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Sevilla, Spain

The International University of Andalucía is a university in Andalucía, set up in 1994 to complete the area's educational system. It offers postgraduate and specialist courses. Wikipedia.

We consider some basic features of the existing olive monoculture in the province of Jaén, such as their surface scope and the keys that have marked its recent expansion. Likewise, the different landscape and economic reality underlying the apparent uniformity granting the existence of an impressive and continuous shrub skin. Subsequently, we repaired in the capacity that olives has had to generate heritage, in order to analyze the initiatives being undertaken to promote the dissemination of cultural values and the impact they can mean to a multifunctional use in territories where its presence is massive. Source

Ruiz-Luna A.,Laboratorio Of Manejo Ambiental | Cervantes Escobar A.,International University of Andalusia | Berlanga-Robles C.,Laboratorio Of Manejo Ambiental

This study contributes to the worldwide effort to update the status of mangroves, assessing a large mangrove distribution area in Mexico by analyzing Landsat MSS from the early 1970s and TM imagery from 2005. Four states (Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa, and Nayarit) integrate the northwest region of Mexico, where the mangrove area was estimated to be around 180,000 ha on both dates, with a reduction of about 2% by 2005. Nayarit by itself had a large decrease (>10,000 ha), while the other states increased their mangrove extent from 4 to 15%. However, this increase was probably a consequence of improved satellite capabilities in 2005 rather than mangrove expansion. Mangrove condition, measured through a normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), was categorized into four types based in the index value distributions. Type 1, representing the poorest condition, included values below the first quartile (Q1), while Type 4, the best condition, was indicated by values above Q3. One of the intermediate categories (Type 3) was dominant, accounting for >40% of the total mangrove surface in both the 1970s and 2005. Mangrove systems in northwest Mexico have different conditions of stress, and thus different management strategies should be identified to preserve and maintain those systems. © 2010 Society of Wetland Scientists. Source

Olive tree cultivation covers 90% of agricultural land in the province of Jaen. Since 1986 the production has increased dramatically, thanks to the expansion of the crop surface and the increase of irrigated area, a key to look for profitability. However, farmers are going through a new period of crisis, which triggered the stagnation in home prices in sales of bulk olive oil. Such circumstances have led to the economic infeasibility of most farms. In this context, the idea of a new restructuring of production begins to take shape in the discourse of various groups related to the sector. This paper presents the basis of such proposals and discussions about some of the territorial implications that could lead to take effect. Source

Martinez J.D.S.,University of Jaen | Simon V.J.G.,International University of Andalusia | Jimenez E.A.,University of Jaen
Estudios Geograficos

The olive grove in Andalusia suffered critical moments during the 20th century, and it was considered like a «culture problem» in the decades preceding the incorporation of Spain in the current European Union. Since then olive grove has known an exceptional economic conjuncture, like express his enormous superficial expansion or his notable productivity. In this work we approach the reasons that explain the consolidation of one of the most typical monocultures of southern Spain, indicating the diversity of situations that coexist under a seemingly monot-onous landscape and analyzing some cases that can well illustrate the set of changes experienced since 1986. Source

Objective The purpose of this paper is to assess the changes in the body composition and the cholesterol and triglycerides caused by a 6 weeks aerobic and resistance training program and a hypocaloric diet in a group of overweight post-menopausal women. Method The sample population was made up of 18 post-menopausal women, 9 of them were randomly assigned to the experimental group and the other 9 to the control group. All the women presented more than 12 months of amenorrhea and had an age between 46 and 62 years old. None of them were involved in any physical activity. Results Significant differences between experimental and control group were found in the variations of the body weight, the body fat mass and the muscle mass. No significant differences were found in the lipid profile. However, the effect size produced in the experimental group related to the control group was moderate for the decrease of the total cholesterol and the low density lipoproteins (LDL). Conclusion These data suggest that a short-term (6 weeks) aerobic and resistance training program and a hypocaloric diet in overweight postmenopausal women produces substantial improvements in the body composition and a trend to improve the lipid profile. These changes can have a positive impact in the quality of life. © 2014 Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte. Source

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