Levard C.,Aix - Marseille University |
Levard C.,International Center for the Enviromental Implications of NanoTechnologies |
Doelsch E.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development |
Basile-Doelsch I.,Aix - Marseille University |
And 12 more authors.
Geoderma | Year: 2012
Despite half a century of intensive research, the structure and presence of short-range ordered aluminosilicates in volcanic soils is still the focus of debate. Imogolite is easily distinguishable because of its tubular structure, whereas allophane compounds-usually described as spheres-are harder to identify, especially because of their variable structure and occurrence patterns. In addition, the local structure of allophanes can be very similar to that of proto-imogolite (imogolite precursor). Strangely, this similarity is seldom considered in most characterization studies. In this context, our study focuses on the structure of two Al-rich short range-ordered aluminosilicates of two different origins, from: (i) an Andosol B horizon (Andosol sample); and (ii) a weathered pumice grain (pumice sample). These natural samples were compared to a synthetic proto-imogolite. The three samples were analyzed using experimental tools that are commonly used for the identification of these nanophases (chemical composition, X-ray diffraction, nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy). The three samples exhibited the same local structure, but significant differences were observed at a larger scale. The pumice sample clearly showed ring-shaped particles, while the Andosol sample and the synthetic proto-imogolite were amorphous. Our results suggest that poorly ordered proto-imogolite, rather than Al-rich allophones and imogolites, is present in Andosol horizons. We believe that the mineralogy of these phases needs to be reassessed along with their growth mechanisms. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.