Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 165.83K | Year: 2014
The shipping industry is essential to global trade and thus the economy of the UK, yet it is also a significant producer of greenhouse gases. Therefore it is essential to optimise the efficiency of individual ships to reduce their impact on global climate change. One way to do this is ensure that their hulls are smooth and clean by using the best possible fouling control coating. This project aims to connect a company with a vast amount of data and traditional industry expertise, International Paint Ltd. with three high-tech companies, South Coast GIS, PHP Genie , and Ecoteknica, who can process/sort vast amounts of data into a useable formats, undertake advanced data analysis and predictive modelling and produce innovative intelligent tools to visualise ship efficiency and in doing so enable the application of bespoke fouling control coatings to each and every ship, saving owners money and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: OCEAN 2013.3 | Award Amount: 11.27M | Year: 2014
Marine biofouling, the unwanted colonization of marine organisms on surfaces immersed in seawater has a huge economic and environmental impact in terms of maintenance requirements for marine structures, increased vessel fuel consumption, operating costs, greenhouse gas emissions and spread of non-indigenous species. The SEAFRONT project will aim to significantly advance the control of biofouling and reduce hydrodynamic drag by integrating multiple technology concepts such as surface structure, surface chemistry and bio-active/bio-based fouling control methodologies into one environmentally benign and drag-reducing solution for mobile and stationary maritime applications. In parallel, a combination of laboratory-based performance benchmarking and end-user field trials will be undertaken in order to develop an enhanced fundamental/mechanistic understanding of the coating-biofouling interaction, the impact of this on hydrodynamic drag and to inform technology development and down-selection of promising fouling control solutions. This project aims to facilitate a leap forward in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from marine transport and the conservation of the marine ecosystem by adopting a multidisciplinary and synergistic approach to fouling control.
News Article | November 10, 2016
Demand for corrosion protective coatings and acid proof lining materials will continue to witness steady demand in 2016, with global revenues totalling 31,636.2 Mn in 2016, an increase of 5.5% over 2015. Slow, yet promising growth in the construction sector will continue to drive adoption of corrosion protective coatings and acid proof lining materials in 2016. Demand will also be strong in the marine sector, with annual revenues expected to total 6,628.1 Mn in 2016, a 5.2% increase over 2015. Innovation in coating technology will continue to open up new avenues of growth in 2016. Shift from solvent-borne technology to waterborne technology will continue to gain momentum, with the former expected to witness a 4.5% year-over-year growth in 2016 over 2015. The water-borne technology segment will witness 6.3% y-o-y growth in 2016 over 2015. Increasing investment by key players in developing economies is also expected to strengthen demand for corrosion protective coatings and acid proof lining materials. Polymer coatings will continue to remain the largest corrosion protective coating product type, representing revenues worth 17,597.4 Mn in 2016, an increase of 5.8% over 2015. Ceramic & carbon brick lining will remain the most lucrative product segment in acid proof lining segment, representing 1,068.1Mn in revenues in 2016. Demand for corrosion protective and acid proof lining materials will remain strongest in Asia Pacific, with the region representing 36.7% revenue share in 2016. Steady pace of construction in the emerging countries of Asia Pacific will continue to create sustained demand for corrosion protective coatings and acid proof lining materials in 2016 and beyond. North America and Eastern Europe will maintain their position as the second- and third- largest market for corrosion protective and acid proof lining materials in 2016. These two regions will collectively account for 33.6% revenue share of the market in 2016. BASF Coatings GmbH, PPG Industries, Inc., The Sherwin-Williams Company, Ashland Inc., Axalta Coating Systems Ltd., Hempel A/S, International Paint Ltd., and Jotun A/S etc. are some of the leading players in the global corrosion protective coatings and acid proof lining market. Concerns on the environmental impact of coatings and acid proof lining materials is influencing leading companies to focus on developing sustainable products -- FMI expects this trend to gain further momentum in 2016. Long-term Outlook: FMI maintains a positive long-term outlook on the corrosion protective coatings and acid proof lining market, anticipating the market to increase at 6.2% CAGR during the forecast period 2015-2025.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 3.28M | Year: 2010
The main research goal of SEACOAT is to improve understanding of biointerfacial processes involved in the colonisation of surfaces by marine fouling organisms. Our vision is that this enhanced understanding will inform the future development of new, environmentally-benign materials and coatings for the practical control of marine biofouling. Our principal objective is to discover which nano- and micro-scale physico-chemical properties of surfaces influence the adhesion of fouling organisms, through the use of surface engineering technologies to fabricate coatings that vary systematically in relevant surface properties, and length scales. We will use advanced surface analytical methods to characterise test surfaces for relevant physico-chemical surface properties and how these change after immersion. Parallel adhesion bioassays using a range of representative marine organisms will test intrinsic antifouling properties of surfaces. The network is an interdisciplinary cooperative of chemists, physicists and marine biologists. Intersectoral aspects unite basic and applied scientists working in universities, a large company and an SME. The projects S&T objectives will be delivered through research in 4 main Work Packages: viz. WP1-Surface Engineering, WP2-Surface Analytics, WP3-Bioadhesion, WP4- Integration. Two additional Work Packages (WP5, WP6) will be concerned with the Dissemination of project results and the Management of the Network respectively. The aim of the Training Programme is to increase the knowledge base and experience of trainees in each of the Thematic Areas and to develop their transferable skills for future careers in industry or academia. Six training objectives will be delivered through a suite of 7 Core Skills Areas (Research Project, Advanced Training Courses, Project Conferences, International Winter Workshop, Career Development Plan, Generic Research Skills, Transferable Research Skills).
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 131.17K | Year: 2011
It is interesting to speculate that Nelsons victory at Trafalgar was due to an absence of biofouling on the ships hulls (which were made of copper, a known biocide) allowing them superior speed.Biofouling is the undesirable accumulation of microorganisms, algae etc which occurs on submersed structures. The effects of biofouling are considerable; increased frictional drag, leading to increased fuel consumption and associated CO2, SOx, NOx emissions; restrictions in internal pipe dimensions leading to loss of flow, increased pressure and poor heat exchange in pipelines and commonly, the development of biofilms that provide habitats for the development of aggressive micro climates that are extremely acidic and lead to rapid rates of corrosion and structural failure, e.g., BP Purdoe Bay pipeline failure was due to microbial induced corrosion (MIC).The aim of this project is to commercialise a non-biocidal antifouling coating. The coating is based upon the concept that protective bacteria encapsulated within a sol-gel matrix, and applied to a surface, will prevent harmful biofilms forming on that surface. The protective bacteria in this case consist of endospores that are naturally ocurring in soil and are non-pathogenic. The concept has been proven in an EPSRC project that will end in October 2010.We propose to work with selected partners who manufacture coatings for the key markets that utilise antifouling coatings. The partners will help with commercial performance testing that will allow us to benchmark our coating against current commercially available coatings. We will address the requirement for the coating to be applied under industrial conditions to large surface areas and the feasibility of applying our coating on top of existing marine coatings that are applied to prevent corrosion. Importantly we will address the issue of scale-up of manufacture, particularly that of endospore production, something that traditional coating manufacturers are not familiar with. The partners will also advise on Health & Safety issues and provide guidance on regulatory requirements of the coating.
Reed C.,International Paint LLC
NACE - International Corrosion Conference Series | Year: 2014
A common test for the evaluation of corrosion resistance of coatings over steel substrates is underfilm corrosion creep, typically measured by determining how far corrosion emanates on a substrate from a holiday under a coating film when subjected to corrosion conditions. This is a very commonly specified property in coatings specifications. Another test which is somewhat related to underfilm corrosion creep is cathodic delamination. Cathodic delamination is the de-adhesion of a coating from a substrate occurring at a defect in the coating film in a corrosive environment. The cause of this delamination has been associated with the generation of an alkaline substance produced at the cathodic half cell reaction of the corrosion process. This property, however, is rarely, if ever, specified in coatings specifications. This fact is puzzling and somewhat troubling because cathodic delamination has the potential to becoming a serious corrosion issue, more so than underfilm corrosion creep. This paper looks at the possible mechanisms of underfilm corrosion creep and cathodic delamination over steel surfaces. Also examined is the relationship between these two properties. The paper further looks into how both of these properties are affected by coatings that are designed to protect steel from corrosion and possible mechanisms of that protection. And finally, the key question is asked, why is cathodic delamination not specified in coatings specifications?. © 2014 by NACE International.
Bassarab P.,International Paint Ltd. |
Williams D.,International Paint Ltd. |
Dean J.R.,Northumbria University |
Ludkin E.,Northumbria University |
Perry J.J.,Northumbria University
Journal of Chromatography A | Year: 2011
A method for the simultaneous determination of two biocidal quaternary ammonium compounds; didecyldimethylammonium chloride (didecyldimethyl quat) and dodecylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride (benzyl quat), in seawater by solid phase extraction (SPE) followed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was developed. The optimised procedure utilised off-line extraction of the analytes from seawater using polymeric (Strata-X) SPE cartridges. Recoveries ranged from 80 to 105%, with detection limits at the low parts-per-trillion (ng/l) level for both analytes. To demonstrate sensitivity, environmental concentrations were measured at three different locations along the North East coast of England with measured values in the range 120-270. ng/l. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Stein T.,International Paint Ltd.
RINA, Royal Institution of Naval Architects - International Conference on ICSOT: Developments in Fixed and Floating Offshore Structures | Year: 2012
100% Solids epoxy intumescent passive fire protection materials (Epoxy PFP) have been used in the Oil & Gas market since 1974. Essentially, the ingredients which cause fire protection materials to intumesce, and provide thermal protection, are very similar across a broad spectrum of products. The binder in which these intumescent ingredients are dispersed is the key to longevity and durability when considering fire protection and corrosion resistance. This paper shows that not all Epoxy PFP are the same with regard to corrosion protection and product stability under stress. This is particularly in environments described as C5-M as per ISO 12944. Topcoats cannot be relied upon to maintain the integrity of the Epoxy PFP underneath. © 2012: The Royal Institution of Naval Architects.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Feasibility Study | Award Amount: 25.70K | Year: 2016
Biofilm fouling on ships leads to costly drag penalties, and the marine coatings industry seeks to develop technologies that will eliminate or reduce slime. This project explores the feasibility of using marine fouling biofilm mechanical and physical properties as predictors of associated drag, and thus more sophisticated metrics of coating performance than the current standard. Biofouling and coatings experts at International Paint Ltd. and biofilm mechanics experts at the Univeristy of Southampton will partner to develop and validate innovative methods and apparatuses for measurement of (i) biofilm drag and (ii)mechanical/physical properties of intact, immersed biofilms on marine coatings. With these methods, the teams will compile the first dataset of biofilm drag penalties with respect to the mechanical/physical properties of these compliant materials. The test methods and broader knowledge of biofilm properties and drag will directly benefit coatings research and development, product performance modelling, and fundamental materials science.
International Paint Ltd | Date: 2014-03-17
coatings, namely sealers for use on wood.