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International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory , in Braga, Portugal, a fully international research organization in Europe in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology. INL is the result of a joint decision of the Governments of Portugal and Spain, taken on November 19, 2005 at the XXI Portugal-Spain Summit, in Évora, whereby the two Governments made clear their commitment to a strong cooperation in ambitious science and technology joint ventures for the future.INL will provide a state-of the art research environment promoting an interdisciplinarity effort in addressing the major challenges in the emerging areas of Nanobiotechnology, Nanoelectronics, Nanomedicine and Materials Science at Nanoscale. The key research activities are based on existing areas of excellence in Portugal and Spain, as well as on new strategic development areas where researchers will be hired. The combination of an appropriate level of available research funds, internationally competitive recruiting, a state-of-the-art research facility, and an innovative and entrepreneur attitude in our organizational value will be the major factors in attracting leading scientists and young and promising researchers to join the founding research team of INL. The Laboratory is planned for 200 scientists, about 100 PhD students, and supporting technical and administrative staff.INL will closely work with international research centers, local and global industry and universities under an open innovation approach, aiming to pursue a thriving society and social wellbeing. Wikipedia.

Fernandez Rossier J.,International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory
Nature Materials | Year: 2013

A series of breakthroughs is making the fabrication of single-atom devices possible. Their behavior is controlled by the quantum state of single dopants, and they hold promise for applications such as quantum bits, magnetometers and memories. However, for conventional architectures the reduction of the number of dopants also presents a design problem: below a certain threshold, their statistical fluctuation becomes comparable in magnitude to the actual number of dopants in the device itself. This makes nominally identical devices behave differently. In contrast, proposals such as the Kane quantum computer use the nuclear spin of individual phosphorus donor atoms embedded in silicon as a qubit. To make the jump from single qubits to fully fledged quantum computers, control over the spin coupling between individual dopants is essential.

Liu L.,International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory
Nanoscale | Year: 2013

Nano-aggregates of cobalt nickel oxysulfide (CoNi)OxS y have been synthesized by hydrothermal processing and exhibited specific and areal capacitance as high as 592 F g-1 and 1628 mF cm-2, respectively, at a current density of 0.5 A g -1/1.375 mA cm-2. They also show high capacitance retention upon extended cycling at high rates. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Liu L.,International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory
Journal of Power Sources | Year: 2013

Porous Co16S16O96 (COD database code: 591-0314) nanosheets have been fabricated by a simple and low-cost hydrothermal approach. The as-fabricated Co16S16O96 nanostructures are characterized by a porous interconnected sheet-like network and prove to be highly crystalline. Electrochemical tests reveal that the Co16S16O96 nanosheets can be reversibly charged and discharged in a potential window between -0.05 and 0.4 V vs. saturated calomel electrode at various specific current densities ranging from 0.5 A g-1 to 50 A g-1. The specific capacitance of these nanosheets is 333 F g-1 at 1 A g-1 in the beginning of cycling test, and increases with cycle numbers up to 386 F g-1, then remaining constant till 4000 cycles. More remarkably, even at a current density as high as 50 A g-1, the nanosheets still possess a specific capacitance of 170 F g-1, and only lose 15.3% of the initial capacitance value after 4000 cycles, showing great promise for use as high-performance supercapacitor electrodes. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-02-2014 | Award Amount: 6.15M | Year: 2015

Prime objective of the Sharc25 project is to develop super-high efficiency Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells for next generation of cost-beneficial solar module technology with the world leading expertise establishing the new benchmarks of global excellence. The project partners ZSW and EMPA hold the current CIGS solar cell efficiency world records of 21.7% on glass and 20.4% on polymer film, achieved by using high (~650C) and low (~450C) temperature CIGS deposition, respectively. Both have developed new processing concepts which open new prospects for further breakthroughs leading to paradigm shift for increased performance of solar cells approaching to the practically achievable theoretical limits. In this way the costs for industrial solar module production < 0.35/Wp and installed systems < 0.60/Wp can be achieved, along with a reduced Capex < 0.75/Wp for factories of >100 MW production capacity, with further scopes for cost reductions through production ramp-up. In this project the performance of single junction CIGS solar cells will be pushed from ~21% towards 25% by a consortium with multidisciplinary expertise. The key limiting factors in state-of-the-art CIGS solar cells are the non-radiative recombination and light absorption losses. Novel concepts will overcome major recombination losses: combinations of increased carrier life time in CIGS with emitter point contacts, engineered grain boundaries for active carrier collection, shift of absorber energy bandgap, and bandgap grading for increased tolerance of potential fluctuations. Innovative approaches will be applied for light management to increase the optical path length in the CIGS absorber and combine novel emitter, front contact, and anti-reflection concepts for higher photon injection into the absorber. Concepts of enhanced cell efficiency will be applied for achieving sub-module efficiencies of >20% and industrial implementation strategies will be proposed for the benefit of European industries.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-COFUND-FP | Phase: MSCA-COFUND-2015-FP | Award Amount: 3.40M | Year: 2016

The NanoTRAINforGrowth II is the International Iberian Nanotechnology Institutes (INL) fellowship programme for Experienced Researchers (ER). It is set to be a 5 year programme and is a 2nd edition of INLs fellowship programme. Its main objective is to attract talented researchers and provide opportunities for training and career development, at a one of a kind and state of the art research infrastructure. Selected fellows will have the opportunity to work at INL, through a two-year employment contract, which is the first (and so far the only) research organization in Europe, with an international legal status, entirely focused in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology. INLs Post-doc fellowship programme is an individual-driven bottom-up approach that comprises the incoming mobility scheme. INLs international post-doctoral fellowship programme allows for experienced researchers (from all over the world and nationality) to sketch out a research project and work on their own research idea, at INLs Facilities. Fellows will have access to a completely brand new set of state-of-the-art equipment and will have the opportunity to enhance their expertise via a research project, in a scientific topic of their choice, and that is well within INLs strategic research and technological development areas.

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