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Isabelle M.,National University of Singapore | Isabelle M.,International Life science Institute Southeast Asia Region | Lee B.L.,National University of Singapore | Lim M.T.,3 Second Hospital Avenue | And 3 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

Thirty-eight types of fruits commonly consumed in Singapore were systematically analysed for their hydrophilic oxygen radical absorbance capacity (H-ORAC), total phenolic content (TPC), ascorbic acid (AA) and various lipophilic antioxidants. Antioxidant composition and concentration varied widely across different fruits. Many of the tropical fruits tested were high in antioxidants. Amongst all fruits tested, sapodilla (Manilkara zapota) had the highest H-ORAC and TPC whilst guava had the highest AA per gram fresh weight. Papaya, red watermelon and cantaloupe had the highest β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene and β-carotene per gram fresh weight, respectively. On the other hand, durian and mangosteen were high in tocopherols and tocotrienols, respectively. Based on consumption data, Chinese Singaporeans appear to have a higher intake of carotenoids and tocopherols rich fruits compared to the US population. As fruits are a rich source of diverse antioxidants, efforts to promote consumption of a variety of fruits should be continued for public health benefits. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Amarra M.S.V.,International Life science Institute Southeast Asia Region | Chan P.M.,International Life science Institute Southeast Asia Region | Muslimatun S.,Indonesia International Institute for Life science | Suthutvoravut U.,Mahidol University | Barba C.V.C.,University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Malaysian Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2015

Introduction: In August 2014, the ILSI SEAR Infant and Early Childhood Nutrition Task Force held the 4th Expert Consultation and Planning Meeting on Maternal, Infant, and Young Child Nutrition (MIYCN) in Jakarta, Indonesia. Methods: The consultation focused on the nutrition and health situation of pregnant adolescents. The objectives were therefore to: (1) discuss the current nutrition and health situation of pregnant and non-pregnant adolescent girls in six Southeast Asian countries (Brunei, Indonesia, Laos, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam); (2) generate recommendations for teenage pregnancies in the region; and (3) identify regional issues, knowledge gaps and research priorities in order to improve adolescent health in Southeast Asia. Results: There is very little information on the health and nutrition status of pregnant and non-pregnant adolescent girls (aged 10 to 19 years old) in Southeast Asia. In most countries, teenage pregnancy rates are higher in rural areas than in urban areas. Anaemia has been shown to be prevalent among reproductive aged females (15 to 49 years old). Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam have high levels of underweight adolescent girls. An increasing prevalence of overweight adolescent girls has been found in Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam. Conclusion: There is a need for increased knowledge and understanding with regard to the health and nutrition status of female adolescents in the region (including micronutrient status and requirements), and factors that predispose girls to early pregnancy. Two types of program packages should be developed - one for adolescent girls who are not pregnant (aimed at promoting health and preventing early pregnancy) and another for those who are pregnant, including post-natal parenting support.

Pin N.T.,National University Hospital Singapore | Muthuswamy B.,Madras Diabetes Research Foundation | Michael F.,CSIRO | Richard H.,University of South Australia | And 2 more authors.
Open Longevity Science | Year: 2013

Asia has currently one of the largest concentrations of aging persons in the world. This trend is expected to continue due to increasing longevity and continued fertility reductions in its member countries. Asian countries need to start planning for these future demographic changes by formulating evidence-based policies to address aging. A workshop on healthy aging in Asia was recently organized by the International Life Sciences Institute Southeast Asia (ILSI SEA) Region in Singapore1. The goal was to discuss aging-related issues in the region and identify ways to address these issues through scientific research. Policy issues that were identified include: difficulty in translating scientific findings into poli-cy initiatives, lack of government financial resources to support agingresearch, food insecurity among Asian elderly, and diverse ethnic populations that necessitate tailored interventions to address specific health problems. Better quality of health rather than increased longevity was seen as an important goal to strive for. Health issues identified include: main-taining autonomy and independence in a developing country context, developing fitness standards for Asians, examining how Asian populations transition into disability, and identifying health pathways in developing countries, among others. Multi-disciplinary and collaborative research is the best approach to address these issues. Future actions include the estab-lishment of a regional consortium or collaborative network to guide the research agenda that can support aging policies as well as the exploitation of existing opportunities for public-private partnerships. © Pin et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

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