Orsolya M.,Clinical Emergency County Hospital |
Attila-Zoltan M.,University County Hospital |
Gherman V.,University County Hospital |
Zaharie F.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca |
And 8 more authors.
Journal of B.U.ON. | Year: 2015
Purpose: The main objective of this study was to compare the effect of two anaesthetic techniques (general vs combined) on plasma levels of NGAL (Neutrophil Gelatinase Associated Lipocalin) after robotic urogenital oncosur- gery. The secondary objective was to correlate NGAL levels with the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods: This was a longitudinal prospective study. Forty patients were included and randomized in 2 groups: group C (N=16 cases; combined general-epidural anesthesia) and group G (N=24 cases; control group with general anesthesia). Demographic data, Charlson Comorbidity Index, Apache II, SOFA and ASA scores were similar in both groups. Serum creatinine was determined preoperatively and every 24 hrsfor 4 postoperative days to identify AKI according to RIFLE and AKIN criteria. Serum NGAL was determined at 6 and 12 hrs after induction of anesthesia. Results: Serum creatinine increased at 24 hrs postoperatively in both groups as compared to baseline, but significant changes were registered only in the G group (pcon- groups as compared with baseline levels (pcase=0.0034 vs Pcontrol=0.0001). The incidence of AKI was 12.50% (95% CI 0.4-34) in the C group and 37.50% (95% CI 17-58) in the G group (p=0.0909), respectively. Conclusion: Impaired renal function and AKI occurred in robot-assisted laparoscopic urogenital oncosurgery under both general and combined anaesthesia. The incidence of AKI was lower in patients undergoing combined anesthesia compared to general anaesthesia after robotic urogenital oncosurgery but the difference did not reach statistical significance. However, plasma levels of NGAL were significantly increased at 6 and 12 hrs in the general anaesthesia group as compared with combined anaesthesia. NGAL may be a better marker in detecting postoperative acute kidney injury. Further studies are needed.