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Bisaro A.,Global Climate Forum | Kirk M.,University of Marburg | Zdruli P.,CIHEAM Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari | Zimmermann W.,International Development Management
Land Degradation and Development | Year: 2014

Recent rapid changes in global scale drivers of desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD) have two important consequences for drylands. First, changes in these drivers, for example in food and energy prices, make improving interventions in drylands more urgent because of their potential impacts. Second, these changes introduce new knowledge gaps regarding both the potential impacts on social-ecological dryland systems and the design of options to take advantage of opportunities. This paper identifies the most salient research needs in DLDD in drylands brought on by global drivers. The question was addressed through an iterative stakeholder consultative forum. First, relevant global scale drivers were identified through a literature review and preliminary consultation. Next, stakeholders and experts were further consulted to identify research priorities given rise to by these drivers. Identified research priorities were as follows: (i) assessing impacts of rising prices on DLDD in mixed market and subsistence production contexts; (ii) assessing options and limits of agricultural modernisation on fragile lands; (iii) developing methods for assessing land-use trade-offs and mapping productive lands; (iv) modelling and participatory methods for monitoring and evaluating soil carbon sequestration; (v) developing policy frameworks to regulate impacts of investment on the environment and local livelihoods; (vi) participatory modelling for regional and local adaptation planning; and (vii) valuation of non-market land degradation outcomes including biodiversity loss. Concluding, we call for a forward-looking interdisciplinary drylands research agenda with an increased emphasis on governance to address these priorities. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Hoehn K.,International Development Management
Reproductive Health Matters | Year: 2014

By and large, the financial commitments 179 nations made to the family planning and reproductive health components of ICPD in 1994 were not kept. While donors ramp up support for civil society advocacy in developing countries, in hopes of improving national funding and outcomes, recent trends in advocacy evaluation leave unanswered the broader question of whether/how international campaigning can appropriately and effectively strengthen national-level decision-making. This article provides background regarding the challenges in monitoring developing country contributions; summarizes current donor initiatives to strengthen civil society advocacy; and reviews theoretical approaches to assessing advocacy. The author identifies major advocacy limitations and proposes a three-pronged approach to harmonize international and national advocacy messages for improved, sustained increases in health funding and outcomes, namely, that local accountability is paramount, that national health programmes must be designed as legally binding entitlements, and that pro-health values and norms must be strengthened. © 2014 Reproductive Health Matters.


Badir Y.F.,Asian Institute of Technology | Buchel B.,International Development Management | Tucci C.L.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
International Journal of Project Management | Year: 2012

New product development (NPD) in an alliance context crosses organizational boundaries and therefore makes team and leader empowerment and communication an ever more important topic for the successful accomplishment of NPD goals. We developed a conceptual model that addresses some key questions: Under what circumstances should the project team and leader be empowered? How much empowerment? And what effects does this have on communication and NPD performance?Using case study research, we developed a conceptual model portraying the impact of NPD project team and leader empowerment in the 'alliance focal company' (AFC - the lead company in the alliance) on the communication with a project's strategic partners, and the subsequent effects on project performance. Our model suggests that the efficiency of the development project (shortest, cheapest, and highest quality possible) is contingent upon how well the actual intensity level and the degree of media-richness of communication fit the required ones. Conversely, the actual intensity level and degree of media-richness of communication are enabled by a varying extent of team and leader empowerment, ranging from limited to significant. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Weinman J.,International Development Management
IEEE Cloud Computing | Year: 2015

The experience that users, such as customers and employees, have of online services is largely based on response time. Response time can be improved through a variety of cloud-related techniques with little or no marginal cost including front-end optimization, geographic dispersion, parallelism, and optimal anycast service node selection. © 2015 IEEE.


Kettinger W.J.,University of Memphis | Marchand D.A.,International Development Management
Information Systems Journal | Year: 2011

While many scholars have discussed what a company should look like when it has reached an advanced state in using its information, there has been little empirical research to develop a valid effectiveness measure to determine whether a company is doing a good job of managing its information. Based on a theoretically derived model of an information life cycle, this study empirically tests a measure of information management practices (IMP) that can be part of future business measurement approaches. To ensure that we maintain an enterprise-wide perspective, we focus on senior managers' perceptions of how well their companies manage information. We discuss IMP as a 'process' or life cycle that involves sensing, collecting, organising, processing and maintaining information to enhance its use for decision-making. We first give an overview of the research on life cycle views of information management. Next, we present our information management life cycle framework and its dimensions. We then statistically determine the extent to which these ideas exist in the minds of senior managers as reflected in the second-order construct IMP. Finally, we discuss the implications for evaluating and measuring IMP in companies. The contributions have scholarly value as a building block in a theory of knowledge management, and practical value as a validated measure of the effectiveness of IMP. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Sieke M.A.,University of Cologne | Seifert R.W.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne | Seifert R.W.,International Development Management | Thonemann U.W.,University of Cologne
Production and Operations Management | Year: 2012

Supply contracts are used to coordinate the activities of the supply chain partners. In many industries, service level-based supply contracts are commonly used. Under such a contract, a company agrees to achieve a certain service level and to pay a financial penalty if it misses it. The service level used in our study refers to the fraction of a manufacturer's demand filled by the supplier. We analyze two types of service level-based supply contracts that are designed by a manufacturer and offered to a supplier. The first type of contract is a flat penalty contract, under which the supplier pays a fixed penalty to the manufacturer in each period in which the contract service level is not achieved. The second type of contract is a unit penalty contract, under which a penalty is due for each unit delivered fewer than specified by the parameters of the contract. We show how the supplier responds to the contracts and how the contract parameters can be chosen, such that the supply chain is coordinated. We also derive structural results about optimal values of the contract parameters, provide numerical results, and connect our service level measures to traditional service level measures. The results of our analyses can be used by decision makers to design optimal service level contracts and to provide them with a solid foundation for contract negotiations. © 2012 Production and Operations Management Society.


Seifert R.W.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne | Seifert R.W.,International Development Management | Zequeira R.I.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne | Liao S.,Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2012

This paper studies coordination in a three-echelon supply chain and examines the impact of sub-supply chain coordination (sub-coordination). Our analysis is based on the price-only contracts that are commonly used in practice. The model is of the newsvendor type. We consider the following cases: no coordination between any members of the supply chain (decentralized), coordination between only two members (sub-supply chain coordination) and coordination of the whole supply chain as a benchmark. We explicitly analyze the order quantity and contracting decisions for a decentralized three-echelon supply chain. We compare supply chain efficiency when there is upstream coordination and when there is downstream coordination and show that the former is more efficient than or as efficient as the latter. In our setting, the difference between upstream and downstream sub-supply chain coordination is equivalent to the shortage cost transfer. We find that both the supplier and the retailer would prefer to act alone rather than to coordinate with the manufacturer when sub-supply chain coordination is suggested. This contradiction may partly explain the popularity of price-only contracts in practice. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Trademark
International Development Management | Date: 2014-01-27

Downloadable electronic publications, including downloadable digital audio and video files, in the fields of economics and business, as well as management, marketing, administration, non-scientific research and human resources, intended to improve the performance of public or private corporations; pre-recorded magnetic or optical data media, especially compact disks, read-only memory compact disks (CD-ROMs), pre-recorded optical disks and digital versatile disks (DVDs), all featuring information in the fields of business and economics, as well as management, marketing, administration, non-scientific research and human resources, intended to improve the performance of public or private corporations; downloadable software in the form of software and micro-software for computers, laptops, tablets and smartphones. Teaching and instruction manuals; books; printed publications; educational, instructional or teaching materials (except apparatus). Business organization and management consultancy intended to improve the performance of public or private corporations; business information; business investigations; business management assistance intended to improve the performance of public or private corporations; commercial or industrial management assistance intended to improve the performance of such businesses; compilation of economic and business data into a central database on behalf of public or private corporations; compilation of economic and business statistics; economic forecasting; efficiency experts; market research; market study; consultancy pertaining to personnel issues. Arranging and conducting of seminars, workshops, conferences and theoretical and practical courses on economics and business, as well as management, marketing, administration, non-scientific research and human resources, intended to improve the performance of public and private corporations; provision of non-downloadable online publications on economics and business, as well as management, marketing, administration, non-scientific research and human resources, intended to improve the performance of public or private corporations; provision of seminars, lectures, educational and training programs through Internet courses. Development, design and updating of software and micro-software.


Trademark
International Development Management | Date: 2014-01-27

Downloadable electronic publications, including downloadable digital audio and video files, in the fields of economics and business, as well as management, marketing, administration, non-scientific research and human resources, intended to improve the performance of public or private corporations; pre-recorded magnetic or optical data media, especially compact disks, read-only memory compact disks (CD-ROMs), pre-recorded optical disks and digital versatile disks (DVDs), all featuring information in the fields of business and economics, as well as management, marketing, administration, non-scientific research and human resources, intended to improve the performance of public or private corporations; downloadable software in the form of software and micro-software for computers, laptops, tablets and smartphones. Teaching and instruction manuals; books; printed publications; educational, instructional or teaching materials (except apparatus). Business organization and management consultancy intended to improve the performance of public or private corporations; business information; business investigations; business management assistance intended to improve the performance of public or private corporations; commercial or industrial management assistance intended to improve the performance of such businesses; compilation of economic and business data into a central database on behalf of public or private corporations; compilation of economic and business statistics; economic forecasting; efficiency experts; market research; market study; consultancy pertaining to personnel issues. Arranging and conducting of seminars, workshops, conferences and theoretical and practical courses on economics and business, as well as management, marketing, administration, non-scientific research and human resources, intended to improve the performance of public and private corporations; provision of non-downloadable online publications on economics and business, as well as management, marketing, administration, non-scientific research and human resources, intended to improve the performance of public or private corporations; provision of seminars, lectures, educational and training programs through Internet courses. Development, design and updating of software and micro-software.

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