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Looijesteijn H.,International Institute of Social History | van Leeuwen M.H.D.,University Utrecht
Scandinavian Economic History Review | Year: 2014

In this contribution, we study the founding of large charities for the elderly during the Dutch Republic, demonstrating their number and nature, with an emphasis on how almshouses for the elderly were intricately bound up with the concern to preserve honour. Personal honour, being tied to community honour, formed a vital part of the processes of patronage and corporatism that defined early modern Dutch society. Through almshouse foundations the religious and civic communities to which patrons and clients belonged were strengthened. Within the fragmented religious landscape of the Dutch Republic these charities played an important role in strengthening both mainstream and dissenter communities, while providing a decent old age to Dutch citizens. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

De Vito C.G.,International Institute of Social History
International Journal of Law and Psychiatry | Year: 2014

This article addresses the long-standing continuities in the history of the Italian forensic psychiatric units and views them as the result of conflicting forces, interests, mentalities and strategies at the cross-road of forensic psychiatry, psychiatry, prison and health services. It focuses on the period from the 1960s to the present and deals with, among other issues, the long-term impact of the anti-asylum movements and the on-going debate on the 'phasing out' of the forensic psychiatric units. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Merono-Penuela A.,VU University Amsterdam | Ashkpour A.,International Institute of Social History | Rietveld L.,VU University Amsterdam | Hoekstra R.,VU University Amsterdam | Schlobach S.,VU University Amsterdam
CEUR Workshop Proceedings | Year: 2012

This paper discusses the use of Linked Data to harmonize the Dutch censuses (1795-1971). Due to the long period they cover, census data is notoriously difficult to compare, aggregate and query in a uniform fashion. In social history, harmonization is the (manual) process of restructuring, interpreting and correcting original data sources to make a comparison possible. We describe a harmonization methodology based on standard Linked Data principles, illustrate how the size and complexity of the resulting linked data source poses new challenges for Semantic Web technology, and discuss potential solutions. © 2012 LISC.

De Beer H.,International Institute of Social History
Economics and Human Biology | Year: 2012

The positive relationship between per capita availability of dairy products and average height found in historical studies (for instance in nineteenth century Bavaria, Prussia and France; Baten, 2009) does not necessarily indicate a causal relationship. Historical studies usually apply non-experimental methods that may produce substantial bias. Modern experimental controlled studies may provide high quality evidence supporting a causal relationship between consumption of dairy products and physical growth. This paper provides a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials investigating the effect of supplementing usual diet with dairy products on physical growth. Twelve studies provided sufficient, independent data for meta-analysis. Seven studies were conducted since the 1990s. The other studies were conducted between 1926 and 1980. Studies were conducted in Europe, USA, China, Northern Vietnam, Kenya, Indonesia and India. Many studies had some internal validity problems such as lack of randomisation or dissimilarity of groups at baseline regarding height and age, which affects the quality of evidence. Meta-analysis and sensitivity analysis showed that the most likely effect of dairy products supplementation is 0.4 cm per annum additional growth per ca 245 ml of milk daily. Meta-regression analysis indicated that milk might have more effect on growth than other dairy products while lower height-for-age and being a teenager increased the effect of supplementation. In conclusion, there is moderate quality evidence that dairy products supplementation stimulate linear growth supporting hypotheses that changing levels of consumption of dairy products in the 19th and 20th centuries contributed to trends in height. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Merono-Penuela A.,VU University Amsterdam | Hoekstra R.,VU University Amsterdam | Scharnhorst A.,Data Archiving and Networked Services | Gueret C.,Data Archiving and Networked Services | Ashkpour A.,International Institute of Social History
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2013

This paper discusses the use of semantic technologies to increase quality, machine-processability, format translatability and cross-querying of complex tabular datasets. Our interest is to enable longitudinal studies of social processes in the past, and we use the historical Dutch censuses as case-study. Census data is notoriously difficult to compare, aggregate and query in a uniform fashion. We describe an approach to achieve this, discussing results, trade-offs and open problems. © Springer-Verlag 2013.

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