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Nair R.,Mookambika Institute of Medical science | Nair V.,Mookambika Institute of Medical science | Vollala V.R.,International Center for Health science
Acta Medica Saliniana

The variation of extrahepatic biliary anatomy is useful for a surgeon during surgeries on gall bladder, duodenum and pancreas. A sound knowledge of the normal anatomy of the extrahepatic biliary tract is thus essential in the prevention of operative injury to it. We present a rare case of hepatopancreatic duct which is unusually long and opening into the third part of duodenum. © 2010 by Acta Medica Saliniana. Source

Reddy S.,Kasturba Medical College International Center | Bhat S.,Kasturba Medical College International Center | Vasavi R.,Kasturba Medical College International Center | Bandarupalli N.,Mamata Medical College | And 2 more authors.
Acta Medica Saliniana

We present a case of third coronary artery arising directly from the right aortic sinus of Valsalva in a 60 year old male cadaver. It coursed in the epicardium downward, forward and to left on the sternocostal surface of the right ventricle up to the apex of heart where it anastomosed with left anterior descending artery. During its course it gave small ventricular branches to the right and left ventricles. Clinical importance and embryology of the variation are discussed. © 2010 by Acta Medica Saliniana. Source

Packiriswamy V.,International Center for Health science | Kumar P.,Manipal University India | Rao M.,International Center for Health science
North American Journal of Medical Sciences

Background: The "golden ratio" is considered as a universal facial aesthetical standard. Researcher's opinion that deviation from golden ratio can result in development of facial abnormalities. Aims: This study was designed to study the facial morphology and to identify individuals with normal, short, and long face. Materials and Methods: We studied 300 Malaysian nationality subjects aged 18-28 years of Chinese, Indian, and Malay extraction. The parameters measured were physiognomical facial height and width of face, and physiognomical facial index was calculated. Face shape was classified based on golden ratio. Independent t test was done to test the difference between sexes and among the races. Results: The mean values of the measurements and index showed significant sexual and interracial differences. Out of 300 subjects, the face shape was normal in 60 subjects, short in 224 subjects, and long in 16 subjects. Conclusion: As anticipated, the measurements showed variations according to gender and race. Only 60 subjects had a regular face shape, and remaining 240 subjects had irregular face shape (short and long). Since the short and long shape individuals may be at risk of developing various disorders, the knowledge of facial shapes in the given population is important for early diagnostic and treatment procedures. Source

George B.M.,Manipal University India | Rao M.S.,Kuwait University | Kumar A.,K S Hegde Medical Academy | Suvarna N.,International Center for Health science | D'Souza J.S.,International Center for Health science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

Introduction: Coconut plucking, a profession of a few communities in southern India, is an arduous calling now. Permanent cosmetic defects to the skin, apart from medical emergencies, have forced many to abandon this time honoured profession. The objective of the present study was to explore the health status and the casualties in traditional coconut tree climbers in southern India. Method: A total of 240 male volunteers, all below 55 years, who were engaged in the profession, were interviewed between January 2006 and December 2008. A survey on the history of the falls, injuries, changes in the skin or body parts and the incidence rate of the withdrawal from the occupation were collected. The anthropometric data of 220 participants and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The parts which were afflicted due to occupational dermatosis were photographed and measured by using the scion image software. Results: 15% volunteers from group1 (<10 years of experience), 26.6% from group 2 (10-20 years of experience), 44% from group 3 (20-30 years of experience), and 41.3% from group 4 (>30 years of experience) fell down from trees, resulting in injuries. The histories of accidental cuts/lacerations from special knives which were used and those of skids/slips during the monsoon season in groups1, 2, 3, and 4 were 7.7, 15.0, 16.9, 12.0% respectively. The body weight and the BMI of the climbers in groups 2, 3 and 4 showed significant declines as compared to those of the non-climbers. Colles, vertebral and maxillary fractures, tendocalcaneus lesions and severe allergies, were among the medical emergencies which were listed. Conclusion: This study establishes a decline in the BMI with a progress in the tree-climbing experience, with marked falls being noted in groups 3 and 4. We suggest that this type of data should be taken into consideration in the plantation industry that depends on physical attributes, pesticides and lethal farm implements as the routine requirements. Source

Nagabhooshana S.,International Center for Health science | Vollala V.R.,International Center for Health science
Acta Medica Saliniana

Anatomical variations of peritoneal folds are rare. We present a peritoneal fold connecting pyloric part of stomach, right colic flexure and gall bladder observed in an adult female cadaver. Literature review shows the variant peritoneal fold can be called as cystogastrocolic fold. © 2011 by Acta Medica Saliniana. Source

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