Uninettuno International Telematic University

Rome, Italy

Uninettuno International Telematic University

Rome, Italy

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Fontaine R.G.,Duke University | Fida R.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Paciello M.,Uninettuno International Telematic University | Tisak M.S.,Bowling Green State University | Caprara G.V.,University of Rome La Sapienza
Psychology, Crime and Law | Year: 2014

Both peer relations problems and moral disengagement - the set of social-cognitive processes by which the moral content of an antisocial act is altered or removed so that the act may be more easily performed - have been repeatedly demonstrated to have a considerable impact on social development. Despite the fact that each has been found to be a reliable precursor to antisocial outcomes in youth, the relation of these two constructs in the emergence of criminal behavior has not been investigated. In the present study of 392 Italian youths, we investigated whether moral disengagement in late adolescence (16/18 years) mediates the relation between peer rejection in middle adolescence (14 years) and crime in early adulthood (18/20 years), controlling for aggressive conduct problems at age 14. Although peer rejection and aggression at age 14 did not directly affect criminal outcomes at age 18/20, we found that they indirectly impact the emergence of adult crime through moral disengagement in late adolescence (16/18 years). This finding is consistent with the theoretical position that the individual who is peer rejected and socially disfavored may, as a result of viewing the world as unfair and unjust, develop criminogenic judgment, and decision-making strategies (moral disengagement) that facilitate his or her pursuit of antisocial goals. Implications for intervention and rehabilitation, as well as directions for future research, are discussed. © 2012 Taylor & Francis.


Caprara G.V.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Tisak M.S.,Bowling Green State University | Alessandri G.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Fontaine R.G.,Duke University | And 2 more authors.
Developmental Psychology | Year: 2014

This study examines the role of moral disengagement in fostering engagement in aggression and violence through adolescence to young adulthood in accordance with a design in which the study of individual differences and of their relations is instrumental to address underlying intraindividual structures and process conducive to detrimental conduct. Participants were 345 young adults (52% females) who were followed across 4 time periods (T1 M age = 17 years to T4 M age = 25 years). The longitudinal relations among irritability, hostile rumination, and moral disengagement attest to a conceptual model in which moral disengagement is crucial in giving access to action to aggressive tendencies. Findings suggest that irritability and hostile rumination contributed to the development of each other reciprocally and significantly across time. While hostile rumination and moral disengagement significantly mediated the relation between irritability and violence, moral disengagement significantly mediated the relation between hostile rumination and violence. © 2013 American Psychological Association.


PubMed | University of Rome La Sapienza, Duke University, Bowling Green State University and Uninettuno International Telematic University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Developmental psychology | Year: 2014

This study examines the role of moral disengagement in fostering engagement in aggression and violence through adolescence to young adulthood in accordance with a design in which the study of individual differences and of their relations is instrumental to address underlying intraindividual structures and process conducive to detrimental conduct. Participants were 345 young adults (52% females) who were followed across 4 time periods (T1 M age = 17 years to T4 M age = 25 years). The longitudinal relations among irritability, hostile rumination, and moral disengagement attest to a conceptual model in which moral disengagement is crucial in giving access to action to aggressive tendencies. Findings suggest that irritability and hostile rumination contributed to the development of each other reciprocally and significantly across time. While hostile rumination and moral disengagement significantly mediated the relation between irritability and violence, moral disengagement significantly mediated the relation between hostile rumination and violence.


PubMed | University of Rome La Sapienza and Uninettuno International Telematic University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Eating and weight disorders : EWD | Year: 2016

Few studies have addressed the psychological characteristics of adolescents with binge eating disorder (BED). No research has focused on the psychological functioning of these adolescents parents or on the prevalence of traumatic experiences among them.In this study, 202 adolescents aged 11-13 and their parents were recruited from mental health clinics to complete the youth self-report(YSR), the response evaluation measure for youth (REM-71), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Symptom Check-List (SCL-90-R), and the traumatic experience checklist(TEC).Female adolescents scored higher than males on withdrawal, internalizing problems, dissociation, and somatization subscales. Boys scored higher than girls on externalizing problems and acting out subscales. Maternal depression predicted withdrawal and dissociation in female adolescents. Maternal sexual abuse predicted social problems in males and self-destructive behaviors in females. Paternal physical abuse predicted delinquent behavior and acting out in males.Our data suggest that parental traumatic experiences play a role in their offsprings mental health; the data also showed different psychopathological configurations in male and female adolescents with BED and their parents, suggesting the development of prevention and treatment polices specific to gender.

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