping makes high HGG resection in eloquent areas feasible, through a reasonable rate of late morbidity. This emerges even more remarkably for selected patients. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Wien.

Ciccarino P.,University of Padua | Rotilio A.,University of Padua | Rossetto M.,University of Padua | Manara R.,University of Padua | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Neuro-Oncology | Year: 2012

Medulloblastoma in adulthood is uncommon but not rare; annual incidence is 2-20/1,000,000. Some peculiarities characterize medulloblastoma in adult patients compared with the child type: lateral cerebellar location, heterogeneous signal intensity on magnetic resonance imaging, desmoplastic histological variant, and more favourable prognosis. Preoperative diagnosis is crucial for correct management of these patients. However, because of the low incidence of medulloblastoma in the adult population, preoperative diagnosis remains challenging and prognostic factors and best treatment options are still controversial. In this setting, some unusual findings, for example multifocal presentation and extra-axial location, can confound diagnosis and make treatment difficult. We present a short case-illustrated review on these remarkable issues. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2011.

Della Puppa A.,University of Padua | Dal Pos S.,University of Padua | Zovato S.,IOV IRCCS of Padua | Orvieto E.,University of Padua | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Neuro-Oncology | Year: 2010

Prevalence of symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases among patients with breast cancer ranges from 5% to 16%, although autoptic studies have reported prevalence rates of up to 30%. Solid brain tumours are the most common presentation in the CNS (85-95%), and they tend to arise at the grey-white matter junction with a distribution that is proportional to the regional cerebral blood flow. Descriptions of solitary intra-ventricular metastasis are very rare; to date no cases from breast cancer have been reported in the literature. We present the unusual case of a breast cancer patient who developed a solitary choroid plexus metastasis in the left lateral ventricle. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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