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International University in Moscow - was established in 1991 by Mikhail Gorbachev and President George H. W. Bush, and was the first private university in Russia.In August 1991, President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev and President Bush launched a joint educational project - Soviet-American University, which later in the documents signed by the first Russian President Boris Yeltsin was named International University in Moscow.The president of the University - Gavriil Kharitonovich Popov - is a well-known Russian economist, a prominent politician, and the first Mayor of Moscow. Rector of the University - Sergey N. Krasavchenko is a renowned economist and politician, 1990-1999 member of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, first deputy head of the presidential administration and adviser to the Russian President.The university's main campus is located at 17 Leningradsky Prospect in central Moscow. Wikipedia.

Marinakis K.,International University in Moscow | Tsoulouhas T.,University of California at Merced
International Journal of Industrial Organization | Year: 2013

A highly acclaimed result is that tournaments are superior to piece rates when the agents are risk averse and their production activities are subject to a relatively large common shock. The reason is that tournaments allow the principal to trade insurance for lower income to the agents. Our analysis shows that this celebrated result does not carry over to the case when a limited liability (bankruptcy) constraint limits the payments the principal can make, provided that the liquidation value of the firm is sufficiently small. This finding has important implications for the vast number of limited liability firms. Even though limited liability becomes an issue for different ranges of liquidation values under the two schemes, tournaments are still superior when the liquidation value of the firm is intermediate or large, even though the limited liability constraint is still binding for intermediate values. Surprisingly, uncertainty in the price of output strengthens the need for tournaments by expanding the range of liquidation values over which tournaments are dominant, because price uncertainty introduces additional bankruptcy risk. These findings provide insight into policy implications in the contracting out of services by state and local governments, in procurement, in rent-seeking contests and in tournaments used by HMOs. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Polotnyanko N.A.,International University in Moscow | Khodakovskii I.L.,RAS Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry
Geochemistry International | Year: 2013

Literature thermodynamic data on species and particles existing in the heterogeneous PdO-H2O system were checked for consistency, and the equilibrium constants for dissolution of palladium oxide and hydroxide in water and for Pd2+ (aq) hydrolysis were recommended. Δf G 298.15 ° obtained in this work for Pd2+(aq) sharply differs (no less than by 6 kJ/mol) from values that are reported in fundamental thermodynamic reference books and based on experimentally measured palladium electrode potential at 25°C. Detailed examination of literature data on the thermodynamic properties of compounds in the Cl-Pd(aq) system is required to account for revealed inconsistency. © 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Dorkin S.M.,International University in Moscow | Kaptari L.P.,University of Perugia | Ciofi degli Atti C.,University of Perugia | Kampfer B.,Helmholtz Center Dresden
Few-Body Systems | Year: 2011

Different approaches to solve the spinor-spinor Bethe-Salpeter (BS) equation in Euclidean space are considered. It is argued that the complete set of Dirac matrices is the most appropriate basis to define the partial amplitudes and to solve numerically the resulting system of equations with realistic interaction kernels. Other representations can be obtained by performing proper unitary transformations. A generalization of the iteration method for finding the energy spectrum of the BS equation is discussed and examples of concrete calculations are presented. Comparison of relativistic calculations with available experimental data and with corresponding non relativistic results together with an analysis of the role of Lorentz boost effects and relativistic corrections are presented. A novel method related to the use of hyperspherical harmonics is considered for a representation of the vertex functions suitable for numerical calculations. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Polotnyanko N.A.,International University in Moscow | Khodakovskii I.L.,RAS Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry
Geochemistry International | Year: 2014

Based on the expert review of literature data on the thermodynamic properties of species in the Cl-Pd system, stepwise and overall stability constants are recommended for species of the composition [PdCln]2 - n, and the standard electrode potential of the half-cell PdCl4 2-/Pd(c) is evaluated at E298,15° = 0.646 ± 0.007 V, which corresponds to ΔfG298.15° = -400.4 ± 1.4 kJ/mol for the ion PdCl4 2-(aq). Derived from calorimetric data, ΔfH298.15° PdCl4 2-(aq) = -524.6 ± 1.6 kJ/mol and ΔfH298.15° Pd2+(aq) = 189.7 ± 2.6 kJ/mol. The assumed values of the overall stability constant of the PdCl4 2-ion and the standard electrode potential of the PdCl4 2-/Pd(c) half-cell correspond to ΔfG298.15° = 190.1 ± 1.4 kJ/mol and S298.15° = -94.2 ± 10 J/(mol K) for the Pd2+(aq) ion. © 2014 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Kravtchenko S.A.,International University in Moscow
Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya | Year: 2015

Social and cultural dynamics become faster and more complex thus impacting functions of life values including character of food consumption. Arguably, industrialization, rationalization and globalization have ambivalent consequences for human beings today. On the one hand, food consumption leaves its local cultural, seasonal and climatic context, becomes more efficiently and less time-consuming; its quality is controlled. On the other, - reflection of food by human beings becomes manipulated by global businesses pursuing pragmatic interests by means of imposing cosmopolitan food and respective tastes. Thus, new aspects of de-humanization and alienation do emerge along with culturally conditioned diseases. This Is a background for sociologists' efforts to re-discover explicit and latent functions of eating and analyze new vulnerabilities. © 2015 r.

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