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Peral de Arlanza, Spain

Menéndez Pelayo International University is a public university with administrative headquarters in Madrid and campuses in Santander, Valencia, Barcelona, Cartagena, Cuenca, Granada, Seville and Tenerife. The University also conducts classes at the Luis Seoane Foundation in La Coruña and the Huesca campus of the University of Zaragoza.UIMP is an "Autonomous Organization" within the Ministry of Education which, according to its bylaws, is defined as an "academic center for high culture" It was named in honor of Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo and is the primary institution in Spain for teaching the Spanish language and culture to foreign students.UIMP offers Master's degrees in many areas of study, including: "Teaching Spanish as a Foreign Language" ; "Renewable Energy", including fuel cells and hydrogen ; a graduate degree in "Economics and Finance", under the auspices of CEMFI; and "Contemporary History", with the participation of several other public universities. Wikipedia.

Adrianzen M.U.,Jardin Botanico de Missouri | Adrianzen M.U.,International University Menendez Pelayo
Revista de Biologia Tropical | Year: 2015

Amazonian forests are a vast storehouse of biodiversity and function as carbon sinks from biomass that accumulates in various tree species. In these forests, the taxa with the greatest contribution of biomass cannot be precisely defined, and the representative distribution of Myristicaceae in the Peruvian Amazon was the starting point for designing the present study, which aimed to quantify the biomass contribution of this family. For this, I analyzed the databases that corresponded to 38 sample units that were previously collected and that were provided by the Team Network and RAINFOR organizations. The analysis consisted in the estimation of biomass using pre-established allometric equations, Kruskal-Wallis sample comparisons, interpolation-analysis maps, and nonparametric multidimensional scaling (NMDS). The results showed that Myristicaceae is the fourth most important biomass contributor with 376.97Mg/ha (9.92Mg/ha in average), mainly due to its abundance. Additionally, the family shows a noticeable habitat preference for certain soil conditions in the physiographic units, such is the case of Virola pavonis in “varillales”, within “floodplain”, or Iryanthera tessmannii and Virola loretensis in sewage flooded areas or “igapó” specifically, and the preference of Virola elongata and Virola surinamensis for white water flooded areas or “várzea” edaphic conditions of the physiographic units taken in the study. © 2015, Universidad de Costa Rica. All Rights Reserved.

Garibaldi C.,University of Panama | Nieto-Ariza B.,International University Menendez Pelayo | Macia M.J.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Cayuela L.,Rey Juan Carlos University
Biotropica | Year: 2014

Many studies analyzing the relative contribution of soil properties versus distance-related processes on plant species composition have focused on lowland tropical forests. Very few have investigated two forest types simultaneously, to contrast ecological processes that assemble the communities. This study analyses-at the landscape scale-the relative contribution of soil and distance on lowland and submontane tropical forests, which co-occur in two reserves of the Azuero peninsula (Panama). Floristic inventories and soil sampling were conducted in 81 0.1-ha plots clustered in 27 sites, and data were analyzed using Mantel tests, variance partitioning and non-metric multidimensional scaling. The largest differences in floristic composition occurred between reserves in both forest types. Soil variation and geographic distance were important determinants of floristic composition, but their effects were highly correlated; together they explained 7-25 percent and 46-50 percent of the variation in lowland and submontane forests, respectively. Soil variables that had the best correlations with floristic composition were iron, zinc, and silt content in lowland, and calcium, copper, iron, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, and sand content in submontane forests. The studied forests showed a high beta diversity that seems to be related primarily with soils and, secondarily, with dispersal limitation and stochastic events. The results reveal a response of tree assemblages to environmental gradients, which are particularly conspicuous in Panama. The effects of limited dispersal seem to be more important in submontane than in lowland forests, probably as a result of higher isolation. © 2014 The Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation.

Calle-Rendon B.R.,International University Menendez Pelayo | Peck M.,University of Sussex | Bennett S.E.,Fundacion Maikuchiga | Morelos-Juarez C.,University of Sussex
Revista de Biologia Tropical | Year: 2016

There is increasing evidence that large-bodied primates play important roles as seed dispersers and in the maintenance of tree diversity in forest ecosystems. In this study we compared forest regeneration at two sites with differing primate abundances in the Ecuadorian Chocoan rainforest. We predicted: (1) significant differences in primate abundance between the two sites; (2) higher understory tree species richness and density at the site with greater primate abundance; (3) the site with lower primate abundance characterized by tree species dispersed by non-primate biotic agents and/or abiotic factors. We compared two sites, Tesoro Escondido (TE) a campesino cooperative, and the El Pambilar (EP) wildlife refuge that both maintain populations of mantled howler monkey (Alouatta palliata), the brown-headed spider monkey (Ateles fusciceps fusciceps) and the capuchin monkey (Cebus capucinus). We characterized canopy structure by point-quadrant sampling, determined primate abundance and sampled seedlings/saplings in 1 m2 plots, classifying tree species based on three dispersal syndromes: adapted for primate dispersal, dispersed by other biological agents, and abiotic dispersal. We compared sites in terms of primate abundance (groups and individuals observed per day) and regeneration characteristics (overall density, species richness, and dispersal syndrome). We carried out within site comparisons and constructed understory tree species accumulation curves. Overall the forests were structurally similar - with significantly higher densities of A. f. fusciceps at TE. Encounter rates for the other two primate species were similar at both sites. Understory tree density and species richness was significantly higher in TE with no stabilization of tree species accumulation curves. The species accumulation curve for understory trees at EP stabilized. Higher densities and species richness of primate dispersed tree species were observed at TE, with non-primate biotically dispersed tree species the dominant dispersal syndrome at both sites. Our observations are consistent with those from other studies investigating the role of large-bodied frugivorous primates in forest regeneration, and point to a general pattern: future lowland tropical forest tree diversity depends on maintaining robust populations of large primate species in these systems. It is highly probable that the maintenance of high levels of tree diversity in Chocoan rainforests is dependent on the conservation of its largest resident primate, the critically endangered brown-headed spider monkey (A. f. fusciceps). © 2016 Universidad de Costa Rica. All Rights Reserved.

Nilsson J.,C. Francisco Arizaga Luque N34 316 y Federico Paez | Solano-Ugalde A.,Fundacion Imaymana | Freile J.F.,Fundacion Numashir | Garcia-Dominguez J.,International University Menendez Pelayo
Cotinga | Year: 2013

Reportamos las primeras observaciones del Vireo Goliamarillo Vireo flavifrons en Ecuador, en base a tres registros separados, provenientes de las estribaciones andinas del noreste, estribaciones andinas noroccidentales y trópico húmedo noroccidental (febrero 2008, noviembre 2011, marzo 2012). El incremento en la intensidad del trabajo ornitológico de campo en Ecuador durante los últimos años ha generado un crecimiento en la cantidad de registros nuevos para el país, incluyendo especies migratorias y / o errantes como este vireo.

del Mar Soler-Hurtado M.,International University Menendez Pelayo | del Mar Soler-Hurtado M.,University of Seville | Lopez-Gonzalez P.J.,University of Seville
Marine Biology Research | Year: 2012

Two new gorgonian species of the gorgoniid genera Eugorgia and Leptogorgia are described from Los Ahorcados (Ecuador, Eastern Pacific). The distinctive features of Eugorgia ahorcadensis sp. nov. are the brownish-orange colour of the colony, the polyp-mounds (slightly raised with red rings) and the coenenchymal sclerites (red, yellow, some bicoloured, abundant spindles and disc-spindles with the presence of capstans, but no complete double discs or crosses). The new species is compared with its closest congeners, the Eastern Pacific species E. ampla and E. bradleyi. The distinctive features of Leptogorgia mariarosacea sp. nov. are: the red colony colour, the prominent polyp-mounds and the coenenchymal sclerites (red, no bicoloured sclerites, spindles abundant, capstans present, but no crosses). The new species is compared with its closest congeners, the Eastern Pacific species L. aequatorialis and L. diffusa. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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