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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Brenner J.E.,International Center for Transdisciplinary Research
Studies in Computational Intelligence | Year: 2010

Standard bivalent propositional and predicate logics are described as the theory of correct reasoning. However, the concept of model-based reasoning (MBR) developed by Magnani and Nersessian rejects the limitations of implicit or explicit dependence on abstract propositional, truth-functional logics or their modal variants. In support of this advance toward a coherent framework for reasoning, my paper suggests that complex reasoning processes, especially MBR, involve a novel logic of and in reality. At MBR04, I described a new kind of logical system, grounded in quantum mechanics (now designated as logic in reality; LIR), which postulates a foundational dynamic dualism inherent in energy and accordingly in causal relations throughout nature, including cognitive and social levels of reality. This logic of real phenomena provides a framework for analysis of physical interactions as well as theories, including the relations that constitute MBR, in which both models and reasoning are complex, partly non-linguistic processes. Here, I further delineate the logical aspects of MBR as a real process and the relation between it and its target domains. LIR describes 1) the relation between model theory - models and modeling - and scientific reasoning and theory; and 2) the dynamic, interactive aspects of reasoning, not captured in standard logics. MBR and its critical relations, e.g., between internal and external cognitive phenomena, are thus not "extra-logical" in the LIR interpretation. Several concepts of representations from an LIR standpoint are discussed and the position taken that the concept may be otiose for understanding of mental processes, including MBR. In LIR, one moves essentially from abduction as used by Magnani to explain processes such as scientific conceptual change to a form of inference implied by physical reality and applicable to it. Issues in reasoning involving computational and sociological models are discussed that illustrate the utility of the LIR logical approach. © 2010 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Brenner J.E.,International Center for Transdisciplinary Research | Brenner J.E.,Chemin du College 1
Information (Switzerland) | Year: 2012

Rafael Capurro has defined Angeletics (or messaging theory-John Holgate's preferred term) as the study of messages and messaging and proposed its paradigmatic role in 21st century science and society. As stated in Messages and Messengers. Angeletics as an Approach to the Phenomenology of Communication, edited by Capurro and Holgate, the objective of Angeletics is to further both a philosophical and a hermeneutical understanding of this phenomenon. My paper is directed at key issues outlined in the reference document by several authors that involve the physical grounding and evolution of messaging and information processes. My approach is to apply my recent extension of logic to complex real systems, processes and concepts, including information, messages and their interaction (Logic in Reality, LIR). LIR supports the grounding of Angeletics in reality and emphasizes the congruence between informational issues in science and in philosophy, as in Capurro's distinction between an "angeletic philosophy" and "philosophic Angeletics". From this perspective, LIR can act as a framework for the debate about the nature and function of messaging and information theory and their relevance for a more ethical information society. Source

Brenner J.E.,International Center for Transdisciplinary Research
Information (Switzerland) | Year: 2015

The 2nd International Conference on the Philosophy of Information (ICPI 2015) took place in Vienna June 5-6, 2015 as a major Section of the Vienna 2015 Summit Conference on the Response and Responsibility of the Information Sciences. At the ICPI, Wu Kun and others presented evidence for a current integration and convergence of the philosophy and science of information, under the influence of the unique characteristics of information itself. As I have shown, my extension of logic to real systems (Logic in Reality; LIR) applies to and explicates many of the properties of information processes. In this paper, I apply LIR as a framework for understanding the operation of information in three areas of science and philosophy that were discussed at the Summit. The utility of this approach in support of an information commons is suggested the abstract section. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

Brenner J.E.,International Center for Transdisciplinary Research
Information (Switzerland) | Year: 2014

A consensus is emerging that the multiple forms, functions and properties of information cannot be captured by a simple categorization into classical and quantum information. Similarly, it is unlikely that the applicable physics of information is a single classical discipline, completely expressible in mathematical terms, but rather a complex, multi- and trans-disciplinary field involving deep philosophical questions about the underlying structure of the universe. This paper is an initial attempt to present the fundamental physics of non-quantum information in terms of a novel non-linguistic logic. Originally proposed by the Franco-Romanian thinker Stéphane Lupasco (1900-1988), this logic, grounded in quantum mechanics, can reflect the dual aspects of real processes and their evolution at biological, cognitive and social levels of reality. In my update of this logical system-Logic in Reality (LIR)-a change in perspective is required on the familiar notions in science and philosophy of causality, continuity and discontinuity, time and space. I apply LIR as a critique of current approaches to the physical grounding of information, focusing on its qualitative dualistic aspects at non-quantum levels as a set of physical processes embedded in a physical world. © 2014 by the authors. Source

Brenner J.E.,International Center for Transdisciplinary Research
Information (Switzerland) | Year: 2014

This article is an attempt to capture, in a reasonable space, some of the major developments and currents of thought in information theory and the relations between them. I have particularly tried to include changes in the views of key authors in the field. The domains addressed range from mathematical-categorial, philosophical and computational approaches to systems, causal-compositional, biological and religious approaches and messaging theory. I have related key concepts in each domain to my non-standard extension of logic to real processes that I call Logic in Reality (LIR). The result is not another attempt at a General Theory of Information such as that of Burgin, or a Unified Theory of Information like that of Hofkirchner. It is not a compendium of papers presented at a conference, more or less unified around a particular theme. It is rather a highly personal, limited synthesis which nonetheless may facilitate comparison of insights, including contradictory ones, from different lines of inquiry. As such, it may be an example of the concept proposed by Marijuan, still little developed, of the recombination of knowledge. Like the best of the work to which it refers, the finality of this synthesis is the possible contribution that an improved understanding of the nature and dynamics of information may make to the ethical development of the information society. © 2014 by the authors. Source

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