Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-13-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 7.71M | Year: 2016
Scandium (Sc) is one of the highest valued elements in the periodic table and an element which is usually grouped in REEs as it shares many characteristics with Yttrium. Scandium technological applications are unique, as it is a key component in producing Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (Scandia-Stabilized-Zirconia solid electrolyte layer) or high strength Aluminum alloys used in aerospace and 3D printing applications (SCALMALLOY). Yet Scandium supply is limited due to its scarcity and the high cost of its production, which currently takes place in Asia and Russia. Europe has no production of Scandium, but is home to many Sc industrial end-users (Airbus, II-VI, KBM Affilips and others). In fact end-users like Airbus, are not deploying their Sc applications due to the lack of a secure Sc supply. The SCALE project sets about to develop and secure a European Sc supply chain through the development of technological innovations which will allow the extraction of Sc from European industrial residues. Bauxite Residues from alumina production (5 Million tons on dry basis per year in Europe) and acid wastes from TiO2 pigment production (1.4 Million tons on dry basis per year in Europe) have Sc concentrations which are considered exploitable, given a viable extraction technology. SCALE develops and demonstrates the value chain starting from residue and finishing to high tech end-product. In more detail: SCALE develops innovative technologies that can extract economically and sustainably Sc from dilute mediums (<100 mg/L) and upgrade them to pure oxides, metals and alloys at lower energy or material cost. SCALE extracts along with Sc all other REEs found in the by-products (AoGs BR on an annual base contain 10% of the European REE raw material imports) The industrially driven SCALE consortium covers the entire Sc value chain with 7 major European industries and further features 8 academic and research institutes and 4 engineering companies with track records in RTD.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2013-10 | Award Amount: 4.22M | Year: 2013
The main objective of this project is to develop a radically new manufacturing industrial green process based on the electrodeposition of aluminium from ionic liquids and post-processed the aluminium pure coating to obtain high-tech engineered metallic materials for the automotive and aeronautic sectors. This new process will replace conventional harmful techniques and will be more energy and material efficient. For achieving this goal, all barriers that difficult the industrialization of electrodeposition processes based on ionic liquid formulations will be overcome. SCAIL-UP project will seek for overcoming the barriers found in the upscaling of the process for electrodepositing Al with Ionic Liquids by the development of a radically new manufacturing industrial process for the automotive and aeronautic sectors. Thus the SCAIL-UP consortium will work on the design, development and validation of an industrial scale pilot plant that will be able to electroplate Al on current 3D polymeric (ABS) and metal (nickel alloys) industrial parts using Ionic Liquids.
News Article | December 5, 2016
The global ionic liquids market size is predicted to cross 50 kilo tons by end of the forecasted period growing at CAGR of more than 22%. Features like low viscosity, high thermal stability, high conductivity and minimal vapour pressure of ionic liquids have propelled the demand & growth of global ionic liquids market. An ion or cat ion choice in the synthesis of ionic liquids greatly affects their physical features like viscosity, conduction, density and polarity. Technological breakthroughs in the product development for niche applications in aerospace industry and pharmaceuticals sector is predicted to offer future growth avenues for the global ionic liquids market. Based on the product, the global ionic liquids market is bifurcated into piperidinium, ammonium, pyridinium, imidazolium, sulphonium, phosphonium and morpholinium. Based on the application, the global ionic liquids market is divided into plastics, solvents & catalysts, food, bio refineries, process & operating fluids and batteries & electronics. Solvents & catalysts section led the global ionic liquids market in 2014 as they could act both as solvent as well as co catalyst. These solvents & catalysts can react chemically with precursor of catalyst and form active catalyst complex. Request for a sample of this research report @ https://www.fractovia.org/request-sample/116 Food applications section is predicted to grow rapidly during the forecasted period. Consumer choice towards processed foods due to busy lifestyle and rise in purchasing power of consumers are the factors predicted to stimulate the growth & demand for ionic liquids for the section. Batteries & electronics section is predicted to experience normal gains during the forecasted period. Ionic liquids are used as electrolytic tool in the batteries and technological innovations are made in the batteries & electronics for including these ionic liquids in the batteries & electronics. Depending upon the geographical locations, the global ionic liquids market is bifurcated into North American subcontinent, APAC zone, European continent and rest of the world. The North American continent dominated the global ionic liquids market in 2014. USA contributed maximum market share during this year in terms of revenue. Strict government rules over the use of organic solvents in end use sectors like oil & gas sector, chemical sector and pharmaceuticals sector due to health & environmental concerns are predicted to promote the demand and growth of the ionic liquids industry in USA. This in turn has also resulted in demand & growth of the ionic liquids market of North America. The ionic liquids market of APAC zone is also predicted to grow rapidly during the forecasted period. The ionic liquids market in China contributed maximum market share in 2014. Change in focus towards acceptance of green solvents due to ecological concerns from organic equivalents is predicted to stimulate the demand of ionic liquids in China. It has many large-scale industries and is the key production hub of APAC zone. All this has contributed to grow of ionic liquids industry in APAC zone. Key industry players involved in the ionic liquids business and contributing towards the growth of the global ionic liquids market are as follows: • BASF SE • Solvionic SA • Solaronix • Wuhu Huaren Science and technology company limited • IOLITEC GmbH • Strem Chemicals • TCI • Coorstek Specialty Chemicals • Scionix • Reinste Nanoventure • Evonik Industries AG • Sooyangchemtec Company Limited • Santa Cruz Biotechnology • Merck KGAA • Proionic • Strem Chemicals Incorporation • The Chemours Company • Ionic Liquids Technologies GmbH • Jinkai Chemical Company Limited • Tatva Chintan Pharma Chem Private Limited • Solvay S.A. Fractovia.org is one of India's leading in-house and free news portal. It is fully automated, and operates on a constant premise, interfacing with news sites and offering redesigned breaking features to readers across the globe. Our mission is to offer individuals opportunities for connections with news writers and distributors which they can pursue. We operate by mapping articles pertaining to breaking news, constantly and progressively, against a pre-determined word-based theme, offering important connections to readers and clients, as well as distributers.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETOPEN-1-2014 | Award Amount: 3.87M | Year: 2015
In DIACAT we propose the development of a completely new technology for the direct photocatalytic conversion of CO2 into fine chemicals and fuels using visible light. The approach utilises the unique property of man-made diamond, now widely available at low economic cost, to generate solvated electrons upon light irradiation in solutions (e.g. in water and ionic liquids). The project will achieve the following major objectives on the way to the efficient production of chemicals from CO2 : - experimental and theoretical understanding of the principles of production of solvated electrons stemming from diamond - identification of optimal forms of nanostructured diamond (wires, foams pores) and surface modifications to achieve high photoelectron yield and long term performance - investigation of optimized energy up-conversion using optical nearfield excitation as a means for the direct use of sunlight for the excitation of electrons -characterisation of the chemical reactions which are driven by the solvated electrons in green solvents like water or ionic liquids and reaction conditions to maximise product yields. - demonstration of the feasibility of the direct reduction of CO2 in a laboratory environment. The ultimate outcome of the project will be the development of a novel technology for the direct transformation of CO2 into organic chemicals using illumination with visible light. On a larger perspective, this technology will make an important contribution to a future sustainable chemical production as man-made diamond is a low cost industrial material identified to be environmentally friendly. Our approach lays the foundation for the removal and transformation of carbon dioxide and at the same time a chemical route to store and transport energy from renewable sources. This will have a transformational impact on society as whole by bringing new opportunities for sustainable production and growth.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.5.1-1 | Award Amount: 5.77M | Year: 2011
The current requirements of the Post Combustion CO2 Capture (PCC) technology are: a) Reducing the parasitic energy load, b) Effectively addressing corrosion, c) Faster absorption/stripping rates, d) Less viscosity and less use of water, e) Confronting the problem of solvent degradation and volatility. These problems pose stimulating challenges for the synthesis of new solvents, aided by detailed molecular modeling of sorbate/sorbent interactions, and for new integrative module designs that enable their effective implementation in a process environment. In this context the IOLICAP proposal gathers expertise and skills form the domains of chemical synthesis of Ionic Liquids (ILs), molecular simulation/mechanical statistics, phase equilibrium, electrochemistry/corrosion, physicochemical/thermophysical characterisation, nanoporous materials & membrane technology and process engineering, aiming at the development and evaluation of novel Task Specific Ionic Liquid (TSILs) solvents that (a) short-term could replace the alkanolamines in currently existing PCC installations and (b) long-term would lead to the establishment of a novel CO2 capture process, based on hybrid absorption bed/membrane technology that will incorporate TSIL modified porous materials and membranes. Task Specific Ionic Liquids exhibit enhanced CO2 capture capacity, which is above the 0.5 mol/mol limit of the currently applied amine solvents. Due to the high number of possible IL structures that will be synthesised during the project and the easy tuneability of their chemical and physical properties it is expected that loading capacities above the threshold of 1 mol/mol will be achieved. In addition, ILs are less corrosive than amines and are dissociated so there is no need for using large quantities of water. ILs are also less volatile and less sensitive to flue gas impurities a fact that ensures less need for timely injection of fresh solvent. The aforementioned properties which will be studied and verified during the project, will have a high impact on the energy intensity of the capture process since they can lead to a significant reduction of the Scrubber/Stripper units size and consequently of the parasitic energy load. Ionic Liquid membranes are lately examined as candidates for CO2/N2 separation exhibiting performances that are above the boundary limit of a Roberson plot for this separation. IOLICAP project targets at the optimisation of the stability, selectivity (200), flux properties (1000-2000 Barrers) and production cost of Task Specific Ionic Liquid membranes and at the further enhancement of the process efficiency, through a combination of membrane technology with bed adsorption. Membrane technology is the less energy intensive candidate for CO2/N2 separation since there is no need for regeneration and constitutes a much more versatile and economically feasible technology especially for applications in energy intensive industry like the cement, steel and refineries.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.7.3.3 | Award Amount: 3.80M | Year: 2013
The present project aims at improving the performance of LiB and supercapacitors. This step requires a deep understanding of interfaces and interphases evolution within the electrode in cycling in order to control and improve their properties as addressed by the Topic ENERGY.2013.7.3.3 We propose in this project to create a network of multiprobe characterization techniques in order to investigate these interfaces and their behavior through in situ/in operando methods. The goal is to control and then optimize the negative electrode/electrolyte interface (active material morphology and functionalization, electrode formulation, electrolyte formulation) by investigating structural, chemical and morphological changes during electrochemical cyclability. As stated in the calls title Understanding interfaces in secondary batteries and super-capacitors through in situ methods, a deep insight in the process will be gained through a network of classical and advanced techniques of characterization including large scale instruments (synchrotron and neutron beam) to investigate the electrodes at molecular and atomic scale cross with a series of operando studies on model systems coupled with numerical simulations. The new data collected therein will lead us to propose enhancement strategies, which will be tested for performance and security, searching for the fundamental basis for the next innovative generation of large electrical energy storage devices (grid-scale). Since the project aims to improve interfacial and accompanying transport behaviour, we do not propose major efforts to develop new materials and we will focus on Silicon nanopowders and graphene as active or additive materials.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.10.2.1 | Award Amount: 3.20M | Year: 2012
Among today challenges that of energy needs is one of the most important. An obvious question is its production but the need of energy storage systems is almost as large. Renewable energies will not have an impact unless we find an efficient way to store the electricity that they produce. Energy should be available everywhere and at any time, this translates in a strong need for energy containers in the form of electrochemical storage. In this context, the NEST project aims to demonstrate and develop a new kind of integrated supercapacitors, electrochemical capacitors (ECs), as well as novel pseudocapacitors devices able to drastically enhance the energy storage capacity. The primary target of the project is to produce a micro-supercapacitor with integrated electrodes compatible with microelectronics process that can withstand solder reflow (280C for few minutes). We will associate the high surface area of a new kind of silicon nanostructures, to the high thermal stability of ionic liquids used as the electrolyte. We propose to integrate Si nanowires with sub-nanostructures such as silicon branches and nano-diamond coatings. Diamond coating will bring the additional advantage to allow using protonic electrolyte while keeping a wide 2-3 V electrochemical window. In addition to the giant surface area provided by the nanotree design, even higher capacitance will be achieved by using redox-active coating such as metal oxides and electro-conducting polymers (ECPs). As a result, this combination will lead to highly reversible surface redox reaction with electrochemical double layer capacitance. These new devices well adapted to peak power demand and storage while improving energy capacity will enhance the energy efficiency and consequently will increase the competitiveness of Europes industries.
Kummerer K.,Lüneburg University |
Menz J.,Lüneburg University |
Schubert T.,IOLITEC GmbH |
Thielemans W.,University of Nottingham
Chemosphere | Year: 2011
Synthetic nanoparticles have already been detected in the aquatic environment. Therefore, knowledge on their biodegradability is of utmost importance for risk assessment but such information is currently not available. Therefore, the biodegradability of fullerenes, single, double, multi-walled as well as COOH functionalized carbon nanotubes and cellulose and starch nanocrystals in aqueous environment has been investigated according to OECD standards. The biodegradability of starch and cellulose nanoparticles was also compared with the biodegradability of their macroscopic counterparts. Fullerenes and all carbon nanotubes did not biodegrade at all, while starch and cellulose nanoparticles biodegrade to similar levels as their macroscopic counterparts. However, neither comfortably met the criterion for ready biodegradability (60% after 28 days). The cellulose and starch nanoparticles were also found to degrade faster than their macroscopic counterparts due to their higher surface area. These findings are the first report of biodegradability of organic nanoparticles in the aquatic environment, an important accumulation environment for manmade compounds. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Schubert T.J.S.,IOLITEC GmbH
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik | Year: 2011
The combination of nanomaterials and ionic liquids offers multiple options for a set of future technologies. The applications range from the synthesis of nanomaterials in ionic liquids, the preparation of stable dispersions to numerous electrochemical tasks, e.g., dye solar cells or batteries. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Taige M.A.,IOLITEC GmbH |
Hilbert D.,IOLITEC GmbH |
Schubert T.J.S.,IOLITEC GmbH
Zeitschrift fur Physikalische Chemie | Year: 2012
Due to their unique properties like incombustibility, low vapor pressure, large electrochemical stability, wide liquid range and high thermal stability, ionic liquids have a great potential as components of electrolytes for lithium ion batteries. Lithium ion batteries with electrolytes on the basis of ionic liquids are safer than those with conventional electrolytes. Unfortunately, ionic liquids normally possess a higher viscosity and lower conductivity than conventional electrolytes. In order to decrease the viscosity and increase the conductivity of electrolytes based on ionic liquids, we prepared mixtures of ionic liquids. We could show that the viscosity of ionic liquids can be significantly reduced by using eutectic mixtures. Therefore, the conductivities of some mixtures were significantly higher than those of the pure ionic liquids. In addition, we could increase the conductivity by introducing functional groups in the side chain of the ionic liquids. © by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, München.