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Breitenfurt bei Wien, Austria

Brazinova A.,International Neurotrauma Research Organization | Brazinova A.,University of Trnava | Mauritz W.,International Neurotrauma Research Organization | Leitgeb J.,Medical University of Vienna | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Neurotrauma | Year: 2010

The goal of this study was to investigate the outcomes of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who had Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores of 3 or 4, and were aged 66 years or older. Between January 2001 and December 2005, 13 European centers enrolled patients with severe brain trauma. Data sets of all patients who had a GCS score of 3 or 4 and were 66 years of age or older were analyzed. Outcomes were classified according to the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) 12 months post-trauma as "favorable" (GOS score of 4 or 5), or "unfavorable" (GOS score of 1-3); relevant data for patients of the two groups were compared. Variables were analyzed by univariate analyses (chi-square, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney, and Fisher's exact tests), and a p value of <0.05 was considered significant. We analyzed 100 patients identified from the database as having GCS scores of 3 or 4 and age over 65 years. Factors having significant effects on outcomes were worse results of the Injury Severity Score (ISS), Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS), and Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) for the head. Closed or partially closed basal cisterns and/or midline shift >15 mm were also associated with unfavorable outcomes, as was subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Patients with GCS scores of 3 or 4 who are older than 65 years have a poor, but not hopeless, prognosis. Confirmed factors predicting poor prognosis for this group of patients were closed basal cisterns and midline shift >15 mm on the first CT scan. Factors possibly related to favorable outcomes were female gender, lower trauma severity, open or partially open basal cisterns, and no midline shift on the first CT scan. © Copyright 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Majdan M.,University of Trnava | Majdan M.,International Neurotrauma Research Organization | Mauritz W.,International Neurotrauma Research Organization | Rusnak M.,University of Trnava | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Neurotrauma | Year: 2014

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are of special concern in the pediatric and adolescent population because of high incidence, mortality, and potential years of life lost (PYLL). Knowledge on causes and mortality trends is essential for effective prevention. The aim of this study was to analyze the long-term trends and causes of TBI-related mortality between 1980 and 2012 in the pediatric and adolescent populations of Austria. Death certificate data on TBI-related deaths of children and adolescents 0-19 years of age and exact population numbers were obtained from the Austrian Statistical Office. Five age groups were created. Mortality trends and causes of TBI were analyzed. PYLL were used to indicate the public health impact. Of 5319 identified TBI-related deaths, 75% were male victims. The annual mortality rates per 100,000 between 1980 and 2012 decreased from 25 to 2.6 in males, from 8.5 to 1.0 in females, and from 16.9 to 1.8 in the total population. Those 15-19 years of age had the highest mortalities, followed by 0-2 years of age. Over 80% of deaths were caused by accidents, inflicted TBIs were most common in those 0-2 years of age, and traffic accidents in those 15-19 years of age. In the studied period, 295,793 PYLL could be attributed to TBIs. Measures to prevent traffic accidents contributed significantly to the decrease of mortality and PYLL, especially in 15-to 19-year-old men. Causes and trends of TBI-related mortality exhibit age-group-specific patterns, and this knowledge could contribute to planning further preventive action to reduce TBI fatalities in the studied population. © Copyright 2014, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2014.

Leitgeb J.,Medical University of Vienna | Mauritz W.,Trauma Hospital Lorenz Boehler | Mauritz W.,International Neurotrauma Research Organization | Brazinova A.,International Neurotrauma Research Organization | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Neurosurgery | Year: 2012

Object. In this paper, the authors' goal was to identify factors contributing to outcomes after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) due to acute subdural hematoma (SDH). Methods. Between February 2002 and April 2010, 17 Austrian centers prospectively enrolled 863 patients with moderate and severe TBI into observational studies. Data regarding accident, treatment, and outcomes were collected. Data sets from patients who had severe TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale score < 9) and acute SDH were selected. Six-month outcomes were classified as "favorable" if the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) scores were 5 or 4, and they were classified as "unfavorable" if GOS scores were 3 or less. The Rotterdam score was used to classify CT findings, and the scores published by Hukkelhoven et al. were used to estimate the predicted rates of death and of unfavorable outcomes. Univariate (Fisher exact test, t-test, chi-square test) and multivariate (logistic regression) statistics were used to identify factors associated with hospital mortality and favorable outcome. Results. Of the 738 patients with severe TBI, 360 (49%) had acute SDH. Of these, 168 (46.7%) died in the hospital, 67 (18.6%) survived with unfavorable outcome, and 116 (32.2%) survived with favorable outcome. Long-term outcome was unknown in 9 survivors (2.5%). Mortality rates predicted by the Rotterdam CT score showed good correlation with observed mortality rates. According to the Hukkelhoven scores, observed/predicted ratios for mortality and unfavorable outcome were 1.09 and 1.02, respectively. Conclusions. Age, severity of TBI, and neurological status were the main factors influencing outcomes after severe TBI due to acute SDH. Nonoperative management was associated with significantly higher mortality.

Brazinova A.,University of Trnava | Brazinova A.,International Neurotrauma Research Organization | Mauritz W.,International Neurotrauma Research Organization | Majdan M.,University of Trnava | And 4 more authors.
Age and Ageing | Year: 2015

Background: traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant public health problem. Developed countries report a significant increase of TBI in older adults in the past decades. The objective of this study was to investigate the changes in TBI-related mortality in older Austrians (65 years or older) between 1980 and 2012 (33 years) and to identify possible causes for these changes.Methods: data from Statistics Austria on mortality in Austria between 1980 and 2012 were screened and data on TBI-related mortality in adults aged 65 and older were extracted and analysed, based on the diagnostic codes of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th and 9th revision. Mortality rates were calculated for 5-year age groups; standardized mortality rates were calculated for the total. Mechanism of injury was analysed for all events, both sexes and individual age groups.Results: between 1980 and 2012, 16,204 people aged 65 or older died from TBI in Austria; 61% of these were male. Fatal TBI cases and mortality rates increased in the oldest age groups (80 years or older). Half of the fatal TBI cases were caused by falls, 22% by traffic accidents and 17% by suicides. Rate of fall-related fatal TBI increased and rate of traffic accident-related fatal TBI decreased with age.Conclusion: preventive measures introduced in the past decades in the developed countries have contributed to a decrease in traffic injuries. However, falls in the older population are on the rise, mainly due to ageing of the population, throughout the reported period. It is important to take preventive measures to stop the epidemics of fall-related TBIs and fatalities in older adults. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved.

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