International Center for Health science

Manipala, India

International Center for Health science

Manipala, India
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Nair R.,Mookambika Institute of Medical science | Nair V.,Mookambika Institute of Medical science | Vollala V.R.,International Center for Health science
Acta Medica Saliniana | Year: 2010

The variation of extrahepatic biliary anatomy is useful for a surgeon during surgeries on gall bladder, duodenum and pancreas. A sound knowledge of the normal anatomy of the extrahepatic biliary tract is thus essential in the prevention of operative injury to it. We present a rare case of hepatopancreatic duct which is unusually long and opening into the third part of duodenum. © 2010 by Acta Medica Saliniana.

Reddy S.,Kasturba Medical College International Center | Bhat S.,Kasturba Medical College International Center | Vasavi R.,Kasturba Medical College International Center | Bandarupalli N.,Mamata Medical College | And 2 more authors.
Acta Medica Saliniana | Year: 2010

We present a case of third coronary artery arising directly from the right aortic sinus of Valsalva in a 60 year old male cadaver. It coursed in the epicardium downward, forward and to left on the sternocostal surface of the right ventricle up to the apex of heart where it anastomosed with left anterior descending artery. During its course it gave small ventricular branches to the right and left ventricles. Clinical importance and embryology of the variation are discussed. © 2010 by Acta Medica Saliniana.

George B.M.,Manipal University India | Rao M.S.,Kuwait University | Kumar A.,K S Hegde Medical Academy | Suvarna N.,International Center for Health science | D'Souza J.S.,International Center for Health science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012

Introduction: Coconut plucking, a profession of a few communities in southern India, is an arduous calling now. Permanent cosmetic defects to the skin, apart from medical emergencies, have forced many to abandon this time honoured profession. The objective of the present study was to explore the health status and the casualties in traditional coconut tree climbers in southern India. Method: A total of 240 male volunteers, all below 55 years, who were engaged in the profession, were interviewed between January 2006 and December 2008. A survey on the history of the falls, injuries, changes in the skin or body parts and the incidence rate of the withdrawal from the occupation were collected. The anthropometric data of 220 participants and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The parts which were afflicted due to occupational dermatosis were photographed and measured by using the scion image software. Results: 15% volunteers from group1 (<10 years of experience), 26.6% from group 2 (10-20 years of experience), 44% from group 3 (20-30 years of experience), and 41.3% from group 4 (>30 years of experience) fell down from trees, resulting in injuries. The histories of accidental cuts/lacerations from special knives which were used and those of skids/slips during the monsoon season in groups1, 2, 3, and 4 were 7.7, 15.0, 16.9, 12.0% respectively. The body weight and the BMI of the climbers in groups 2, 3 and 4 showed significant declines as compared to those of the non-climbers. Colles, vertebral and maxillary fractures, tendocalcaneus lesions and severe allergies, were among the medical emergencies which were listed. Conclusion: This study establishes a decline in the BMI with a progress in the tree-climbing experience, with marked falls being noted in groups 3 and 4. We suggest that this type of data should be taken into consideration in the plantation industry that depends on physical attributes, pesticides and lethal farm implements as the routine requirements.

George B.M.,International Center for Health science | Nayak S.B.,International Center for Health science | Marpalli S.,International Center for Health science
Anatomy and Cell Biology | Year: 2014

Awareness of anatomical variations in lungs is essential during segmental or lobar resections of lungs. We studied the variations of fissures, lobes and hilar structures in 65 right and 73 left isolated lungs from the dissection hall. Horizontal fissure was absent in 3.07% and incomplete in 35.38% of right lungs. Four point six one percentage of right lungs had 3 fissures and 4 lobes. Three point zero seven percentage of right lungs had 3 arteries, 67.69% had 2 arteries, and 29.23% had only one artery in the hilum. Sixty-three point zero seven percentage of right lungs had two veins in the hilum; 32.30% had 3 veins in the hilum; and 4.61% had more than 3 veins in the hilum. Ninety-eight point four six percentage of right lungs showed 2 bronchi in the hilum, and 1.53% of them showed 3 bronchi in the hilum. Two of the right lungs (3.07%) had an artery passing across the oblique fissure. Fifteen point zero six percentage of left lungs showed incomplete oblique fissure and 2.73% showed 2 fissures and 3 lobes. Five point four seven percentage of left lungs showed 2 arteries and 94.52% had only one artery in the hilum. Eighty point eight two percentage of left lungs had two veins in the hilum and 19.17% had 3 veins in the hilum. Twenty-one point nine one percent of left lungs had 2 bronchi and 78.08% had only one bronchus in the hilum. The knowledge of variations in the lobar and hilar anatomy of the lung presented in this study is clinically important while interpreting the radiological images and performing surgical procedures. © 2014. Anatomy&Cell Biology.

Packiriswamy V.,International Center for Health science | Kumar P.,Manipal University India | Rao M.,International Center for Health science
North American Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2012

Background: The "golden ratio" is considered as a universal facial aesthetical standard. Researcher's opinion that deviation from golden ratio can result in development of facial abnormalities. Aims: This study was designed to study the facial morphology and to identify individuals with normal, short, and long face. Materials and Methods: We studied 300 Malaysian nationality subjects aged 18-28 years of Chinese, Indian, and Malay extraction. The parameters measured were physiognomical facial height and width of face, and physiognomical facial index was calculated. Face shape was classified based on golden ratio. Independent t test was done to test the difference between sexes and among the races. Results: The mean values of the measurements and index showed significant sexual and interracial differences. Out of 300 subjects, the face shape was normal in 60 subjects, short in 224 subjects, and long in 16 subjects. Conclusion: As anticipated, the measurements showed variations according to gender and race. Only 60 subjects had a regular face shape, and remaining 240 subjects had irregular face shape (short and long). Since the short and long shape individuals may be at risk of developing various disorders, the knowledge of facial shapes in the given population is important for early diagnostic and treatment procedures.

Shetty S.D.,International Center for Health science | Satheesha Nayak B.,International Center for Health science | Kumar N.,International Center for Health science | Somayaji S.N.,International Center for Health science | Mohandas Rao K.G.,International Center for Health science
International Journal of Morphology | Year: 2011

Occurrence of variant muscular slips from pectoralis major muscle is rare. In this report, we present a rare case of aberrant muscular slip associated with the pectoralis major muscle which we call costodorsalis. This muscular slip originated from the 6th rib near the costochondral junction and ran along the lower border of pectoralis major muscle. It crossed the axilla from medial to lateral side and merged with the latissimus dorsi muscle. This type of origin and insertion is unique and has not been reported earlier. The knowledge of this muscle variation may be of special importance to the anesthesiologists, physiotherapists and plastic surgeons.

Nagabhooshana S.,International Center for Health science | Vollala V.R.,International Center for Health science
Acta Medica Saliniana | Year: 2011

Anatomical variations of peritoneal folds are rare. We present a peritoneal fold connecting pyloric part of stomach, right colic flexure and gall bladder observed in an adult female cadaver. Literature review shows the variant peritoneal fold can be called as cystogastrocolic fold. © 2011 by Acta Medica Saliniana.

PubMed | International Center for Health science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bratislavske lekarske listy | Year: 2010

Abnormal peritoneal folds near the liver are very rare. This case report presents an observation of an abnormal fold of peritoneum that extended from the upper right part of the greater omentum and stomach to the fossa for gallbladder. This fold merged with the lesser omentum on the left and extended to the right kidney when traced posteriorly. The epiploic foramen was entirely absent due to the presence of this fold. However, the lesser sac was there behind the liver, lesser omentum and stomach. The knowledge of abnormal folds like this may be important for surgeons (Fig. 3, Ref. 7). Full Text (Free, PDF)

PubMed | International Center for Health science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of clinical biochemistry : IJCB | Year: 2012

Miniature replicas modeled after the Great Pyramid of Giza are believed to concentrate geoelectromagnetic energy within their cavities and hence act as antistressors in humans and animals. Although there are not many reports of adverse effects of overexposure in the pyramid, subjects have claimed to feel uneasy after certain duration of staying in the pyramid. The present study was aimed to analyze the effects of prolonged pyramid exposure on plasma cortisol level, markers of oxidative damage and antioxidant defense in erythrocytes of adult female Wistar rats. Rats were divided into three groups, normal controls (NC, n=6) that were maintained under standard laboratory conditions in their home cages, pyramid exposed group-2 (PE-2, n=6) & pyramid exposed group-4 (PE-4, n=6) where the rats were housed under the pyramid for 6 hours/day for 2 weeks and 4 weeks respectively. Plasma cortisol and erythrocyte TBARS levels were significantly lower in both PE-2 and PE-4 rats and erythrocyte GSH levels and GSH-Px activity were significantly higher in them as compared to the NC rats. There was no significant difference in the results for these parameters between the PE-2 and PE-4 rats except for erythrocyte GSH-Px activity which was significantly more in the PE-2 rats than in the PE-4 rats. Although these results dont confirm any adverse effects of prolonged exposure in pyramids, they indicate a possibility of such adverse effects.

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