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Jensen P.D.,International Synergies Ltd | Jensen P.D.,University of Surrey
Resources, Conservation and Recycling | Year: 2016

This paper explores geospatial industrial diversity and its influence on the brokerage of industrial symbiosis working agreements (otherwise known as synergies). Research conducted in 2011 concluded that within third-party brokered resource exchanges between two or more normally unrelated companies, the industrial diversity of a given geographic area was the primary driver behind how far a material travels from its point of origin to its point of reuse. This conclusion was largely derived from intuition and the elimination of other widely discussed drivers or limitations to symbiotic resource movement (e.g., mental distances, resource value and/or the physical characteristics of a resource). The presented article sets out to empirically test this suggestion by mapping the geospatial industrial diversity of England and comparing it to the movement of resources within synergies facilitated by the National Industrial Symbiosis Programme (NISP). Among other results, it was established that there are correlations between geospatial industrial diversity and the distance materials move in addition to the number of synergy types and the replication of synergies facilitated within a given area. It was found that 76% of synergies were facilitated within areas of high (upper 10% of values) contiguous diversity, areas of high 'species' richness possessed a greater variety of synergies, and areas of high synergy replication were areas of high 'species' population evenness. Based on a sensitivity analysis of diversity indices and diversity mapping techniques, it was concluded that high 'species' richness provided the greatest opportunities for realising local industrial symbiosis. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SPIRE-06-2015 | Award Amount: 5.91M | Year: 2015

To pave the way forward for IS as a solution for more efficient processing and energy systems for the process industry, we will develop a secure ICT platform (SHAREBOX) for the flexible management of shared process resources that will provide plant operations and production managers with the robust and reliable information that they need in real-time in order to effectively and confidently share resources (plant, energy, water, residues, and recycled materials) with other companies in a symbiotic eco-system. A suite of new analysis and optimisation tools for flexible energy use and material flow integration will be developed for optimising symbiosis among companies. These tools will be based on input-output (IO) modelling for resource (waste and energy) supply-demand matching and process efficiency analysis (to understand physical and technological conditions), game theoretical (GT) approach for integrating company behaviour in cost-, benefit-, and resource-sharing (to understand economic conditions), and agent-based modelling (ABM) for designing the (economic, environmental, and social) optimal symbiotic network (to have the holistic optimum). The outputs from the SHAREBOX controller will provide plant and operations managers with commands for actions to be taken and/or recommendations for decision support. It will be ensured that all commands and recommendations a) fulfil plant operations requirements, b) are within the constraints of any contractual obligations, c) are in compliance with all regulatory thresholds, and d) deliver optimal impacts in terms of cost/savings and ecological footprints. The historical data that is generated by the SHAREBOX platform will be processed by data mining tools that will provide the production/process BIG DATA for symbiotic shared resources optimisation. The platform will be co-created, implemented and tested at 4 demo locations in EU, using realistic industrial streams and process conditions.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2012.6.3-2 | Award Amount: 3.71M | Year: 2012

The project will construct a theoretical framework for the analysis of resource efficiency, with detailed comparison of the trends and policies at EU and Member State (MS) level, cross-country econometric analysis to derive resource-reduction cost curves, and an analysis of business barriers to resource efficiency; thereby developing an enhanced understanding of the drivers of inefficient resource use. This will lead to an exploration of new concepts and paradigms that can bring about a radical increase in resource efficiency, and a vision for a resource-efficient economy in the EU, with suggestions also for new more resource-efficient business models for firms, and ideas for a global governance regime that can promote resource-efficient economies among the EUs trading partners and more widely will be explored. From its new vision for a resource-efficient Europe, the project will propose new policy mixes, business models and mechanisms of global governance through which resource-efficient economies may be promoted. This will lead in turn to intensive work on creating, modelling and visualising scenarios for the emergence of resource-efficient economies, through linking quantitative economic and ecological models, and simulating the policies and policy mixes derived in the earlier work, supplemented with appropriate LCA analysis for selected products and sectors, to ensure that the policies and business models in the scenarios lead to adequate absolute decoupling of economic activity from resource use and environmental degradation. The scenarios and associated policy analysis will be given an integrated interpretation across economic, ecological and social dimensions. The project will be explicitly geared to support policy efforts and initiatives on resource efficiency in the European Commission, and will involve a wide range of stakeholders from business, the policy world, and NGOs. The results will be widely disseminated in a variety of innovative ways.


Zadeh S.M.,University of Birmingham | Hunt D.V.L.,University of Birmingham | Rachel Lombardi D.,International Synergies Ltd | Rogers C.D.F.,University of Birmingham
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Water Management | Year: 2015

Urbanisation in the twenty-first century is accompanied by higher water demands per unit area of available space. The ability of water providers to meet these demands long term will require sustainable innovations in terms of water supply. Previous research by the authors has shown that urban mixed-use systems that share greywater (GW) between high-rise domestic dwellings (where GW production exceeds non-potable demands) and high-rise offices (where non-potable demands exceed GW production) could overcome these difficulties. This paper explores the carbon costs (embodied and operational) of such an urban arrangement by investigating the influence of membrane bioreactors (MBRs), constructed wetlands (CWs), building heights, floor plate areas and cross-connection distances. Five water supply scenarios are considered: scenario 1 (conventional mains treated offsite); scenarios 2a and 2b (individual GW treatment via CW/MBR); scenarios 3a and 3b (shared GW treatment via CW/MBR). Over a 15-year period it is shown that shared CW treatment had the lowest carbon dioxide emissions, saving up to 11% compared with conventional mains, whereas a shared MBR increased carbon dioxide emissions by up to 27%. Furthermore, most carbon dioxide savings occur when the ratio (height or floor area) of office building to residential building is 2:3. © 2015, Thomas Telford Services Ltd.


Lombardi D.R.,International Synergies Ltd | Laybourn P.,International Synergies Ltd
Journal of Industrial Ecology | Year: 2012

The most commonly cited definition of industrial symbiosis (IS), by Chertow (2000), has served well to foster discussion and research for more than a decade. The definition reflected the state of research and practice at the time; as both have advanced, some terms have been interpreted in substantially different ways. In this article we analyze those generally used terms for their connection to the ecological metaphor that is the root of industrial ecology, and their varied interpretations in IS research and practice over time. We then propose an updated definition intended to communicate the essence of IS as a tool for innovative green growth: IS engages diverse organizations in a network to foster eco-innovation and long-term culture change. Creating and sharing knowledge through the network yields mutually profitable transactions for novel sourcing of required inputs and value-added destinations for non-product outputs, as well as improved business and technical processes. We posit that, although geographic proximity is often associated with IS, it is neither necessary nor sufficient-nor is a singular focus on physical resource exchange. © 2012 by Yale University.


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Innovation Voucher | Award Amount: 5.00K | Year: 2014

International Synergies Limited have built a robust evidence base to show that its approach to Industrial Symbiosis delivers the win-win-win of economic growth, job creation, and reduced pollution and natural resource use. Its work has directly influenced policy at local, national and international levels with the European Commission citing ‘Industrial Symbiosis’ (NISP) as an innovative means to achieve green growth: the Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe calls for Europe- wide Industrial Symbiosis, based on our award-winning NISP® brand. By taking advice on international IP issues and exploring a franchise model, International Synergies hopes to enable a more rapid replication of its brand around the globe


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Feasibility Study | Award Amount: 51.99K | Year: 2014

The project will evaluate the use of data on waste arisings to identify where waste streams can potentially be utilised as low-carbon, and/or low-cost, alternative raw materials (ARM) for major infarastructure (construction) projects. This will benefit businesses generating waste materials by identifying alternative uses for their waste streams within the construction sector, potentially reducing disposal costs and/or generating additional income. There is a growing awareness of the sustainability costs (environmental, economic and social) associated with construction as well as growing awareness of the potential to reuse or recycle waste materials. Currently a lack of information on the availability of ARMs and a lack of coordination across major projects prevents the reuse of many materials. This project will test the feasibility of using environmental data to develop a system that signposts ARMs for infrastructure projects, and has the potential to deliver cost savings and carbon savings.The Environment Agency will provide the data and act in an advisory capacity to the project.

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