Sevilla, Spain

The International University of Andalucía is a university in Andalucía, set up in 1994 to complete the area's educational system. It offers postgraduate and specialist courses. Wikipedia.


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Mulcue-Nieto L.F.,Catholic University of Manizales | Mulcue-Nieto L.F.,International University of Andalusia | Mulcue-Nieto L.F.,University of Malaga | Mora-Lopez L.,International University of Andalusia | Mora-Lopez L.,University of Malaga
Applied Energy | Year: 2015

Photovoltaic applications are implemented on a large scale in buildings, with a view to reducing global warming sustainably, as well as to meet energy demand. Thousands of electricity generators have been installed in this process around the world. However, very few countries have technical regulations that enable the energy efficiency and yield to be optimised in building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV). On the other hand, all these normative should be a result of a serious study of the solar resource available in each region.This paper proposes a methodology to establish technical standards in order to limit the losses due to shading and orientation of the constructed surface areas, where any country could be taken as benchmark. Colombia is also taken as a case study, by performing a comparative analysis for different cities. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Mulcue-Nieto L.F.,Catholic University of Manizales | Mulcue-Nieto L.F.,International University of Andalusia | Mora-Lopez L.,International University of Andalusia | Mora-Lopez L.,University of Malaga
Solar Energy | Year: 2014

The use of photovoltaic solar energy is a growing reality worldwide and its main objective is to meet electricity demand in a sustainable manner. The so-called Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Power Systems (GCPS) prevail in urban zones, together with Building-integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV); whose performance and energy efficiency depends on different factors. The main aspects include those related to the solar radiation available in the geographical location of the facility, the climate, the orientation and tilt of the used surfaces, the appropriate design of the system and the quality of the components. Therefore, several methods have been proposed to try to predict the influence of the aforementioned variables on the amount of electricity produced. However, the majority are very tedious to implement or do not take the specific characteristics of the system into account.This paper proposes a simple and reliable expression, which can be used in low latitude countries. The case study is likewise performed for Colombia, with a comparative analysis for different cities of the angular losses and due to dirt, the losses due to temperature, the DC-AC conversion losses and the Performance Ratio of the system (PR). © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Alvarez-Galvez J.,Complutense University of Madrid | Alvarez-Galvez J.,International University of Andalusia
Social Science Computer Review | Year: 2016

Although several models in the literature analyze the dynamics of opinion formation, less attention has been paid to explain how the structure of social networks and their contextual circumstances can influence the course of minority public opinions. This work aims to pose three basic questions: (1) how the structure of social networks can affect the spread of minority opinion, (2) how committed agents influence this process, and (3) how mass media action, as a contextual factor, can vary different agents’ opinions and network composition. Agent-based modeling is used to create a network model of preferential attachment to explore how phenomena of minority opinion spreading can evolve under different simulated scenarios. This study shows that the success of minority opinions depends on network structure and composition and thus on external factors such as mass media action that can mediate the strength of these internal determinants. Although people tend to remain silent when they feel that their opinions are in the minority, our findings suggest that prevailing majority opinion may be promptly replaced by what was formerly minority opinion if core agents in the network structure and/or external sources support this view. © 2015, © The Author(s) 2015.


Alvarez-Galvez J.,International University of Andalusia | Alvarez-Galvez J.,Complutense University of Madrid
International Journal of Public Health | Year: 2016

Objectives: The study of perceived discrimination based on race and ethnic traits belongs to a long-held tradition in this field, but recent studies have found that non-ethnic discrimination based on factors such as gender, disability or age is also a crucial predictor of health outcomes. Methods: Using data from the European Social Survey (2010), and applying Boolean Factor Analysis and Ordered Logistic Regression models, this study is aimed to compare how ethnic and non-ethnic types of discrimination might affect self-rated health in the European context. Results: We found that non-ethnic types of discrimination produce stronger differences on health outcomes. This result indicates that the probabilities of presenting a poor state of health are significantly higher when individuals feel they are being discriminated against for social or demographic conditions (gender, age, sexuality or disability) rather than for ethnic reasons (nationality, race, ethnicity, language or religiosity). Conclusions: This study offers a clear comparison of health inequalities based on ethnic and non-ethnic types of discrimination in the European context, overcoming analytical based on binary indicators and simple measures of discrimination. © 2015, Swiss School of Public Health.


Ruiz-Luna A.,Laboratorio Of Manejo Ambiental | Cervantes Escobar A.,International University of Andalusia | Berlanga-Robles C.,Laboratorio Of Manejo Ambiental
Wetlands | Year: 2010

This study contributes to the worldwide effort to update the status of mangroves, assessing a large mangrove distribution area in Mexico by analyzing Landsat MSS from the early 1970s and TM imagery from 2005. Four states (Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa, and Nayarit) integrate the northwest region of Mexico, where the mangrove area was estimated to be around 180,000 ha on both dates, with a reduction of about 2% by 2005. Nayarit by itself had a large decrease (>10,000 ha), while the other states increased their mangrove extent from 4 to 15%. However, this increase was probably a consequence of improved satellite capabilities in 2005 rather than mangrove expansion. Mangrove condition, measured through a normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), was categorized into four types based in the index value distributions. Type 1, representing the poorest condition, included values below the first quartile (Q1), while Type 4, the best condition, was indicated by values above Q3. One of the intermediate categories (Type 3) was dominant, accounting for >40% of the total mangrove surface in both the 1970s and 2005. Mangrove systems in northwest Mexico have different conditions of stress, and thus different management strategies should be identified to preserve and maintain those systems. © 2010 Society of Wetland Scientists.


We consider some basic features of the existing olive monoculture in the province of Jaén, such as their surface scope and the keys that have marked its recent expansion. Likewise, the different landscape and economic reality underlying the apparent uniformity granting the existence of an impressive and continuous shrub skin. Subsequently, we repaired in the capacity that olives has had to generate heritage, in order to analyze the initiatives being undertaken to promote the dissemination of cultural values and the impact they can mean to a multifunctional use in territories where its presence is massive.


Olive tree cultivation covers 90% of agricultural land in the province of Jaen. Since 1986 the production has increased dramatically, thanks to the expansion of the crop surface and the increase of irrigated area, a key to look for profitability. However, farmers are going through a new period of crisis, which triggered the stagnation in home prices in sales of bulk olive oil. Such circumstances have led to the economic infeasibility of most farms. In this context, the idea of a new restructuring of production begins to take shape in the discourse of various groups related to the sector. This paper presents the basis of such proposals and discussions about some of the territorial implications that could lead to take effect.


Martinez J.D.S.,University of Jaén | Simon V.J.G.,International University of Andalusia | Jimenez E.A.,University of Jaén
Estudios Geograficos | Year: 2011

The olive grove in Andalusia suffered critical moments during the 20th century, and it was considered like a «culture problem» in the decades preceding the incorporation of Spain in the current European Union. Since then olive grove has known an exceptional economic conjuncture, like express his enormous superficial expansion or his notable productivity. In this work we approach the reasons that explain the consolidation of one of the most typical monocultures of southern Spain, indicating the diversity of situations that coexist under a seemingly monot-onous landscape and analyzing some cases that can well illustrate the set of changes experienced since 1986.


Objective The purpose of this paper is to assess the changes in the body composition and the cholesterol and triglycerides caused by a 6 weeks aerobic and resistance training program and a hypocaloric diet in a group of overweight post-menopausal women. Method The sample population was made up of 18 post-menopausal women, 9 of them were randomly assigned to the experimental group and the other 9 to the control group. All the women presented more than 12 months of amenorrhea and had an age between 46 and 62 years old. None of them were involved in any physical activity. Results Significant differences between experimental and control group were found in the variations of the body weight, the body fat mass and the muscle mass. No significant differences were found in the lipid profile. However, the effect size produced in the experimental group related to the control group was moderate for the decrease of the total cholesterol and the low density lipoproteins (LDL). Conclusion These data suggest that a short-term (6 weeks) aerobic and resistance training program and a hypocaloric diet in overweight postmenopausal women produces substantial improvements in the body composition and a trend to improve the lipid profile. These changes can have a positive impact in the quality of life. © 2014 Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte.


PubMed | International University of Andalusia
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of public health | Year: 2016

The study of perceived discrimination based on race and ethnic traits belongs to a long-held tradition in this field, but recent studies have found that non-ethnic discrimination based on factors such as gender, disability or age is also a crucial predictor of health outcomes.Using data from the European Social Survey (2010), and applying Boolean Factor Analysis and Ordered Logistic Regression models, this study is aimed to compare how ethnic and non-ethnic types of discrimination might affect self-rated health in the European context.We found that non-ethnic types of discrimination produce stronger differences on health outcomes. This result indicates that the probabilities of presenting a poor state of health are significantly higher when individuals feel they are being discriminated against for social or demographic conditions (gender, age, sexuality or disability) rather than for ethnic reasons (nationality, race, ethnicity, language or religiosity).This study offers a clear comparison of health inequalities based on ethnic and non-ethnic types of discrimination in the European context, overcoming analytical based on binary indicators and simple measures of discrimination.

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