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Pittsburgh, PA, United States

Eight new species of ground beetles of the lebiine genus Dolichoctis Schmidt-Goebel, 1846, from New Guinea and the island of Seram are described: D. bisetosiceps from Goodenough Island off the southeast coast of Papua New Guinea; D. ivimkae, D. ocularis, D. latibasis, D. aterrima, and D. cylindripennis from eastern and northern Papua New Guinea; D. lackneri from central Papua Indonesia; and D. mehli from Seram. All species belong to the subgenus Spinidolichoctis Baehr, 1999, which is characterized by the dentate or spinose apex of the elytra and the absence of the anterior marginal seta of the pronotum. This subgenus mainly occurs in the Papuan Region with a few species recorded from the southern Oriental Region and from northeastern Australia. For the new species, differential diagnoses are provided that distinguish them from related or similarly shaped species. A complete new key is provided for the subgenus Spinidolichoctis. Some thoughts on evolution and biogeography of the genus Dolichoctis in New Guinea are outlined.

Davidson R.L.,Section of Invertebrate Zoology | Rykken J.,Harvard University | Farrell B.,Harvard University
ZooKeys | Year: 2011

As part of an All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory in Boston Harbor Islands national park area, an inventory of carabid beetles on 13 islands was conducted. Intensive sampling on ten of the islands, using an assortment of passive traps and limited hand collecting, resulted in the capture of 6,194 specimens, comprising 128 species. Among these species were seven new state records for Massachusetts (Acupalpus nanellus, Amara aulica, Amara bifrons, Apenes lucidulus, Bradycellus tantillus, Harpalus rubripes and Laemostenus terricola terricola-the last also a new country record; in passing we report also new state records for Harpalus rubripes from New York and Pennsylvania, Amara ovata from Pennsylvania, and the first mainland New York records for Asaphidion curtum). For most islands, there was a clear relationship between species richness and island area. Two islands, however, Calf and Grape, had far more species than their relatively small size would predict. Freshwater marshes on these islands, along with a suite of hygrophilous species, suggested that habitat diversity plays an important role in island species richness. Introduced species (18) comprised 14.0% of the total observed species richness, compared to 5.5% (17 out of 306 species) documented for Rhode Island. We surmise that the higher proportion of introduced species on the islands is, in part, due to a higher proportion of disturbed and open habitats as well as high rates of human traffic. We predict that more active sampling in specialized habitats would bring the total carabid fauna of the Boston Harbor Islands closer to that of Rhode Island or eastern Massachusetts in richness and composition; however, isolation, human disturbance and traffic, and limited habitat diversity all contribute to reducing the species pool on the islands relative to that on the mainland. © Robert L. Davidson et al.

The Brasiella tiger beetle fauna on Hispaniola, the second largest island of the Greater Antilles, has more species diversity than currently recognized as all populations previously have been assigned to the insular endemic Brasiella dominicana (Mandl). A comparative study of adult morphology, particularly male genitalic and female abdominal characters, for available Brasiella specimens from populations on Hispaniola, proposes eight additional new species also endemic to this island. Except for three sympatric species in the Sierra de Baoruco in southern Dominican Republic occurring in different habitats, all the Brasiella on Hispaniola appear to be allopatric. Most species occur in the major mountainous regions of Hispaniola. Two species, however, are known only from river floodplains in the southern coastal plain of the Dominican Republic. Brasiella dominicana (Mandl) and B. ocoa, new species, occur along river floodplains emanating from the eastern end of the Cordillera Central in the Dominican Republic. Two new Brasiella species, B. bellorum, and B. philipi, occur in the Cordillera Central, Dominican Republic, the former species from central portions, and the latter species from north slopes of this mountain range, respectively. Three new Brasiella species, B. rawlinsi, B. iviei, and B. youngi, are isolated in the Sierra de Baoruco, Dominican Republic, where each occupies a different habitat along an altitudinal gradient. The two new Brasiella species in Haiti are B. darlingtoniana, in the Massif de la Selle, and B. davidsoni, in the Massif de la Hotte. All nine Brasiella species on Hispaniola, along with B. viridicollis (Dejean) and its two subspecies on Cuba, belong to the viridicollis species group of the genus Brasiella based on criteria presented in earlier published phylo-genetic studies of Brazilian and West Indian tiger beetles. The subspecies Brasiella viridicollis fernandozayasi (Kippenhan, Ivie & Hopp) may represent a distinct species within this species group, whereas removal of Brasiella wickhami (W. Horn) from this species group seems warranted based on evidence presented. A general overview of species relationships for the Brasiella on Hispaniola are discussed, along with the current and ancestral geographic distributions of the Brasiella viridicollis species group in the West Indies. © Robert E. Acciavatti.

Bembidion (Lymnaeum) nigropiceum (Marsham) (=puritanum Hayward), a European species introduced into Massachusetts but presumed not to have become established, has been rediscovered during the Boston Harbor Islands All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory undertaken by the Museum of Comparative Zoology and the National Park Service. A summary is presented of treatment of this species in North America. Data on specimens collected are presented, along with observations on habitat and biology. Some speculations are presented about its highly specialized habitat in the gravel pushed up by high tide, which may act as a food-trapping sieve. A few words are included about future actions needed to resolve questions of distribution and behavior. © Robert L. Davidson, Jessica Rykken.

Larsen T.B.,Natural History Museum in London | Rawlins J.E.,Section of Invertebrate Zoology
Annals of Carnegie Museum | Year: 2015

This paper describes a new African skipper, Procampta admiratio (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Pyrginae: Tagiadini), inhabiting much of the Democratic Republic of Congo. It cannot be distinguished by external features from Procampta rara Holland, 1892, from Gabon, the Central African Republic, and West Africa. For 122 years the genus Procampta Holland, 1892, was thought to be a monotypic genus. The genitalia of the two species are very different and it was possible to confirm that those of the P. rara holotype were West African. On present knowledge the two species are wholly allopatric, though a specimen from Bangui, Central African Republic, is only 220 km north of the nearest P. admiratio.

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