Marcondes C.R.,Embrapa Southeast Livestock |
Marques L.C.,Federal University of Pará |
Vozzi P.A.,Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria |
Aguiar J.F.,Agricultural Protection Agency of Goias |
And 3 more authors.
Livestock Research for Rural Development | Year: 2014
The Carabao breed (Bubalus bubalis kerebao) in Brazil may be endangered and at risk of losing specific qualities. This makes preservation and population studies extremely important. In this pedigree analysis on a Brazilian herd, low values for populational parameters and high mean endogamy were found. Mating optimization based on bulls of lesser kinship improves populational parameters and reduces inbreeding rates. Use of this tool, in addition to conservation programs, will help to mitigate genetic variability losses in the Brazilian Carabao herd, thus allowing its future enrollment in genetic improvement programs.
PubMed | Polytechnic Institute of LaSalle Beauvais, INVIVO NSA, French National Institute for Agricultural Research and National School of Engineering in Agricultural and Food Industries
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2017
Early-life microbial exposure is of particular importance to growth, immune system development and long-lasting health. Hence, early microbiota composition is a promising predictive biomarker for health and disease but still remains poorly characterized in regards to susceptibility to diarrhoea. In the present study, we aimed to assess if gut bacterial community diversity and composition during the suckling period were associated with differences in susceptibility of pigs to post-weaning diarrhoea. Twenty piglets from 5 sows (4 piglets / litter) were weaned in poor housing conditions to challenge their susceptibility to post-weaning diarrhoea. Two weeks after weaning, 13 pigs exhibited liquid faeces during 2 or 3 days and were defined as diarrhoeic (D) pigs. The other 7 pigs did not have diarrhea during the whole post-weaning experimental periodand were defined as healthy (H) pigs. Using a molecular characterisation of fecal microbiota with CE-SSCP fingerprint, Next Generation Sequencing and qPCR, we show that D and H pigs were mainly discriminated as early as postnatal day (PND) 7, i.e. 4 weeks before post-weaning diarrhoea occurence. At PND 7 H pigs displayed a lower evenness and a higher abundance of Prevotellaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Ruminocacaceae and Lactobacillaceae compared to D pigs. The sPLS regression method indicates that these bacterial families were strongly correlated to a higher Bacteroidetes abundance observed in PND 30 H pigs one week before diarrhoea. These results emphasize the potential of early microbiota diversity and composition as being an indicator of susceptibility to post-weaning diarrhoea. Furthermore, they support the health promoting strategies of pig herds through gut microbiota engineering.
Goachet A.G.,AgroSup Dijon |
Varloud M.,InVivo NSA |
Julliand V.,AgroSup Dijon
EAAP Scientific Series | Year: 2012
The present study aimed at evaluating the repeatability and reproducibility of digestibility measurements in horses. In a longitudinal study, four mature geldings were fed the same batch of grass hay and concentrate feed at a 70:30 ratio and a 1.7% BW total dry matter intake level for 3 weeks adaptation prior to and throughout the study. Four digestibility trials were performed in total, in week 1, 2, 7 and 8. Total tract digestibility was determined from both a 3-days total faecal collection (TFC) and a 4-days partial faecal collection (PFC). The PFC was evaluated using both ADL and AIA as internal markers. The repeatability and reproducibility of DM, OM, NDF, ADF, hemicelluloses, cellulose and CP digestibility were calculated. Average repeatability was 73.7% (12.5-99.6%) while average reproducibility was 52.5% (6.0-94.4%), depending on the method and nutrient studied. This study raised relevant questions about the reliability of digestibility measurements in horses.
News Article | December 15, 2016
Sarasota, FL, Dec. 15, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Zion Research has published a new report titled “Poultry Feed Market (Broilers, Layers, Turkeys and Other Types) by Additives (Amino Acids, Vitamins, Feed Enzymes, Antibiotics, Antioxidants and Feed Acidifiers): Global Industry Perspective, Comprehensive Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Segment, Trends and Forecast, 2015 – 2021”. According to the report, global demand for poultry feed market was valued at over USD 190.60 billion in 2015, is expected to reach above USD 226.20 billion in 2021 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of slightly above 2.90% between 2016 and 2021. Poultry feed is the feedstock used for feeding the poultry for obtaining high quality, improves growth rate and lower the mortality rate. The feedstock is of different types depending on the end product such as for eggs or meat. Poultry feedstock is almost used in every poultry farm owing to its cost effective and desired results. Browse through 32 Market Tables and 20 Figures spread over 110 Pages and in-depth TOC on “Global Poultry Feed Market: By Type, Additives, Size, Share, Growth, Analysis, Segment and Forecast 2015-2021”. Rising awareness for healthy protein diet results in high demand for poultry products drives the poultry feed market. Increasing consumption of meat and poultry products triggers the growth of poultry feed market. Moreover, escalating poultry business in developing countries led the high growth of poultry feed market. Though, rising occurrence of diseases such as bird flu may hamper the growth of the market. Also, high preliminary and maintenance cost is likely to impact the growth of poultry feed market. Nonetheless, funding and support from the government for expanding the poultry sector owing to high profit and to address unmet the demand from end users is expected to open new avenues in the near future. Based on the type, the poultry feed market can be segmented into broiler, turkeys, layers and other types. The broiler is the dominating segment owing to high preference from consumers and easily available in all parts of the world. It is estimated, the broiler will experience high growth in near future and would gather largest revenue share. Moreover, turkeys and layers are also highly consumed over some regions. Numerous additives are added to the feed to enhance the quality, mass production. Amino acids, vitamins, feed enzymes, antibiotics, antioxidants and feed acidifiers are some of the extensively used additives. Vitamins and feed enzymes are the significant segments. In addition, antibiotics and antioxidants are recently introduced and gaining traction in the market in recent times. Browse the full "Poultry Feed Market (Broilers, Layers, Turkeys and Other Types) by Additives (Amino Acids, Vitamins, Feed Enzymes, Antibiotics, Antioxidants and Feed Acidifiers): Global Industry Perspective, Comprehensive Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Segment, Trends and Forecast, 2015 – 2021" report at https://www.zionmarketresearch.com/report/poultry-feed-market North America dominated the poultry feed market owing to highest consumption of broilers. North America is leading in highest consumption of poultry feed. Factors attributing to the market growth are ongoing research for flavored, efficient and safe poultry feed in U.S. The flavored poultry feed helps in enhancing the feedstock for better palatability, high productivity of boilers and layer. U.S. accounted for around 83% of total revenue in North America for poultry feed in 2013. Broilers are leading type segment in North America whereas antibiotics are the widely consumed market segment. Asia-Pacific was the largest market in terms of poultry feed demand and revenue and would continue to dominate the market due to several factors. The market growth is mainly attributed to the increasing disposable income and escalating consumption of fast food. The accomplishment of several initiatives from the government surges the poultry farm business for yielding high profitable income. In recent times, contract farming is gaining huge demand in India as buyer supplies high-quality poultry feed and medications. This trend contributes to the high growth rate for this market in India. The presence of key players in Asia Pacific is also the factor led to the accelerating growth in this region. Inquire more about this report @ https://www.zionmarketresearch.com/inquiry/poultry-feed-market Latin America is anticipated to experience high growth for poultry feed market due to profitable production of poultry. Latin America includes various participants producing poultry feed and feeds additives. The high consumption of feed and feed additives in Latin America is due to the rising demand for poultry products from consumers as well as from the end user sectors. However, economic challenges in Brazil are expected to hinder the growth of Brazilian poultry market. Brazil is leading the market in this region, with more than half of the market share of both poultry feeds and feed additives. Argentina is also an emerging market in this region. Both countries are witnessing growth due to increasing consumption of meat and escalating opportunities for exporting meat. The Middle East and Africa are projected to have decent growth and will continue to grow in the coming years. This is mainly due to rise living standards, growing consumption of poultry product and increasing the population. Novus International Inc, Alltech Inc., Charoen Popkhand Foods, Royal DSM N.V., Evonik Industries AG, BASF, CHR. Hansen Holdings A/S, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Cargill Inc., ABF Plc, Suguna Foods, InVivo NSA, DLG Group and Nutreco NV among others are some of the key participants for the poultry feed market. This report segments the poultry feed market as follows: Zion Market Research is an obligated company. We create futuristic, cutting edge, informative reports ranging from industry reports, the company reports to country reports. We provide our clients not only with market statistics unveiled by avowed private publishers and public organizations but also with vogue and newest industry reports along with pre-eminent and niche company profiles. Our database of market research reports comprises a wide variety of reports from cardinal industries. Our database is been updated constantly in order to fulfill our clients with prompt and direct online access to our database. Keeping in mind the client’s needs, we have included expert insights on global industries, products, and market trends in this database. Last but not the least, we make it our duty to ensure the success of clients connected to us—after all—if you do well, a little of the light shines on us.
Xu S.,Qingdao Agricultural University |
Xu S.,U.S. Department of Agriculture |
Lee S.H.,U.S. Department of Agriculture |
Lee S.H.,National Academy of Agricultural Science |
And 3 more authors.
Research in Veterinary Science | Year: 2015
The effects of dietary supplementation of young broiler chickens with an organic selenium (Se) formulation, B-Traxim Se, on experimental necrotic enteritis (NE) were studied. Chickens treated with three Se doses (0.25, 0.50, 1.00mg/kg) from hatch were orally challenged with Eimeria maxima at 14 days of age followed by Clostridium perfringens to induce NE. Chickens fed with 0.50mg/kg Se showed significantly increased body weights and antibody levels against NetB, and significantly reduced gut lesions compared with non-supplemented chickens. However, there were no significant differences in Eimeria oocyst shedding between the Se-treated and non-supplemented groups. Levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, iNOS, LITAF, TNFSF15, AvBD6, AvBD8, and AvBD13 transcripts were increased in the gut and spleen of at least one of the three Se-treated groups compared with the non-treated group. These results suggest that dietary supplementation of young broilers with Se might be beneficial to reduce the negative consequence of NE. © 2014 .
Institute Regional Des Materiaux Avances Irma and Invivo Nsa | Date: 2014-05-28
This invention relates to a non-medical food additive that is an animal growth promoter containing 99% pure zeolite partially or totally exchanged with a C^(m+) cation (in other words a synthetic zeolite) with the general formula I below: It also relates to an additive premix and a supplemented food containing it and a method of improving the growth of animals.
Glencross B.,CSIRO |
Blyth D.,CSIRO |
Irvin S.,CSIRO |
Bourne N.,CSIRO |
And 3 more authors.
Aquaculture | Year: 2016
An experiment was conducted to examine the potential for the complete replacement of fishmeal (FM) and fish oil (FO) in diets for barramundi, Lates calcarifer. A series of diets were formulated to the same digestible protein and energy specifications, but which were designed with FM inclusion levels at 300, 200, 100 or 0. g/kg and FO at 100%, 30%, 15% or 0% of the added oil in the diets (4. ×. 4 factorial design). Ricebran oil was the alternative oil used in the growth study, while soybean meal and poultry meal were the main alternative protein sources used. For the growth study, fish of an initial weight of 154.4. ±. 1.1. g were randomly allocated across 48 tanks (three replicates per treatment). After eight weeks, the average weight gain across all treatments was 187.7. ±. 2.3. g/fish and feed conversion across all treatments averaged 1.04. ±. 0.01 feed/gain. A significant effect of FM on both feed intake and weight gain was observed, and this was observed as early as within the first few weeks, but no similar such effect was observed with FO. No effects were observed on protein deposition efficiency, though both lipid and energy deposition efficiencies were affected by FM level. The reduction in FO had a notable effect on the fatty acid composition of the diets and subsequently the fish fatty acid composition. Expression of key LC-PUFA metabolism genes in the liver of the fish was influenced by both FM and FO levels, but was only significant at the extremes of the treatment ranges. The results from this study demonstrate that there is clear potential to replace almost all the FM content of barramundi diets without loss of fish performance, up to and including diets with as little as 100. g/kg fishmeal. Replacement of fish oil was more successful with the ability to completely replace all FO demonstrated at all but the lowest inclusion levels of FM. These results clearly demonstrate that the near complete replacement of both FM and FO in barramundi diets is a technical reality. © 2015 .
Cho H.-J.,University of Melbourne |
Kosari S.,University of Melbourne |
Hunne B.,University of Melbourne |
Callaghan B.,University of Melbourne |
And 3 more authors.
Cell and Tissue Research | Year: 2015
This study has investigated the patterns of colocalisation of the conventional K cell marker, glucagon-like insulinotropic peptide (GIP), and the L cell markers, glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY), in enteroendocrine cells (EEC) of the small intestine and colon of mouse and pig. All combinations of the hormones, 3 in a cell, 2 in a cell and 1 at a time, were encountered. In both species, the three most common EEC types contained (1) both GLP-1 and PYY but not GIP, (2) GLP-1 alone or (3) GIP plus GLP-1 without PYY. Few GIP plus PYY cells and rare cells containing all 3 hormones were encountered. Gradients of cell types occurred along the intestine. For example, in mouse, there were no PYY cells in the duodenum and few in the jejunum, but >50 % of labelled EEC in the distal ileum and colon were PYY immunoreactive. By contrast, over 40 % of EEC in the pig duodenum contained PYY, and most also contained either GLP-1 or GIP. The gradient in pig was less pronounced. It is concluded that the traditional classification of K and L cells requires revision, and that there are major inter-species differences in the patterns of colocalisation of hormones that have been used to characterise K and L cells. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.