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Burchi S.,International Association for Water Law AIDA
Water International | Year: 2012

Key trends in water legislation include: attraction of water resources into the public domain; limitations on governmental authority to allocate water resources; controlled trading of water rights; the "greening" of water laws; capturing the land-water connection; and ensuring user participation in decision making and implementation. Hence the water law reform agenda is likely to be preoccupied with reconciling tenure security with risk and uncertainty; pursuing equitable resource allocation efficiency gains; raising the environment's profile in water resources allocation; rekindling the connection between water resources management and land use regulations; empowering users; and mapping the interface between customary and statutory water allocation. © 2012 Copyright 2012 International Water Resources Association.

Burchi S.,International Association for Water Law AIDA
Journal of Water Law | Year: 2011

The journal of the International Association for Water Law (AIDA) carried a year end review feature, providing a retrospective overview and comparative analysis of water legislation adopted in the course of the year by a selected number of countries from around the world. The latest article from the journal offered a retrospective selection and analysis of the water resources legislation adopted by selected countries in the years 2009 to 2011. This year's selection had been guided by the selected statutes being representative of established practice and trends, or innovative and indicative of an emerging trend. The selection of countries emphasized on representing all continents and of different legal systems. Six statutes from as many Latin American countries and two each from as many African countries and from as many Asian countries comprised the selection for the 2009 2011 Review.

Alheritiere D.M.,International Association for Water Law AIDA
Journal of Water Law | Year: 2011

The Mediterranean Region is characterized by water scarcity. The region contains three per cent of the world's population and receives one per cent of the fresh water available on earth. While these region-wide figures are proportional, there are huge disparities at the local level. In ancient times, the priority of water management was to regulate floods in order to fight the excess of water. The oldest water regulations contained in the Hammurabi Code deal with flood control; the same applied to the water rules in force in Ancient Egypt. The consequences of the excess of water, such as malaria in the Italian plains and marshlands, were a major problem from the foundation of Rome until the mid- twentieth century. Braudel, in his world famous trilogy on The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, describes the high humpbacked bridges built under the Ottoman Empire to survive the flash floods.

Burchi S.,International Association for Water Law AIDA | Hodgson S.,International Association for Water Law AIDA
Journal of Water Law | Year: 2012

Around one-third of the world's population already live in countries that suffer from moderate to high water stress. Continued population growth leads to increased water demand to meet basic needs as well as food production, and the effects of climate change suggest greater pressure still. It has been estimated that the demand for water will increase by around 50 per cent in the next 30 years and that around 4 billion people, one-half of the world's population, will live in conditions of severe water stress by 2025. Particularly in countries with arid climates, huge investments have been made in irrigation infrastructure around the world over recent years. In many countries, particularly developing countries, the results have not always been as positive as hoped for and in many schemes significant efficiency gains are called for.

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