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Fakhfakh M.M.,National Agronomy Institute of Tunis INAT | Yahyaoui A.,International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas Aleppo | Rezgui S.,National Agronomy Institute of Tunis INAT | Elias E.M.,North Dakota State University | Daaloul A.,National Agronomy Institute of Tunis INAT
Crop Science | Year: 2011

Fusarium head blight (FHB) has recently become a major disease in durum wheat {Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum (Desf.) Husn. [syn. Triticum turgidum L. var. durum (Desf.) Bowden]} in Tunisia. Although partial resistance to FHB is found in durum wheat landraces, little is known about resistance genes and their effectiveness. The objective of this research was to evaluate potential resistance or tolerance to FHB using a cross between two partially resistant durum wheat cultivars, Divide, a North Dakota State University (NDSU) cultivar, and Tun7, a Tunisian landrace. Seven populations (P 1, P 2, F 1, F 2, F 3, BC 1, and BC 2) were evaluated in the greenhouse. Percentages of infected spikelets (PIS) were evaluated at 7, 14, and 21 d postinoculation (DPI) and area under disease progress curve (AUDPC) and Fusarium-damaged kernels (FDK) were measured. Mean generations analysis indicated that dominance effect (h) and dominance × dominance epistasis effect (l) contributed largely to the expression of partial resistance to FHB as measured by the PIS observed at 7 DPI (h = -8.9 and l = 10.4), 14 DPI (h = -28 and l = 33.7), and AUDPC (h = -300.5 and l = 340). Variance components indicated that additive effect (d) and additive × additive epistasis effect (i) are predominant components in the disease development at 21 DPI (d = 8.5 and i = -9). Additive effect (d) appeared to condition the expression of FDK (d = -3). Heritability estimates were 0.42 for PIS observed at 21 DPI and 0.84 for FDK. These results suggest that disease scoring at 21 DPI and FDK could be used to screen for FHB in early generations. © Crop Science Society of America. Source

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