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Viagrande, Italy

Colarossi L.,George Mason University | Memeo L.,Mediterranean Institute of Oncology | Memeo L.,IOM Ricerca srl | Colarossi C.,Mediterranean Institute of Oncology | And 5 more authors.
Proteomics - Clinical Applications | Year: 2014

Purpose: New treatment options for gastric cancer are in great demand. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are exciting therapeutic targets, but only the class I HDACs 1, 2, and 3 have been studied in gastric cancer. We have investigated class IIa HDAC expression and inhibition in gastric cancer cells. Experimental design: We measured the level of 27 (phospho)proteins related to class IIa HDAC expression and function in ten laser-capture microdissection gastric tumor samples compared to patient-matched adjacent normal mucosa. Following, we evaluated class IIa HDAC inhibition by MC1568 in SNU-16 gastric cancer cells alone and in combination with cisplatin or docetaxel. Results: We demonstrate for the first time an increase of HDAC4 in gastric tumor cells. HDAC4 inhibition had a synergistic effect with docetaxel treatment, shifting the cellular response from a cytostatic to a cytotoxic phenotype. This effect was associated with increased levels of cleaved caspases 3 and 9 and increased acetylated histone H3 Lys9/Lys14. Conclusions and clinical relevance: These data support in vivo studies investigating the potential clinical use of HDAC4 inhibitors in combination with docetaxel for the treatment of gastric cancer, lowering treatment doses of docetaxel to reduce the burden of adverse side effects on patients. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

Vanella L.,University of Catania | Vanella L.,Marshall University | Li Volti G.,University of Catania | Guccione S.,University of Catania | And 7 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2013

Insulin resistance with adipose tissue dysfunction and dysregulation in the production and secretion of adipokines is one of the hallmarks of metabolic syndrome. We have previously reported that increased levels of the heme oxygenase (HO) system, HO-1/HO-2 results in increased levels of adiponectin. Despite documentation of the existence of the anti-inflammatory axis HO-adiponectin, a possible protein-protein interaction between HO and adiponectin has not been examined. Here, we investigated the existence of protein interactions between HO-2 and adiponectin in the maintenance of adipocyte function during metabolic syndrome by integrating phenotypic and in silico studies. Compared to WT animals, HO-2 null mice displayed an increase in both visceral and subcutaneous fat content and reduced circulating adiponectin levels. The decrease in adiponectin was reversed by upregulation of HO-1. HO-2 depletion was associated with increased adipogenesis in cultured mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and decreased adiponectin levels in the culture media. In addition, HO-1 siRNA decreased adiponectin release. HO-2 was found to bind to the monomeric form of adiponectin, according to poses and calculated energies. HO-2-adiponectin interactions were validated by the two-hybrid system assay. In conclusion, protein-protein interactions between HO-2 and adiponectin highlight the role of HO-2 as a molecular chaperone for adiponectin assembly, while HO-1 increases adiponectin levels. Thus, crosstalk between HO-2 and HO-1 could be manipulated in a therapeutic approach to ameliorate the deleterious effects of obesity and the metabolic syndrome. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

Romano A.,University of Catania | Parrinello N.L.,University of Catania | Vetro C.,University of Catania | Forte S.,IOM Ricerca srl | And 7 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2015

Summary: In the attempt to find a peripheral blood biological marker that could mirror the dysregulated microenvironment of Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL), we analysed the amount of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), including the three main sub-types (monocytic, granulocytic and CD34 + fraction). The absolute MDSC count was investigated in 60 consecutive newly diagnosed HL patients and correlated with clinical variables at diagnosis and outcome. Patients received standard-of-care chemotherapy with the exception of interim fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET-2)-positive patients, who were switched early to a salvage regimen. All MDSC subsets were increased in HL patients compared to normal subjects (P < 0·0001) and were higher in non-responders. However, a strong prognostic significance was limited to immature (CD34+) MDSC. A cut-off level of 0·0045 × 109/l for CD34+MDSC resulted in 89% (95% confidence interval [CI] 52-99%) sensitivity and 92% (95% CI 81-98%) specificity. The positive predictive value to predict progression-free survival was 0·90 for PET-2 and 0·98 for CD34+MDSC count; the negative predictive value was 0·57 for PET-2 and 0·73 for CD34+MDSC. PFS was significantly shorter in patients with more than 0·0045 × 109 CD34+MDSC cells/l at diagnosis and/or PET-2 positivity (P < 0·0001). In conclusion, all circulating MDSC subsets are increased in HL; CD34+MDSC predict short PFS, similarly to PET-2 but with the advantage of being available at diagnosis. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Gulino R.,University of Catania | Gulino R.,IOM Ricerca srl | Parenti R.,University of Catania | Gulisano M.,University of Catania
BioMed Research International | Year: 2015

A hopeful spinal cord repairing strategy involves the activation of neural precursor cells. Unfortunately, their ability to generate neurons after injury appears limited. Another process promoting functional recovery is synaptic plasticity. We have previously studied some mechanisms of spinal plasticity involving BDNF, Shh, Notch-1, Numb, and Noggin, by using a mouse model of motoneuron depletion induced by cholera toxin-B saporin. TDP-43 is a nuclear RNA/DNA binding protein involved in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Interestingly, TDP-43 could be localized at the synapse and affect synaptic strength. Here, we would like to deepen the investigation of this model of spinal plasticity. After lesion, we observed a glial reaction and an activity-dependent modification of Shh, Noggin, and Numb proteins. By using multivariate regression models, we found that Shh and Noggin could affect motor performance and that these proteins could be associated with both TDP-43 and Numb. Our data suggest that TDP-43 is likely an important regulator of synaptic plasticity, probably in collaboration with other proteins involved in both neurogenesis and synaptic plasticity. Moreover, given the rapidly increasing knowledge about spinal cord plasticity, we believe that further efforts to achieve spinal cord repair by stimulating the intrinsic potential of spinal cord will produce interesting results. © 2015 Rosario Gulino et al. Source

Pagliuca A.,Oncology and Molecular Medicine | Valvo C.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Fabrizi E.,Oncology and Molecular Medicine | Di Martino S.,Oncology and Molecular Medicine | And 6 more authors.
Oncogene | Year: 2013

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) from the gene cluster miR-143-145 are diminished in cells of colorectal tumor origin when compared with normal colon epithelia. Until now, no report has addressed the coordinate action of these miRNAs in colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we performed a comprehensive molecular and functional analysis of the miRNA cluster regulatory network. First, we evaluated proliferation, migration, anchorage-independent growth and chemoresistance in the colon tumor cell lines after miR-143 and miR-145 restoration. Then, we assessed the contribution of single genes targeted by miR-143 and miR-145 by reinforcing their expression and checking functional recovery. Restoring miR-143 and miR-145 in colon cancer cells decreases proliferation, migration and chemoresistance. We identified cluster of differentiation 44 (CD44), Kruppel-like factor 5 (KLF5), Kirsten rat sarcoma 2 viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) and v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF) as proteins targeted by miR-143 and miR-145. Their re-expression can partially revert a decrease in transformation properties caused by the overexpression of miR-143 and miR-145. In addition, we determined a set of mRNAs that are diminished after reinforcing miR-143 and miR-145 expression. The whole transcriptome analysis ascertained that downregulated transcripts are enriched in predicted target genes in a statistically significant manner. A number of additional genes, whose expression decreases as a direct or indirect consequence of miR-143 and miR-145, reveals a complex regulatory network that affects cell signaling pathways involved in transformation. In conclusion, we identified a coordinated program of gene repression by miR-143 and miR-145, in CRC, where either of the two miRNAs share a target transcript, or where the target transcripts share a common signaling pathway. Major mediators of the oncosuppression by miR-143 and miR-145 are genes belonging to the growth factor receptor-mitogen-activated protein kinase network and to the p53 signaling pathway. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved 0950-9232/13. Source

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