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Lampreia J.,International Virtual Institute on Global Change IVIG COPPE UFRJ | De Araujo M.S.M.,International Virtual Institute on Global Change IVIG COPPE UFRJ | De Campos C.P.,International Virtual Institute on Global Change IVIG COPPE UFRJ | Freitas M.A.V.,International Virtual Institute on Global Change IVIG COPPE UFRJ | And 5 more authors.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2011

This review paper discusses the perspectives for development of low carbon technologies in the Brazilian energy sector, leading the country to less carbon intensive emission patterns within the next decades. Brazil's current plans for expansion of its electricity matrix and overall energy sector data are briefly presented along with demand growth expectancy to illustrate the challenge faced. Existing literature on development scenarios for the country's energy sector is then analyzed separately, including IPCC's global emission scenarios, International Energy Agency's scenarios for South American industry, specific country focused reports and ongoing governmental plans. Selected low carbon technologies for the energy sector are then individually reviewed, providing an insight into their current stage of development, perspectives and bottlenecks within Brazil, based on a diversity of sources. As a conclusion the authors expose their opinion on what can be expected for the future of Brazil's energy sector, based on the likeliness of deployment of the selected technologies, giving overall recommendations on how to achieve optimistic expectations. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. Source

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