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Capotorti G.,Interuniversity Research Center Biodiversity | Zavattero L.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Anzellotti I.,Interuniversity Research Center Biodiversity | Burrascano S.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 6 more authors.
Plant Biosystems | Year: 2012

The aims of this paper are to describe the state of the environmental knowledge of the terrestrial National Parks (NPs) in Italy and to assess their conservation status and their efficacy to deal with the pressures of land changes. We collected and analysed data regarding land units, vegetation series, old-growth forests, Important Plant Areas (IPAs) and changes in landscape conservation status, to provide a systemic overview of the condition of the NPs and to verify their effectiveness against pressures and impacts induced by human activities. Moreover, NPs were organised according to the ecoregional setting for a multi-scale interpretation of biodiversity baselines and indicators. The results highlight the essential role of NP system for biodiversity conservation in Italy. The long-term protection regime proved to be particularly effective as a means of conserving ageing forest communities, threatened vascular plants and contrasting threats posed by human-induced changes. However, this work points out the need for more detailed scientific data for a comprehensive assessment of the representativeness and effectiveness of the NP system. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source


Blasi C.,Interuniversity Research Center Biodiversity | Blasi C.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Capotorti G.,Interuniversity Research Center Biodiversity | Frondoni R.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 4 more authors.
Fitosociologia | Year: 2011

This paper presents the context, methodology and preliminary results of an ecoregionalisation process applied at national scale. Ecoregion delineation was based on robust biophysical stratification and on vegetation data, particularly vegetation series. Synphytosociological information proved to be very effective as diagnostic or descriptive feature, promoting the role of synphytosociology as scientific reference point for ecoregional programmes. Source


Capotorti G.,Interuniversity Research Center Biodiversity | Frondoni R.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Mollo B.,Interuniversity Research Center Biodiversity | Tilia A.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 2 more authors.
Fitosociologia | Year: 2011

In this paper, we promote the use of vegetation and land cover data as biodiversity indicators of pressure, state and impact for ecosystem goods and services in urban and periurban landscapes. In the case study of the Municipality of Rome, a Mediterranean metropolis with a long history of care for biodiversity conservation and sustainable development, recent landscape researches have been addressed towards typification of plant communities, modelling of vegetation series, ecological land classification, design of land ecological network and analysis of land cover change. The results of these investigations have been employed for the identification and ecological evaluation of some locally relevant ecosystem services - such as habitat provision, conservation of species diversity, urban climate regulation, and educational values - and provide experimental evidence of the bioindication potential of plant communities and vegetation series. Source

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