Mukhtarov F.,Azerbaijan University |
Fox S.,Free University of Berlin |
Mukhamedova N.,International Water Management Institute Central Asia |
Wegerich K.,International Water Management Institute Central Asia
Environmental Science and Policy | Year: 2015
Institutional design for water governance assumes the possibility of intentional introduction of policy innovations into the new contexts or amending existing institutions. Such institutional design has been common in the water sector and examples include participatory irrigation management, integrated water resources management plans and water privatization programmes. With increasing application of institutional design across various political, socio-economic and cultural settings, the importance of the context is increasingly accepted. The key question is therefore how to reconcile institutional design and contextual variability. Based on our research on the introduction of water user associations in parts of Turkey, Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan, we conclude that a top-down institutional design implemented nation-wide and not involving multiple stakeholders and engaging their views, is doomed to failure. As an alternative, we offer interactive institutional design, which is based on collaborative approaches to institutional design and treats design as works of assemblage. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Mohan Reddy J.,International Water Management Institute Central Asia
Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering | Year: 2013
A well-designed level basin irrigation system is easy to manage and has significant potential for achieving high application efficiency and improved salinity control, particularly when the field is laser-leveled. Over the years, three different criteria have arisen to design level basin irrigation systems. These are the volume-balance design criterion proposed by the Soil Conservation Service of the USDA, the limiting length design criterion, and the completion-of-advance design criterion. For achieving a performance that is close to the design performance, in addition to proper design, a well-defined irrigation schedule must be followed such that the soil moisture deficit at the time of irrigation is close to the design depth. The actual overall performance of a level basin irrigation system will otherwise be lower than the design performance. Using a mathematical simulation model, the performance of a level basin designed using the completion-ofadvance design approach was found to be robust relative to one designed using the limiting length approach. © 2013 American Society of Civil Engineers.